Need of source for the 2nd half of “On sense and reference”?

What is Frege’s theory of sense and reference?

According to Frege, sense determines reference: any two expressions with the same sense/ meaning will also have the same reference.

What is difference between sense and reference?

The reference (or “referent”; Bedeutung) of a proper name is the object it means or indicates (bedeuten), whereas its sense (Sinn) is what the name expresses. The reference of a sentence is its truth value, whereas its sense is the thought that it expresses.

What has a sense but no referent?

a word may have sense, but no referent. and even the word “the” all have sense, but no reference. — a word may have a referent, but no sense.

What is semantic reference?

In semantics, reference is generally construed as the relationships between nouns or pronouns and objects that are named by them. Hence, the word “John” refers to the person John. The word “it” refers to some previously specified object. The object referred to is called the referent of the word.

What is Frege’s theory of meaning?

Frege’s theory of sentence meaning explains how it is possible for different people to grasp the same thought—such as The North Sea covers an area of 220,000 square miles—though no two people associate the corresponding sentence with exactly the same ideas, images, or other mental experiences.

What is sense and reference in linguistics?

The reference of a word is the relation between the linguistic expression and the entity in the real world to which it refers. In contrast to reference, sense is defined as its relations to other expressions in the language system.

What is the difference between reference and referent?

Reference is a relationship in which a symbol or sign (a word, for example) signifies something; the referent is the thing signified. The referent may be an actual person or object, or may be something more abstract, such as a set of actions.

Why the sense vs reference distinction is important?

These two expressions have the same reference, but they clearly differ in that each presents that reference in a different way. So, although coreferential, each expression is associated with a different ‘sense’. The distinction between sense and reference helps explain the cognitive puzzle posed by identity statements.

What is an example of sense in semantics?

Sense refers to how we see an object or the amount of information given about an object. The classic example cited showing the distinction is the planet Venus. As a planet it has reference arbitrarily given the name Venus.

What is theory of sense?

The Interpretive Theory, or Theory of Sense, called by some Theory of the Paris School, is based on an all-important principle: translation is not a work on words or languages, it is a work on message, on sense.

What is the meaning of sense in philosophy?

Sense data constitute what we, as perceiving subjects, are directly aware of in perceptual experience, prior to cognitive acts such as inferring, judging, or affirming that such-and-such objects or properties are present. In vision, sense data are typically described as patches exhibiting colors and shapes.

Does sense determine reference?

3.1 The relation between sense and reference
Sense determines reference: any two expressions with the same sense/meaning will also have the same reference.

When was sense and reference published?


In the years 1891–1892, Frege gave more thought to the philosophy of language that would help ground his philosophy of mathematics. He published three of his most well-known papers, ‘Function and Concept’ (1891), ‘On Sense and Reference’ (1892a), and ‘On Concept and Object’ (1892b) in this period.

What is sense relation in semantics?

Sense relations. A good way to begin thinking about semantic problems is to look at sense relations (semantic relations), i.e. how meanings of one expression (e.g. a word, phrase, sentence) relate to the meanings of other expressions.

What is reference expression?

In linguistics, a referring expression (RE) is any noun phrase, or surrogate for a noun phrase, whose function in discourse is to identify some individual object.

What does for your reference mean?

FYR is a piece of content that is not so critical for the recipient know, but it might come in handy. Usually, the recipient already knows the gist of it from prior conversations, but there is a chance that they may want to dig in more or refer to this piece of content.

What are the five types of referring expression?

Reference Phenomena
We first survey five types of referring expression: in- definite noun phrases, definite noun phrases, pronouns, demonstratives, and Page 6 6 Chapter 17. Discourse one-anaphora.

What is the difference between extension and referent?

The simplest aspect of an expression’s meaning is its extension. We can stipulate that the extension of a sentence is its truth-value, and that the extension of a singular term is its referent.

What is the relationship between the extension and reference?

Extension is like sense and unlike reference is independent of any particular occasions of utterance. Reference is the thing picked out by the use of that expression on a particular occasion of utterance. The notions of reference and extension are clearly related, jointly opposed to the notion of sense.

What is intention and extension?

intension and extension, in logic, correlative words that indicate the reference of a term or concept: “intension” indicates the internal content of a term or concept that constitutes its formal definition; and “extension” indicates its range of applicability by naming the particular objects that it denotes.