Is there any research into the effectiveness of the “Zettelkasten” (slip box) method of processing notes?

Is Zettelkasten useful?

The Zettelkasten method is good for when you want to: Systematically organize important information. Find information again, even years later. Develop your own ideas.

What is note slip in research?

The slip-box method, also called the Zettelkasten method, is an effective way to organize your notes. It encourages you to create connections between the individual notes, which supports your (creative) thinking and ultimately helps you move your (research) ideas forward.

How one German scholar was so freakishly productive?

Luhmann was extremely prolific. During his almost 40 years of research, he published more than 70 books and over 400 scholarly articles on a wide variety of subjects, connecting sociology with such diverse topics as biology, mathematics, cybernetics, and computer science.

How do you make Zettelkasten permanent notes?

“Write exactly one note for each idea and write as if you were writing for someone else. Use full sentences, disclose your sources, make references, and try to be as precise, clear, and brief as possible. “ Once you write an article or a book about a specific topic, you don’t start with a blank page.

Can I use Evernote for Zettelkasten?

My Zettelkasten is a single Evernote notebook where the notes are sorted by date of creation. There’s no need to number or organize notes, because you can use a note’s internal link to link notes together. You can also organize notes through tags and you can use Evernote’s search to look for the notes you want.

How do you use the Zettelkasten method?

Writing your first Zettelkasten note



Take fleeting notes, then literature notes. Use the first literature note you write as your first permanent note. After that, write every new permanent note with an eye towards how it fits in with what you already have. If it doesn’t, just add it as a new, standalone note.

What is the slip box method?


Form a zettel casten is a box filled with slips of paper on each slip is an idea notes about which other slips that idea is related to and keywords used for organizing the slips.

How do you take smart notes on Zettelkasten?

The 8 Steps of Taking Smart Notes

  1. Make fleeting notes.
  2. Make literature notes.
  3. Make permanent notes.
  4. Now add your new permanent notes to the slip-box.
  5. Develop your topics, questions and research projects bottom up from within the slip-box.
  6. Decide on a topic to write about from within the slip-box.

What is a box note?

Box Notes are simple word processor-type documents created directly in Box. They are useful for recording quick notes for yourself and can be shared with other people for easy collaboration.

What are literature notes in Zettelkasten?

A literature note is where you take individual concepts from your fleeting note and extract the core idea of one of those concepts into a single note. It is written in your own words and that shows you have understood of the idea conveyed. You will end up creating many literature notes from a single fleeting note.

What is a permanent note in Zettelkasten?

Permanent notes



These are the notes that are added to your Zettelkasten, written in complete sentences and in your own words. Maybe this sounds intimidating, but it doesn’t need to be an essay. In fact, we’re meant to add only one idea per note.

What are reference notes Zettelkasten?

Reference notes are the original text that resonated with you. Other than being useful for citation, capturing them can also give context to what you were thinking, should you return to your notes at a later time.

What are literature notes?

Literature notes are typically a lightweight synthesis of observations collected while reading (see How to collect observations while reading).

How do I use Obsidian for Zettelkasten?

Click Create new Zettelkasten note on the left panel to create a permanent note. Next, open an existing fleeting or literature note.



Create a Permanent Slip-box Note

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Click Core plugins.
  3. Toggle on the Zettelkasten prefixer plugin.


How do you take notes in literature?

Helpful tips

  1. Write notes in your own words instead of copying down information from the book.
  2. Avoid over-highlighting. …
  3. Wait until the end of a page to take notes so that you can better focus on what you are reading and so that you can try to summarize in your own words rather than copy.

What is the most effective strategy for note taking?

Strategies for taking good lecture notes

  • Take well-organized notes in outline form. …
  • Take notes in complete thoughts, but abbreviate, reduce, and simplify. …
  • Separate and label the notes for each class. …
  • Make your notes easy to read. …
  • Be an aggressive note taker. …
  • Start taking notes when the professor starts talking.

How do you take notes effectively?

How do I take better notes?

  1. Repetition, repetition, repetition. …
  2. Pictures are easier to remember than words so if you’re short on time, draw an image.
  3. If you like to colour code, don’t do it during initial note-taking.
  4. Write short, succinct sentences.
  5. Save time and use abbreviations and symbols.

How do you take effective notes from a textbook?

How to take notes from a textbook: 10 top tips

  1. Understand what you need to know from the textbook. …
  2. Create an outline of the textbook. …
  3. Skim for important information. …
  4. Paraphrase the content into your own words. …
  5. Read a section and write your notes from memory. …
  6. Don’t forget graphs and charts. …
  7. Check your notes for any errors.

How do you use textbooks effectively?

Follow these four easy steps to get on your way.

  1. Don’t read front to back (aka, READ BACKWARDS) Reading a textbook chapter front to back ensures that you will waste time. …
  2. Read for Big Ideas. Textbooks are extremely thorough. …
  3. Read for Key Details. Big Ideas need support. …
  4. Read the book once but your notes multiple times.


Is taking notes from textbook a waste of time?

Do not take notes or highlight as you read; this tends to break up your flow and diminish your understanding. It also isn’t very productive, because you don’t know if the first sentence is worth taking notes on until after you have read the third sentence, which might be the real point of the paragraph.

How do you take notes in a research article?

Read one section at a time, reflect on what you read, and don’t get too bogged down with details. Search for the main ideas and supporting details. Keep reading! Recite and recall the information by summarizing and paraphrasing.

How do you read a research paper effectively?

Step-by-Step Instructions for Reading a Primary Research Article

  1. Begin by reading the introduction, not the abstract. …
  2. Identify the big question. …
  3. Summarize the background in five sentences or less. …
  4. Identify the specific question(s). …
  5. Identify the approach. …
  6. Read the methods section. …
  7. Read the results section.

How do you keep your research notes organized?

Organize your Notes



After you take notes, re-read them. Then re-organize them by putting similar information together. Working with your notes involves re-grouping them by topic instead of by source. Re-group your notes by re-shuffling your index cards or by color-coding or using symbols to code notes in a notebook.

How important is note taking in the research process?

Taking notes helps keep track of read/consumed literary material as well as keeps a file of any information that may be of importance to the topic. The aim of writing isn’t merely to advertise fully formed opinions, but also serves the purpose of developing opinions worth sharing in the first place.

Is note taking effective research?

Research on notetaking indicates that taking notes in class and review- ing those notes (either in class or afterward) have a positive impact on student learning. Not surprisingly, the preponderance of studies confirms that students recall more lecture material if they record it in their notes (Bligh, 2000).

Is note taking effective?

Actively taking notes during class can help you focus and better understand main concepts. In many classes, you may be asked to watch an instructional video before a class discussion. Good note-taking will improve your active listening, comprehension of material, and retention.