The Formula of Humanity (FH) It examines Kant’s claims that a categorical imperative presupposes something of absolute value; that this must have the status of an end in itself, and that humanity or rational nature is the only thing that could meet this condition.
What is the Formula of humanity?
One formulation, often called the “Formula of Humanity” states: So act that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as a means. ( Kant 1785: 429, italics removed)
Why does Kant think that the Formula of universal law and the Formula of humanity are equivalent?
The answer is that Kant thought, roughly speaking, that the formula of universal law and the formula of humanity were just two ways of stating the same thing; that is, that they are two different ways of expressing a single moral law.
What does Kant mean by law?
Law is the means to our shared ends, and political authority is justified by reference to this instrumental advantage. Kant has sometimes been considered to offer a version of the instrumental account of political authority that has similarities to the accounts just mentioned.
What is the Formula of the law of nature?
The first and most famous formulation is sometimes called the Formula of the Law of Nature: “Act as if the maxim of your action were to become through your will a universal law of nature.” The wording of this is very close to that of the original statement of the categorical imperative.
What did Kant mean by the formula of humanity?
Kant’s Formula of Humanity reads: “So act that you use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as a means” (G 429). 1 By humanity, Kant here means rational nature, i.e. the capacity to set ends.
What is Kant’s theory?
Kant’s moral theory is often referred to as the “respect for persons” theory of morality. Kant calls his fundamental moral principle the Categorical Imperative. An imperative is just a command. The notion of a categorical imperative can be understood in contrast to that of a hypothetical imperative.
What is an example of Kant’s moral theory?
For example, if you hide an innocent person from violent criminals in order to protect his life, and the criminals come to your door asking if the person is with you, what should you do? Kantianism would have you tell the truth, even if it results in harm coming to the innocent person.
What is legal is not always moral by Kant?
Sometimes if something is legal, it is not always moral, in fact, there are many things in which this is true. For example, if someone wants an abortion, they have a right to because it is legal. However, this doesn’t mean it is the right or moral thing to do.
What does Kant argue?
Kant began his ethical theory by arguing that the only virtue that can be unqualifiedly good is a good will. No other virtue has this status because every other virtue can be used to achieve immoral ends (for example, the virtue of loyalty is not good if one is loyal to an evil person).
Does Kant believe God?
In a work published the year he died, Kant analyzes the core of his theological doctrine into three articles of faith: (1) he believes in one God, who is the causal source of all good in the world; (2) he believes in the possibility of harmonizing God’s purposes with our greatest good; and (3) he believes in human …
How is Kant’s theory related to the natural law?
d’Entrèves (an important historian of political thought), “Kant was indeed the most forceful exponent of natural law theory in modern days,” and as such he was also “the most coherent and persuasive critic” of legal positivism, according to which the moral authority of law derives entirely from the will of the …