Mill’s On Liberty: Democracy and Diversity?

What is Mill’s main argument in On Liberty?

Mill’s Liberty Principle[1] and the main thread of his argument is concerned with protecting the individual from the intrusion of society. Mill maintains that the individual has absolute right over his independence and that freedom to express this independence must be protected.

What was Mill’s famous quote?

A man who has nothing for which he is willing to fight, nothing which is more important than his own personal safety, is a miserable creature and has no chance of being free unless made and kept so by the exertions of better men than himself.

What is John Stuart Mill’s theory?

The ethical theory of John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) is most extensively articulated in his classical text Utilitarianism (1861). Its goal is to justify the utilitarian principle as the foundation of morals. This principle says actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote overall human happiness.

What did John Stuart Mill believe about government?

Mill thought that only constitutional limits on government power, a system of checks and balances, and a vigorous legal and political protection of basic rights could keep the “vultures” at bay.

What does Mill think about rights?

On Urmson’s interpretation, Mill is really saying that an action is right if it is a token of a type of act that tends to have good or optimal consequences, in which case the Proportionality Doctrine would espouse a form of rule utilitarianism.

Who is John Stuart Mill What are his big ideas?

John Stuart Mill was an English philosopher, economist, and exponent of utilitarianism. He was prominent as a publicist in the reforming age of the 19th century and remains of lasting interest as a logician and an ethical theorist.