Looking for references regarding the history of metaphysics, and specially of ontology?

What is metaphysics and ontology?

Metaphysics is an inquiry about the under lying essence of things and beings but ontology is the study of things and beings in their external forms .

What is the history of metaphysics?

The history of metaphysics in Western philosophy (taking “metaphysics” in the contemporary sense) began with speculations by the Ionian cosmologists in the sixth century BCE about the origin of the physical universe, the matter or stuff from which it is made, and the laws or uniformities everywhere present in nature.

Who discovered ontology?

The term is generally credited to the great Ionian mathematician, scientist, and religious mystic Pythagoras who lived circa 570 BCE. Parmenides, circa 500 BCE, is given credit for the first discussions on the ontological categorization of existence (though the dates are not entirely agreed upon).

Is ontology a branch of metaphysics?

Ontology – a central branch of metaphysics. Ontology is the study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and how they relate to each other. In simpler terms, ontology investigates what there is.

How are metaphysics and ontology different?

Ontology is the inquiry into what “is”, what exists. Metaphysics is the study of what “is” outside of the physical world – Ideas (in the Platonic sense), Forms (in the Aristotelian sense) and theological concepts such as souls, angels and gods.

What is an ontology?

In computer and information science, ontology is a technical term denoting an artifact that is designed for a purpose, which is to enable the modeling of knowledge about some domain, real or imagined.

When was an ontology invented?

in 1606. It entered general circulation after being popularized by the German rationalist philosopher Christian Wolff in his Latin writings, especially Philosophia Prima sive Ontologia (1730; “First Philosophy or Ontology”).

How many ontologies are there?

For Aristotle there are four different ontological dimensions: according to the various categories or ways of addressing a being as such.

What are the types of ontology?

Broadly speaking, three distinct ontological positions identified are realism, idealism and materialism (Snape & Spencer 2003).

What is the importance of ontology?

Ontology helps researchers recognize how certain they can be about the nature and existence of objects they are researching. For instance, what ‘truth claims’ can a researcher make about reality?

What is the meaning of metaphysics in philosophy?

Metaphysical – Longer definition: Metaphysics is a type of philosophy or study that uses broad concepts to help define reality and our understanding of it. Metaphysical studies generally seek to explain inherent or universal elements of reality which are not easily discovered or experienced in our everyday life.

What is an example of ontological?

An example of ontology is when a physicist establishes different categories to divide existing things into in order to better understand those things and how they fit together in the broader world.

What is another word for ontology?

In this page you can discover 21 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for ontology, like: the nature of being, philosophy of existence, metaphysics, ontology-based, cosmology, schemas, relational, semantics, domain-specific, hypermedia and object oriented.

What is metaphysics in philosophy with examples?

The definition of metaphysics is a field of philosophy that is generally focused on how reality and the universe began. An example of metaphysics is a study of God versus the Big Bang theory.

What’s another word for ontological?

What is another word for ontological?

philosophical metaphysical
supernatural transcendental
abstract theoretical
intellectual ideal
speculative notional

What is a synonym for metaphysics?

In this page you can discover 20 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for metaphysics, like: mysticism, cosmology, epistemology, ontology, philosophy, metaphysic, religion, aristotelian, metaphysical, kant and phenomenology.

What is a synonym for the word metaphysical?

transcendental, spiritual, supernatural, paranormal. extramundane, unearthly, ethereal, incorporeal. physical. thrutch.

What is the difference between ontology and epistemology?

Ontology is concerned with what is true or real, and the nature of reality. Epistemology is concerned with the nature of knowledge and different methods of gaining knowledge.

What are ontological beliefs?

Ontological beliefs. A specific belief about some aspect of reality (e.g., realism) Lincoln and Guba, 2000 [6. Y. S. Lincoln and E. G. Guba, “Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences,” in Handbook of Qualitative Research, N. K. .

What is the difference between epistemology and metaphysics?

Epistemology looks at how we know what the actual reality or truth is and are there are limits to this knowledge specially in terms of its validity, scope and methods, while metaphysics aims to get a thorough understanding about the nature of reality including abstract concepts (identity, time, space, being, knowing) …