What is entrainment in psychology?
Entrainment refers to an individual’s chronobiological, physical, and behavioral relationship with their environment. Specifically, this refers to an individual’s physical and mental adaptation to the time zone in which they live.
What is entrainment in the body?
In simple terms, it describes the way the body gradually syncs with either a biological or external rhythm. The key thing about entrainment is that it can happen unconsciously. For example, when dancing you might be trying to move to the beat, but you might not realise that your breathing rate will also be syncing up.
Why is entrainment important?
Entrainment helps organisms maintain an adaptive phase relationship with the environment as well as prevent drifting of a free running rhythm. This stable phase relationship achieved is thought to be the main function of entrainment.
What are examples of entrainment?
An oak leaf flitting through the air on a breezy fall day doesn’t move faster or slower than the wind pushing it along. It flies at the same speed as the wind gusts. This is a basic example of entrainment in nature.
Who discovered entrainment?
physicist Christiaan Huygens
Entrainment is a concept first identified by the Dutch physicist Christiaan Huygens in 1665 who discovered the phenomenon during an experiment with pendulum clocks: He set them each in motion and found that when he returned the next day, the sway of their pendulums had all synchronized.
What is rhythmic entrainment?
Rhythmic Entrainment in music therapy is a specialized practice used to assist in helping people become more “in tune” to their own rhythm and the rhythms of the world around them.
What is Zeitgeber biology?
Zeitgeber means environmental time cues such as sunlight, alarm clocks, or social interaction that helps trigger an organism to entrainment to a 24-hour cycle.