The doctrine that at least certain ideas (e.g., those of God, infinity, substance) must be innate, because no satisfactory empirical origin of them could be conceived, flourished in the 17th century and found in René Descartes its most prominent exponent.
What are some examples of innate ideas?
From a Kantian perspective, space/time, causality, even mathematics to a degree are innate ideas. They are prior to experience and are the principles of cognition.
What are the examples of Descartes innate ideas?
Among the ideas Descartes took to be innate were the existence of the self: cogito ergo sum [I think, therefore I am], the existence of God, and some logical propositions like, from nothing comes nothing.
What are innate ideas according to Locke?
Even though John Locke rejected the theory of innate idea, he somehow falls into a kind of contradiction. According to him, all the ideas come from sensation. John Locke thinks that at the birth, the mind is empty as a white paper. Through our senses ideas are conveyed into the mind.
Why does Locke think there are no innate ideas?
Locke offers another argument against innate knowledge, asserting that human beings cannot have ideas in their minds of which they are not aware, so that people cannot be said to possess even the most basic principles until they are taught them or think them through for themselves.
Who said all ideas are innate?
Known to most of us, Plato is credited as one of the founders of philosophical thought. Living in ancient Greece, he postulated all sorts of theories on reality and knowledge. One of his most famous theories is the existence of innate ideas.
Are humans born with innate ideas?
Although individual human beings vary in many ways (culturally, racially, linguistically, and so on), innate ideas are the same for everyone everywhere. For example, the philosopher René Descartes theorized that knowledge of God is innate in everybody. Philosophers such as Descartes and Plato were rationalists.
Is God innate idea?
In Descartes’ analysis of his idea of God, he discovers that it is innate, since it is neither adventitious nor factitious. It is not adventitious (or sensory), since he has had no sensory experiences of God (i.e., he has never seen, heard, felt, smelt, or tasted God).