Is infinite regress necessity or possibility?
Aristotle. Aristotle argued that knowing does not necessitate an infinite regress because some knowledge does not depend on demonstration: Some hold that owing to the necessity of knowing the primary premises, there is no scientific knowledge. Others think there is, but that all truths are demonstrable.
Can you have an infinite regress?
An infinite regress is a series of appropriately related elements with a first member but no last member, where each element leads to or generates the next in some sense. An infinite regress argument is an argument that makes appeal to an infinite regress.
What is wrong with an infinite regress?
The fallacy of Infinite Regress occurs when this habit lulls us into accepting an explanation that turns out to be itterative, that is, the mechanism involved depends upon itself for its own explanation.
Can there be infinite causes?
cause of itself, it would be prior to itself Nothing is prior to itself. A chain of causes cannot be infinite. to take away the cause is to take away the effect. Therefore, if there be no first cause among efficient causes, there will be no ultimate, nor any intermediate, cause.
What does the phrase necessary existence mean?
A thing has necessary existence if. it would have existed no matter what, if it would have existed under any possible. circumstances. An equivalent definition is this: A thing has necessary existence if. its non-existence would have been impossible.
Is an infinite regress absurd?
As seen in the example given to us by Aristotle, regress arguments can be constructive; that is, they are used as justifications for belief. For Aristotle, infinite regression presents as something absurd.
Can there be more than one necessary existence?
Necessary existence cannot be limited to possible existence. Thus, there can only be one existing being which is necessary through itself. Ibn Sina says that every aspect of that which necessarily exists is necessary.
Why is God the necessary being?
The notion of necessary being, applied to God and withheld from man, indicates that God and man differ not merely in the characteristics which they possess but, more funda- mentally, in their modes of being, or in the fact that they exist in different senses of the word ‘exist’.
What does metaphysically necessary mean?
Summary. If something could not have been otherwise, no matter how the world had turned out, that thing is metaphysically necessary.
What is necessity and contingency?
A necessary truth is one that could not have been otherwise. It would have been true under all circumstances. A contingent truth is one that is true, but could have been false.
What is the difference between logical necessity and physical necessity?
Nomological necessity is necessity according to the laws of physics and logical necessity is necessity according to the laws of logic, while metaphysical necessities are necessary in the sense that the world could not possibly have been otherwise.
What is necessary existence in philosophy?
This hinges upon “necessary existence,” a property with even higher value than “existence.” A being that necessarily exists cannot coherently be thought not to exist. And so God, as the unsurpassably perfect being, must have necessary existence—and therefore must exist.
What is an example of a necessary being?
A necessary being is a concrete entity that cannot fail to exist. An example of such a being might be the God of classical theism or the universe of necessitarians.
What are the three main arguments for the existence of God?
There is certainly no shortage of arguments that purport to establish God’s existence, but ‘Arguments for the existence of God’ focuses on three of the most influential arguments: the cosmological argument, the design argument, and the argument from religious experience.
What is the principle of sufficient reason in philosophy?
The Principle of Sufficient Reason is a powerful and controversial philosophical principle stipulating that everything must have a reason, cause, or ground. This simple demand for thoroughgoing intelligibility yields some of the boldest and most challenging theses in the history of philosophy.
How philosophy can be a principle of sufficient reason and non contradiction?
Philosophy can be a system of sufficient or non-existent reasons: The principle of reason enough states that everything should have a cause or a cause. The goal was stated and made clear by Gottfried and many precursors and was re-used and developed by Arthur Schopenhauer and Sir William Hamilton, 9th Baronet.
Which of the following explains nothing exists without a sufficient reason for its being and existence?
Answer. Explanation: The principle of sufficient reason tells us that nothing exists without a sufficient reason. Every being must have a sufficient reason for its being and existence.