What is divine foreknowledge in philosophy?
God’s foreknowledge is based on God’s middle knowledge. And God’s middle knowledge is knowledge of what agents would do freely (in the incompatibilist sense) in such-and-such circumstances. So, God knows what you will freely do.
Can a being be omniscient?
A being who is omnipotent and omniscient has no desires because, being omniscient, they know all their own desires from now until infinity, and being omnipotent, they can grant those within the first “instant” of their existence.
What does divine omniscience mean?
having knowledge of everything
Omniscience is an attribute having to do with knowledge; it is the attribute of “having knowledge of everything.” Many philosophers consider omniscience to be an attribute possessed only by a divine being, such as the God of Western monotheism.
What is the Epicurean paradox?
The Epicurean paradox or riddle of Epicurus or Epicurus’ trilemma is a version of the problem of evil.
Can omniscience and free will coexist?
The argument from free will, also called the paradox of free will or theological fatalism, contends that omniscience and free will are incompatible and that any conception of God that incorporates both properties is therefore inconceivable.
What are the 4 Omni words?
Omnipotence, Omniscience, and Omnipresence.
What’s the difference between omniscient and omnipotent?
The main difference between the terms is their meaning. “Omniscient” basically means “all knowledge” while “omnipotent” means “all-powerful.” 5. Both words are used in the Christian context, mostly regarding God.
What is omnipresent omnipotent omniscient?
Omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent is the description used by theologians to define God’s universal presence. Learn the definition of these descriptions in monotheistic religions and explore an overview of their place in theology. Updated: 09/17/2021.
Is omniscience a paradox?
Omnipotence is only one of the attributes of God which has been thought to lead to paradox; another is omniscience. Omniscience seems, at first glance, easy to define: for a being to be omniscient is for that being to know all the truths.
What are the three Theodicies?
The basic approaches to theodicy can be said to take three forms: logical/deductive, evidential/inductive, and existential.
What is fatalism philosophy?
fatalism, the attitude of mind which accepts whatever happens as having been bound or decreed to happen. Such acceptance may be taken to imply belief in a binding or decreeing agent.
What is the problem of divine foreknowledge?
The Problem: If God knows, then He knows EVERYTHING. But, then, God even knows what will happen tomorrow, or next year, or one thousand years from now. Furthermore, an omniscient being is never wrong. It follows that whatever God KNOWS will happen in the future WILL happen in the future.
What is simple foreknowledge?
3. “Simple Foreknowledge” is a good name for the combination of Libertarian Foreknowledge and the rejection of Molinism: God did not know CFs about free creatures, at least not in such a way that they could be used to explain why he chose to create particular individuals and put them in their actual circumstances.
What does God’s divine providence mean?
God’s providence is God’s caring provision for his people as he guides them in their journey of faith through life, accomplishing his purpose in them. God’s mission is to save people and shape them to be more like Jesus.
What does the divine command theory state?
Divine Command Theory includes the claim that morality is ultimately based on the commands or character of God, and that the morally right action is the one that God commands or requires.
What is the opposite of divine command theory?
As an alternative to divine command theory, Linda Zagzebski has proposed divine motivation theory, which still fits into a monotheistic framework. According to this theory, goodness is determined by God’s motives, rather than by what he commands.
What is wrong with divine command theory?
An argument often used against divine command theory is the problem of abhorrent acts. Divine command supports the possibility of God being able to command abhorrent acts if He so chooses, which would mean (for example) that murder, rape, and genocide would be morally acceptable.
What does a utilitarian belief?
Utilitarians believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things (such as pain and unhappiness).
What is the meaning of kantianism?
Kantianism is defined as a branch of philosophy that follows the works of Immanuel Kant who believed that rational beings have dignity and should be respected. A philosophy of rational morality including God and freedom, based on the works of Kant, is an example of Kantianism.
What is kantianism vs utilitarianism?
The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. Both Kantianism and utilitarianism are ethical theories that express the ethical standard of an action.
What is the opposite of utilitarianism?
Deontology is exactly the opposite of utilitarianism when it comes to the explanations of its concepts. Deontology does not believe in the concept of ‘the end justifies the means’. On the other hand, it says ‘the end does not justify the means. ‘ This is the main difference between utilitarianism and deontology.
What’s the opposite of teleology?
In the classical notion, teleology is grounded in the inherent nature of things themselves, whereas in consequentialism, teleology is imposed on nature from outside by the human will.
What is a Kantian Deontologist?
Deontology is an ethical theory that uses rules to distinguish right from wrong. Deontology is often associated with philosopher Immanuel Kant. Kant believed that ethical actions follow universal moral laws, such as “Don’t lie. Don’t steal. Don’t cheat.”
What is the difference between utilitarian and deontology?
Utilitarianism and deontology are two known ethical systems. 2. Utilitarianism revolves around the concept of “the end justifies the means,” while deontology works on the concept “the end does not justify the means.”
What are the 4 ethical theories?
Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues.
What is Principlism theory?
Principlism. Principlism is a commonly used ethical approach in healthcare and biomedical sciences. It emphasises four key ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice, which are shared by most ethical theories, and blends these with virtues and practical wisdom.