Is God a metaphysical necessity?
Necessity in theology
While many theologians (e.g. Anselm of Canterbury, René Descartes, and Gottfried Leibniz) considered God to be a logically or metaphysically necessary being, Richard Swinburne argued for factual necessity, and Alvin Plantinga argues that God is a causally necessary being.
What is a metaphysical possibility?
Metaphysical possibility ought to mean a possibility of existence, nearly a potentiality; but the phrase does not seem to be used in that sense, but rather in the sense of possibility by supernatural power.
What is the notion of necessity?
an imperative requirement or need for something: the necessity for a quick decision. the state or fact of being necessary or inevitable: to face the necessity of testifying in court. an unavoidable need or compulsion to do something: not by choice but by necessity.
Why do we need metaphysics?
Metaphysics adds a level of conceptual rigor and clarity that can only improve the steadfastness of our knowledge: it is not here to compete with or replace any other fields, it is here as a necessary supplement to them in our quest for truth about reality.
What does it mean that God is a necessary being?
The notion of necessary being, applied to God and withheld from man, indicates that God and man differ not merely in the characteristics which they possess but more fundamentally, in their modes of being, or in the fact that they exist in different senses of the word ‘exist’.
What is necessary and necessity?
Ans: Necessity is a noun which means ‘a thing that is needed’. Necessary is an adjective which means ‘needed’.
What is an example of necessity?
Examples of necessity in a Sentence
Sunscreen is an absolute necessity for the beach. food, clothes, and other basic necessities Getting plenty of rest is a necessity. Without a car, living close to work is a necessity. All we took with us on our hiking trip were the bare necessities.
What is the meaning of necessity in philosophy?
necessity, in logic and metaphysics, a modal property of a true proposition whereby it is not possible for the proposition to be false and of a false proposition whereby it is not possible for the proposition to be true.
What is a necessary existence?
In Christianity: The ontological argument. This hinges upon “necessary existence,” a property with even higher value than “existence.” A being that necessarily exists cannot coherently be thought not to exist. And so God, as the unsurpassably perfect being, must have necessary existence—and therefore must exist.
What does it mean to exist necessarily?
A thing exists necessarily if however things had been, it would still have existed. The standard candidates include such abstract entities as numbers, and in religious thought, God.
Can there be more than one necessary being?
Necessary existence cannot be limited to possible existence. Thus, there can only be one existing being which is necessary through itself. Ibn Sina says that every aspect of that which necessarily exists is necessary.
Why can there be only one necessary being?
There is only one necessary being because there is only one concept of “necessari-ness,” to which the necessary being belongs, by virtue of its being “necessary,” and in which it logically and ontologically partakes.
Is God an abstract object?
According to Theism, God exists; according to Nominalism, there are no abstract objects; so, according to what we should call Theistic Nominalism, God exists but no abstract objects exist.
What are the three Theodicies?
The basic approaches to theodicy can be said to take three forms: logical/deductive, evidential/inductive, and existential.
What are the four Theodicies?
the Plotinian theodicy, named after Plotinus. the Augustinian theodicy, which Hick based on the writings of Augustine of Hippo. the Irenaean theodicy, which Hick developed, based on the thinking of St. Irenaeus.
What are the different Theisms?
Types of theism
- Pantheism and panentheism.
- Value-judgment theisms.