Need a perspective on science, philosophy, religion, etc

What is religion and philosophy science?

The interdisciplinary field of “science and religion”, also called “theology and science”, aims to answer these and other questions. It studies historical and contemporary interactions between these fields, and provides philosophical analyses of how they interrelate.

How does science and religion work together?

Religion and science both offer explanations for why life and the universe exist. Science relies on testable empirical evidence and observation. Religion relies on subjective belief in a creator.

Is there a conflict between science and religion?

We found that 56% of Americans say there generally is conflict between science and religion but that this sense of tension is more common among the religiously unaffiliated— those who describe their religion as atheist, agnostic, or “nothing in particular.” The survey showed that just 16% of Christians in the U.S. say …

What are the three perspective of religion?

There are three perspectives in identifying religious change: giving priority to individuals, to social systems and to religion itself. Every perspective has some outcomes for understanding the place of religion in social and individual life.

What is the aim of philosophy of religion?

Philosophy of Religion is rational thought about religious issues and concerns without a presumption of the existence of a deity or reliance on acts of faith. Philosophers examine the nature of religion and religious beliefs.

What is the relationship between philosophy and religion?

The difference between philosophy and religion is that while religion is based on a set of unquestionable beliefs and dogmas about human existence pertaining to the supernatural, philosophy encompasses the doctrines that launch an inquest into the truth of the world around us and the reality of our existence.

How is religion different from science?

Science investigates the natural world, while religion deals with the spiritual and supernatural — hence, the two can be complementary. Many religious organizations have issued statements declaring that there need not be any conflict between religious faith and the scientific perspective on evolution.

When did science and religion separate?

nineteenth century

The idea that science and religion are at war with one another is actually fairly recent. It really only arose in the last third of the nineteenth century, after the publication of Darwin’s book on evolution.

How did the religion influence the development of science?

Protestant values encouraged scientific research by allowing science to study God’s influence on the world and thus providing a religious justification for scientific research.

What is the functional perspective on religion?

Functionalists view religion in a positive way; they see religion to play the function of maintaining harmony and social cohesion. Functionalism is a value consensus theory and so functionalists see religion as a positive apparatus in society which promotes social solidarity and allows society to run smoothly.

Which theoretical perspective is most likely to study how religion maintains social harmony?

Conflict Theory

Conflict theorists view religion as an institution that helps maintain patterns of social inequality.

What is conflict perspective on religion?

Conflict theorists view religion as an institution that helps maintain patterns of social inequality. For example, the Vatican has a tremendous amount of wealth, while the average income of Catholic parishioners is small.

How does religion affect perspective?

Religion reinforces and promotes social inequality and social conflict. It helps convince the poor to accept their lot in life, and it leads to hostility and violence motivated by religious differences. This perspective focuses on the ways in which individuals interpret their religious experiences.

How did Karl Marx view religion quizlet?

Marx sees religion as negative as its primary function is to reproduce, maintain and legitimate social class inequality. – Religion is an ideological force which serves to reflect the ruling class interests and ideas. It gives people false hope and leads them in false directions in life.

What is the perspective of feminism on religion?

Feminists of faith argue that religion itself is not the core cause of misogyny, but rather that male-dominated religious traditions reflect broader structural inequalities that oppress and denigrate women.

Why is a feminist perspective important to the study of religion?

Feminist philosophy of religion is important to feminist and nonfeminist philosophy alike for providing a critical understanding of various religious concepts, beliefs, and rituals, as well as of religion as a cultural institution that defines, sanctions, and sometimes challenges gender roles and gender-inflected …

What religions are feminist?

Feminist theology is a movement found in several religions, including Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Neopaganism, Baháʼí Faith, Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and New Thought, to reconsider the traditions, practices, scriptures, and theologies of those religions from a feminist perspective.

Do feminists believe in religion?

Faced with religion, what’s a good feminist to do? Some strongly reject religion of all kinds as oppressive to women, while others celebrate faith as part of human diversity. Others try to forge a middle ground.

Who founded Calvinism?

Calvinism , the theology advanced by John Calvin, a Protestant reformer in the 16th century, and its development by his followers.

Can a Catholic be a feminist?

Catholic feminists regularly explained their feminism in terms of their commitment to a gospel mandate for social justice, liberation, and radical equality. They considered feminism to be a Christian principle.

Which religions are not patriarchal?

On the other extreme of the distribution, Buddhists, Jewish people and people with no religion held the least patriarchal attitudes, on average. While Hasidic Jews tend to hold to a patriarchal theology, they are a small proportion of Jews in Australia.

Who is beautiful religion in the world?

Islam-The Most Beautiful Religion.

What religion has a female God?

For example, Shaktism, the worship of the female force that animates the world, is one of the three major sects of Hinduism. Polytheist religions, including Polytheistic reconstructionists, honor multiple goddesses and gods, and usually view them as discrete, separate beings.