What did Anscombe believe?
Anscombe was a devout Catholic. She opposed abortion, contraception, gay sex, and gay marriage. Her view of abortion was not that it was murder but that it was either murder or something very nearly as bad as murder.
Who did Anscombe criticize?
In addition to criticizing her contemporaries, she brusquely and perhaps uncharitably attacks Butler, Hume, Kant, Bentham, and Mill. One might sometimes guess that Anscombe is complaining about her colleagues because they favor new radical ideas, preferring philosophy that leaves everything in its place.
What did Elizabeth Anscombe do?
Anscombe or Elizabeth Anscombe, was a British philosopher. She wrote on the philosophy of mind, action, logic, language, and ethics. Anscombe’s 1958 article “Modern Moral Philosophy” introduced the term consequentialism into the language of analytic philosophy, and had a strong influence on contemporary virtue ethics.
Who revitalized virtue ethics in the 1950s?
Philippa Ruth Foot FBA (/ˈfɪlɪpə ˈfʊt/; née Bosanquet; 3 October 1920 – ) was an English philosopher and one of the founders of contemporary virtue ethics, who was inspired by the ethics of Aristotle.
Is Philippa Foot a utilitarian?
Utilitarianism is a particular form of Consequentialism, and as such it is radically flawed; depending as it does on a vacuous use of expressions such as ‘best state of affairs.
What is Phronesis in ethics?
In the ethical treatise On Virtues and Vices (sometimes attributed to Aristotle), phronesis is characterized as the “wisdom to take counsel, to judge the goods and evils and all the things in life that are desirable and to be avoided, to use all the available goods finely, to behave rightly in society, to observe due
What is consequentialist moral reasoning?
Consequentialist Moral Reasoning- locates morality in the consequences of an act (in the state of the world that will result from the thing you do). This is the basis for the philosophy known as utilitarianism. (See Jeremy Bentham’s Principles of Morals and Legislation) and John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism.)
What does Aristotle say is the ultimate good for human beings?
For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).
What is the principle of consequentialism?
Consequentialism is a theory that says whether something is good or bad depends on its outcomes. An action that brings about more benefit than harm is good, while an action that causes more harm than benefit is not. The most famous version of this theory is utilitarianism.
What did Philippa Foot argue about?
In a trio of early articles, Foot argues against then prevailing views on the nature of moral judgments and sketches an alternative positive view. The views she argued against were known as emotivism and prescriptivism, both versions of noncognitivism.
What is Emotivism theory?
emotivism, In metaethics (see ethics), the view that moral judgments do not function as statements of fact but rather as expressions of the speaker’s or writer’s feelings.
What virtue does Philippa Foot identify as benefiting community rather than self?
Which virtue does Philippa Foot identify as benefiting community rather than self? The virtue of courage should enable one to face danger. The end to which all things aim.
What does Philippa Foot say about wisdom?
Foot believes that wisdom is both an intellectual and a moral virtue; it is both a state of mind and a determination of character. It deals with both knowing something and willing something.
How does Foot distinguish the virtues of justice and charity?
How does Foot distinguish the virtues of justice and charity? Foot distinguished the virtues of justice and charity. Justice has to do with what men owe each other in the way of noninterference and positive service, while charity on the other hand is the virtue in which attaches us to the good of others.
What way does Foot think virtues are corrective?
What does Philippa Foot mean by saying that the virtues are corrective? Virtues compensate for common temptations or deficiencies in human nature.
What are vices and virtues?
A vice is a bad or undesirable character trait. The opposite of a vice is a virtue, which is a good or desirable character trait. For example, honesty is a virtue and dishonesty is a vice. There are many vices.
What does the virtue of understanding mean?
Understanding is what Aquinas calls an “intellectual” virtue, i.e., an excellent quality of the thinking part of our minds that allows us to think or reason well in a particular sense.