Introduction Modal Logic with emphasis on metaphysics – free will particularly – and also mathematical logic?

What is metaphysics and logic?

Metaphysics is the universal science of the real. Logic is the science of the science of the real.

What is the meaning of modal logic?

Modal logic is a collection of formal systems developed to represent statements about necessity and possibility. It plays a major role in philosophy of language, epistemology, metaphysics, and natural language semantics.

Is modal logic mathematical?

Mathematics is one of modal logic’s oldest application areas. There are two major ideas that dominate the landscape of modal logic application in mathematics: Gödel’s provability semantics and Tarski’s topological semantics.

What is modal logic with example?

Even in modal logic, one may wish to restrict the range of possible worlds which are relevant in determining whether ◻A is true at a given world. For example, I might say that it is necessary for me to pay my bills, even though I know full well that there is a possible world where I fail to pay them.

What is metaphysics and example?

The definition of metaphysics is a field of philosophy that is generally focused on how reality and the universe began. An example of metaphysics is a study of God versus the Big Bang theory. noun.

What is the study of metaphysics?

Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that examines the fundamental nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, between substance and attribute, and between potentiality and actuality.

What is the importance of metaphysics?

Metaphysics provides a base for educational thought by establishing knowledge, truths and values, as ontological realities whose nature must be understood to understand its place in educational matters.

What is another name for metaphysics?

In this page you can discover 20 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for metaphysics, like: mysticism, cosmology, epistemology, ontology, philosophy, metaphysic, religion, aristotelian, metaphysical, kant and phenomenology.

What is the focus of metaphysics?

Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that studies the fundamental nature of reality, the first principles of being, identity and change, space and time, causality, necessity, and possibility.

What are the types of metaphysics?

Peirce divided metaphysics into (1) ontology or general metaphysics, (2) psychical or religious metaphysics, and (3) physical metaphysics.

What is the nature of metaphysics?

METAPHYSICS Is BoRN Nature of judgment. ” The intellect,” says Aquinas, ” has two operations, one called ‘ the understanding of indivisibles ‘ by which it knows ‘ what ‘ a thing is; and another by which it composes and divides, that is to say, by forming affirmative and negative enunciations.

What are branches of metaphysics?

The three core branches of metaphysics are ontology, natural theology, and universal science.

Is math a metaphysics?

Platonism about mathematics (or mathematical platonism) is the metaphysical view that there are abstract mathematical objects whose existence is independent of us and our language, thought, and practices. Just as electrons and planets exist independently of us, so do numbers and sets.

Who is the father of metaphysics?


Parmenides is the father of metaphysics. Parmenides is a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher whose work survives today in fragments.

Who created metaphysics?

Metaphysics has signified many things in the history of philosophy, but it has not strayed far from a literal reading of “beyond the physical.” The term was invented by the 1st-century BCE head of Aristotle’s Peripatetic school, Andronicus of Rhodes.

What is the history of metaphysics?

The history of metaphysics in Western philosophy (taking “metaphysics” in the contemporary sense) began with speculations by the Ionian cosmologists in the sixth century BCE about the origin of the physical universe, the matter or stuff from which it is made, and the laws or uniformities everywhere present in nature.

Who first used the word metaphysics?

The concept metaphysics originates from the Greek words τά μετά τά ϕυσιχά, which is the name of a work by Aristotle. There is a traditional explanation of this name which has been universally accepted.

Who first used the term metaphysical?

Literary critic and poet Samuel Johnson first coined the term ‘metaphysical poetry’ in his book Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets (1179-1781).

What is the meaning of the word metaphysical?

Derived from the Greek meta ta physika (“after the things of nature”); referring to an idea, doctrine, or posited reality outside of human sense perception. In modern philosophical terminology, metaphysics refers to the studies of what cannot be reached through objective studies of material reality.

Why John Donne is called metaphysical poet?

Donne (1572 – 1631) was the most influential metaphysical poet. His personal relationship with spirituality is at the center of most of his work, and the psychological analysis and sexual realism of his work marked a dramatic departure from traditional, genteel verse.