Is there medical term for depression?

What is the medical term of depression?

Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed.

Are there any other names for depression?

In this Article

  • Major Depression.
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder.
  • Bipolar Disorder.
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  • Psychotic Depression.
  • Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression.
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
  • ‘Situational’ Depression.

Is anxiety a mental illness?

Anxiety disorders are the most common of mental disorders and affect nearly 30% of adults at some point in their lives. But anxiety disorders are treatable and a number of effective treatments are available. Treatment helps most people lead normal productive lives.

What is the medical term for depression and anxiety?

Overview. Persistent depressive disorder, also called dysthymia (dis-THIE-me-uh), is a continuous long-term (chronic) form of depression. You may lose interest in normal daily activities, feel hopeless, lack productivity, and have low self-esteem and an overall feeling of inadequacy.

Is clinical depression the same as major depression?

Clinical depression is the more-severe form of depression, also known as major depression or major depressive disorder. It isn’t the same as depression caused by a loss, such as the death of a loved one, or a medical condition, such as a thyroid disorder.

What are the 3 levels of depression?

Depression can be described as mild, moderate or severe; melancholic or psychotic (see below).

  • Melancholia. This is the term used to describe a severe form of depression where many of the physical symptoms of depression are present. …
  • Psychotic depression. …
  • Antenatal and postnatal depression.

What is the another word for depressed?

Depressed Synonyms – WordHippo Thesaurus.
What is another word for depressed?

sad unhappy
down gloomy
low melancholy
dejected glum
blue despondent

Is depression a lifelong condition?

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is potentially a long-term or even lifelong illness for many patients, and maintenance therapy is designed to prevent relapse in patients with recurrent depression who have achieved remission.

What are major causes of depression?

What Are the Main Causes of Depression?

  • Abuse. Physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can make you more vulnerable to depression later in life.
  • Age. People who are elderly are at higher risk of depression. …
  • Certain medications. …
  • Conflict. …
  • Death or a loss. …
  • Gender. …
  • Genes. …
  • Major events.

Is bipolar disorder a depression?

Bipolar disorder, formerly called manic depression, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities.

What are 5 signs of bipolar?

Symptoms – Bipolar disorder

  • feeling sad, hopeless or irritable most of the time.
  • lacking energy.
  • difficulty concentrating and remembering things.
  • loss of interest in everyday activities.
  • feelings of emptiness or worthlessness.
  • feelings of guilt and despair.
  • feeling pessimistic about everything.
  • self-doubt.

What do bipolar episodes look like?

Bipolar disorder can cause your mood to swing from an extreme high to an extreme low. Manic symptoms can include increased energy, excitement, impulsive behaviour, and agitation. Depressive symptoms can include lack of energy, feeling worthless, low self-esteem and suicidal thoughts.

What is manic episode?

The terms “mania” and “manic episode” describe a state of mind characterized by high energy, excitement, and euphoria over a sustained period of time. It’s an extreme change in mood and cognition that can interfere with school, work, or home life. Mania is also the main feature of bipolar disorder.

How do I know if I’m bipolar?

To have bipolar I, a person must experience manic episodes. In order for an event to be considered a manic episode, it must: include shifts in mood or behaviors that are unlike the person’s usual behavior. be present most of the day, nearly every day during the episode.

Is manic depression the same as bipolar?

Bipolar disorder (formerly called manic-depressive illness or manic depression) is a mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, concentration, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.

What are the 4 types of bipolar?

4 Types of Bipolar Disorder

  • Symptoms include:
  • Bipolar I. Bipolar I disorder is the most common of the four types. …
  • Bipolar II. Bipolar II disorder is characterized by the shifting between the less severe hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes.
  • Cyclothymic disorder. …
  • Unspecified bipolar disorder.

What are the signs of bipolar in a woman?

Bipolar disorder symptoms in females

  • feeling “high”
  • feeling jumpy or irritated.
  • having increased energy.
  • having elevated self-esteem.
  • feeling able to do anything.
  • experiencing reduced sleep and appetite.
  • talking faster and more than usual.
  • having rapid flights of ideas or racing thoughts.

What mental illness is similar to bipolar?

Mental disorders which may be commonly confused with bipolar disorder include Borderline Personality Disorder , Schizoaffective Disorder, Unipolar Depression, and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.

Are you born with bipolar?

Bipolar disorder is frequently inherited, with genetic factors accounting for approximately 80% of the cause of the condition. Bipolar disorder is the most likely psychiatric disorder to be passed down from family. If one parent has bipolar disorder, there’s a 10% chance that their child will develop the illness.

What can mimic bipolar disorder?

Some non-psychiatric illnesses, such as thyroid disease, lupus, HIV, syphilis, and other infections, may have signs and symptoms that mimic those of bipolar disorder. This can pose further challenges in making a diagnosis and determining the treatment.

At what age does bipolar disorder most frequently emerge?

People with bipolar experience high and low moods—known as mania and depression—which differ from the typical ups-and-downs most people experience. The average age-of-onset is about 25, but it can occur in the teens, or more uncommonly, in childhood.

How does bipolar begin?

People are sometimes diagnosed with bipolar following a stressful or traumatic event in their lives. These environmental triggers can include seasonal changes, holidays, and major life changes such as starting a new job, losing a job, going to college, family disagreements, marriage, or a death in the family.

What race is most affected by bipolar disorder?

Higher rates of depressive episodes were observed among whites, and these episodes occurred significantly earlier compared with African Americans and Latinos.