In Plato’s Symposium, what are the similarities and differences between Phaedrus’s speech and Socrates’s/Diotima’s?

What is Diotima’s speech about?

Diotima’s teachings

Diotima began with saying that if a man is normal, he will naturally fall in love with one particular beautiful body. Then, he must consider the similarities of the beauty in different bodies. If he understands that all bodies are beautiful he will become a lover of all bodies, not just one.

What is Eros in the Symposium?

In Socrates’s speech, in particular, eros goes beyond a passionate interpersonal love, like that celebrated by Pausanias and Aristophanes, to refer to human desire more broadly, culminating in the lover of wisdom’s search for eternal goodness and Beauty.

What is Eros According to Plato?

In Plato, eros is a spiritual energy initially, which then “falls” downward; whereas in Freud eros is a physical energy which is “sublimated” upward. The philosopher and sociologist Herbert Marcuse appropriated the Freudian concept of eros for his highly influential 1955 work Eros and Civilization.

Which speaker at the Symposium describes Eros as the desire for your other half so that you can be whole again?


Love is the desire we have to find our other half, in order to become whole. Agathon follows Aristophanes, and his speech sees Eros as youthful, beautiful, and wise; and as the source of all human virtues.

Is Eros and Cupid the same?

Eros was the Greek god of carnal love. In Latin he is called Amor (love) or Cupid (desire). Eros was the assistant, and according to some the son, of Aprhodite, the goddess of love and fertility. He made people fall in love by shooting an arrow into their heart.

What does Plato say about love in the symposium?

In the dialogue, Plato, vis-a-vis Socrates, argued the highest love is the philosopher’s love of the truth, contained in the Forms. This love of the truth is what distinguishes the philosopher. This is what is known as Platonic Love: a love that unites souls by uniting them with the truth.

What is the difference between Eros and Aphrodite?

Due to Eros’ status as one of the first gods, he would be seen as a more base form of desire and sex as opposed to Aphrodite’s form of courtship that leads to romantic sex.

Is Cupid a boy or girl?


In classical Greek and Roman art, Cupid (Eros) is a slender, winged young boy, but later artistic depictions of the god show him starting to eat more Souvlaki and getting increasingly chubbier.

Why is Eros blind?

Out of love and desperation she accomplishes everything and gets to see Cupid and discovers that he is blind because of her oil spill.

Who was the ugliest god?


Hephaestus. Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father. He is the only god to be physically ugly.

Who is Eros wife?


Psyche was the goddess of the soul and the wife of Eros, the god of love. She was actually equally beautiful or even more beautiful than Aphrodite!

Which god fell in love with a human?

The myth around the god of love, Eros. His mother was goddess Aphrodite and his love was Psyche. He was hurt by his own arrows and fell in love for a mortal girl…

Is there a god of death?

Thanatos, in ancient Greek religion and mythology, the personification of death. Thanatos was the son of Nyx, the goddess of night, and the brother of Hypnos, the god of sleep.

Who is the god of heartbreak?

In Greek mythology, Oizys (/ˈoʊɪzɪs/; Ancient Greek: Ὀϊζύς, romanized: Oïzýs) is the goddess of misery, anxiety, grief, and depression. Her Roman name is Miseria, from which the English word misery is derived.

Who were Ares lovers?

Ares, not always a warrior, was a lover as well. He was known for being the lover of Aphrodite aka Venus, shown with him here, who was married to Hephaestus aka Vulcan, the God of Fire. Seen here with his shield on the ground, Ares is embracing Aphrodite.

Who did Ares sleep with?

ARES The god of war had a long love affair with Aphrodite which lasted for the duration of her marriage to Hephaistos and beyond. She bore him four divine sons: Eros, Anteros, Deimos, Phobos; and a daughter: Harmonia.

What color was Ares hair?

Appearance. Ares has long red hair, brown eyes, light tan skin and a strong, muscular build.

Did Ares ever marry?

Ares was never married, but he fell in love with Aphrodite, the goddess of love. Aphrodite was married to Hephaestus, the god of fire and metalworking.

Is there a god of blood?

History. Nitäl is the God of Blood, an avatar of destruction and woe leftover from a bygone world. Nitäl was imprisoned outside of Creation by unknown forces, but the Blood God eventually managed to whisper to Creation’s denizens, corrupting them with promises of power.

Did Ares and Aphrodite have a child?

Aphrodite had three children by Ares. Their sons, Phobus (Panic) and Deimus (Fear), became Ares’ constant companions, driving his chariot on the battlefield. Their daughter Harmonia (Harmony) fell in love with the mortal Cadmus, who served her father for eight years to atone for killing a dragon sacred to Ares.