Kant’s categorical imperative: What precisely is the nature of the maxim that is universalised?

What does Kant mean by a maxim by a categorical imperative?

One of Kant’s categorical imperatives is the universalizability principle, in which one should “act only in accordance with that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it become a universal law.” In lay terms, this simply means that if you do an action, then everyone else should also be able to do it.

What is Kant’s argument for the categorical imperative?

An argument for the categorical imperative: Kant argues that we must always value the rational capacity, whether in ourselves or in others. Here is one way to understand how he tries to get us to this conclusion. 1. Our ends have value because they serve our interests, likings, and needs.

What are the three maxims of the categorical imperative?

The Formula of the Kingdom of Ends: “So act as if you were through your maxims a law-making member of a kingdom of ends.” Never treat a person as a means to an end. Persons are always ends in themselves. We must never use or exploit anyone for whatever purpose.

What does Kant say about maxims?

Kant’s view is that we should act only according to the maxims that can be regarded as universal laws, that is, we should act only according to the maxims that all people would follow. This requirement of Kantian theory is known as the Categorical Imperative.

What is a maxim and what does it mean for a maxim to be Universalizable?

A maxim is the principle you give yourself when you are about to do something. It says what you plan to do and why you are doing it. Universalizability is the feature of a maxim that indicates every rational person can consistently act on it.

What is categorical imperative According to Kant quizlet?

What is the categorical imperative? The categorical imperative is the idea that you do something because it is your moral commands, and you are told to do them and they are not dependant on anything else. Kant said it will show if an action is being judged with pure reason.

What does Kant mean by maxim quizlet?

In Kant’s theory, a maxim is a(n) principle of action that one gives to oneself. According to Kant, an action is morally acceptable if and only if. its maxim is universalizable.

What it is for a maxim to be universalizable?

A maxim is universalizable if and only if you could effectively achieve your goal by acting on it in a world where everyone else was pursuing the same goal by acting similarly in similar circumstances.

What does it mean to universalize a maxim give an example?

For instance, one can determine whether a maxim of lying to secure a loan is moral by attempting to universalize it and applying reason to the results. If everyone lied to secure loans, the very practices of promising and lending would fall apart, and the maxim would then become impossible.

What does maxim mean in philosophy?

A maxim is a concise expression of a fundamental moral rule or principle, whether considered as objective or subjective contingent on one’s philosophy. A maxim is often pedagogical and motivates specific actions.

What is a maxim quizlet?

The maxim of an act is the principle on which one sees oneself as acting. To say that a maxim is universalizable is to say that one cannot rationally will that it should be a universal law.

What does the word categorical in the categorical imperative mean?

categorical imperative, in the ethics of the 18th-century German philosopher Immanuel Kant, founder of critical philosophy, a rule of conduct that is unconditional or absolute for all agents, the validity or claim of which does not depend on any desire or end.