What is the name of the fallacy where the same term is used with different meanings at different times within an argument?
The fallacy of equivocation occurs when a key term or phrase in an argument is used in an ambiguous way, with one meaning in one portion of the argument and then another meaning in another portion of the argument. Examples: I have the right to watch “The Real World.” Therefore it’s right for me to watch the show.
What are everyday fallacies?
Fallacies are mistaken beliefs based on unsound arguments. They derive from reasoning that is logically incorrect, thus undermining an argument’s validity. Explore the different types of fallacies you can find through examples.
What is conflation fallacy?
As a logical fallacy, conflation differs from its standard dictionary entry in the implication that the combining of multiple parts is either unknown or done purposefully to confuse.
What is tautological fallacy?
The fallacy of using a definition that seems to be sharp and crisp, but is in fact tautological (but this is hidden, mostly unintentionally). The problem: the point at which a definition that was useful and very sharply defined becomes tautological is often not easily seen.
What is the strawman fallacy?
This fallacy occurs when, in attempting to refute another person’s argument, you address only a weak or distorted version of it. Straw person is the misrepresentation of an opponent’s position or a competitor’s product to tout one’s own argument or product as superior.
What is fallacy of Amphiboly?
The fallacy of amphiboly happens when someone uses grammar or punctuation in a way that a statement could be interpreted as having more than one meaning, so it is unclear what is really meant. Other names for the fallacy are the fallacy of ambiguity, misusing ambiguity, and the fallacy of unclearness.
What does conflating mean?
to bring together
Definition of conflate
transitive verb. 1a : to bring together : blend Even more often, outsiders conflate the couple, and credit them with each other’s characteristics.—
What is a non sequitur?
Definition of non sequitur
2 : a statement (such as a response) that does not follow logically from or is not clearly related to anything previously said We were talking about the new restaurant when she threw in some non sequitur about her dog.
What is a slippery slope fallacy?
slippery slope argument, in logic, the fallacy of arguing that a certain course of action is undesirable or that a certain proposition is implausible because it leads to an undesirable or implausible conclusion via a series of tenuously connected premises, each of which is understood to lead, causally or logically, to …
What is a Steelman?
A steel man is the practice of making someone’s argument stronger. This is the opposite of a straw man whereby you misrepresent your opponent’s position as being absurd or weak before offering a rebuttal. The following are illustrative examples of a steel man.
What is division fallacy?
A fallacy of division is an informal fallacy that occurs when one reasons that something that is true for a whole must also be true of all or some of its parts. An example: The second grade in Jefferson elementary eats a lot of ice cream.
What is appeal to pity fallacy?
Appeal to Pity (Ad Misericordiam) Description: The argument attempts to persuade by provoking irrelevant feelings of sympathy. Examples: “You should not find the defendant guilty of murder, since it would break his poor mother’s heart to see him sent to jail.”
Which type of fallacy is an appeal for persuasion based on higher authority or position?
Appeal to Authority (ad verecundiam) Fallacy
Making an appeal to an authority in an argument doesn’t make the argument correct. An appeal to authority can be correct, or incorrect, depending on the substance of the claim that’s at issue. There are experts (authorities) on opposing sides of court cases.
Which logical fallacy assumes that something is good right or desirable just because it is popular?
Bandwagon. This fallacy is also referred to as “appeal to majority” and “appeal to popularity,” using the old expression of “get on the bandwagon” to support an idea. Essentially, bandwagon is a fallacy that asserts that because something is popular (or seems to be), it is therefore good, correct, or desirable.
Is an assertion that something is or is not the case and is therefore the kind of utterance that is either true or false?
A statement (or claim) is an assertion that something is or is not the case and is therefore the kind of utterance that is either true or false. In an argument, the statement being supported is the conclusion, and the statements supporting the conclusion are the premise.
What does the word epistemology means?
epistemology, the philosophical study of the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge. The term is derived from the Greek epistēmē (“knowledge”) and logos (“reason”), and accordingly the field is sometimes referred to as the theory of knowledge.
What do you call with an arguments intended to give logically conclusive support to their conclusions so that if the premises are true the conclusion must be true?
Deductive argument: An argument that is supposed to offer logically conclusive support for its conclusion. Deductive arguments can be valid or invalid. A valid argument with true premises is said to be sound.
Which expression is a reflection of willed ignorance?
Which expression is a reflection of willed ignorance? “Nothing anyone can say will make me change my mind.”
What is willful ignorance?
Noun. willful ignorance (uncountable) (idiomatic, law) A decision in bad faith to avoid becoming informed about something so as to avoid having to make undesirable decisions that such information might prompt.
What is willful ignorance in philosophy?
So, we claim that willful ignorance, as the “general avoidance of situations that let someone aware of certain information, evidence, or knowledge” could better describe the kind of deliberate not-knowing enacted in these cases.
What is an example of willful ignorance?
Introduction: Some Examples of Willful Ignorance
I did not query him, I did not query Himmler, I did not query Hitler, I did not speak with personal friends. I did not investigate – for I did not want to know what was happening there …
What is willfulness?
: not accidental : done deliberately or knowingly and often in conscious violation or disregard of the law, duty, or the rights of others willful injury. Other Words from willful. willfully adverb. willfulness noun.
What is nelsonian knowledge?
Nelsonian knowledge (uncountable) (law) Knowledge which is attributed to a person who has engaged in willful ignorance of that knowledge and ought to have known it.
What does woefully ignorant mean?
1 expressing or characterized by sorrow. 2 bringing or causing woe. 3 pitiful; miserable.
What is meant by woebegone?
Definition of woebegone
1 : strongly affected with woe : woeful. 2a : exhibiting great woe, sorrow, or misery a woebegone expression. b : being in a sorry state woebegone tattered clothes.
What are Sinisters?
Definition of sinister
1 : singularly evil or productive of evil. 2 : accompanied by or leading to disaster.