What is the main idea of consequentialism?
Consequentialism is a theory that says whether something is good or bad depends on its outcomes. An action that brings about more benefit than harm is good, while an action that causes more harm than benefit is not. The most famous version of this theory is utilitarianism.
How do you protect your consequentialism?
The remaining arguments for consequentialism given here, like the argument from love, do not speak merely of “good consequences overall.” Rather they defend consequentialism by defending the importance of some particular kind of consequence, such as happiness, the satisfaction of desire, or the well-being of people.
What is an argument against consequentialism?
Consequentialism does not demand a sharp distinction between acts (or whatever else is taken to be the primary subject of moral evaluation) and consequences. Consequentialists, for example, can define right and wrong in terms of the good and the harm one will cause both in acting and through one’s acts.
What is consequentialism in simple terms?
Consequentialism is an ethical theory that judges whether or not something is right by what its consequences are. For instance, most people would agree that lying is wrong. But if telling a lie would help save a person’s life, consequentialism says it’s the right thing to do.
Under what scenario would a consequentialist defend the act of stealing?
Under what scenario could a consequentialist defend the act of stealing? If a person steals for a right cause then it is not an issue because ends justifies the means.
How do you use consequentialism?
A consequentialist would say that killing X is justified because it would result in only 1 person dying, rather than 10 people dying. A non-consequentialist would say it is inherently wrong to murder people and refuse to kill X, even though not killing X leads to the death of 9 more people than killing X.
What is an objection to consequentialism?
Another objection is that the calculations that consequentialism demands are too complicated to make, especially if—as in many but not all versions of consequentialism—they require one to compare the happiness or preferences of many different people.
What does consequentialism mean in ethics?
Consequentialism = whether an act is morally right depends only on consequences (as opposed to the circumstances or the intrinsic nature of the act or anything that happens before the act).
What is the most common objection to rule consequentialism?
Call a version of rule consequentialism that is not immediately vulnerable to three standard objections “sophisticated rule consequentialism.” The standard objections are (1) rule consequentialism is guilty of rule worship, (2) the doctrine is utopian in a bad sense, and (3) rule consequentialism either collapses into …
What is an example of a utilitarian monster?
A hypothetical being, which Nozick calls the utility monster, receives much more utility from each unit of a resource they consume than anyone else does. For instance, eating a cookie might bring only one unit of pleasure to an ordinary person but could bring 100 units of pleasure to a utility monster.
How would a utilitarian justify cheating on an exam?
For the rule-utilitarian, actions are justified by appealing to rules such as “don’t cheat.” The reasoning might go something like this: If everyone cheated, grades would mean nothing (although some students might do a better job at cheating than others), teachers would not know which topics they should spend more time …
What are global ethics?
The term GLOBAL ETHIC refers to a set of common moral values and ethical standards which are shared by the different faiths and cultures on Earth. These common moral values and ethical standards constitute a humane ethic, or, the ethic of humanity.
What is the primary motivation for rule consequentialism?
What is the primary motivation for rule consequentialism? It is thought to solve the problem of injustice.
Is consequentialism a moral theory?
Consequentialist moral theories that focus on actual or objectively probable consequences are often described as objective consequentialism (Railton 1984). In contrast, consequentialist moral theories that focus on intended or foreseen consequences are usually described as subjective consequentialism.
What are the advantages of consequentialism?
Consequentialism is an attractive ethical approach because it provides clear and practical guidance – at least in situations where outcomes are easy to predict. The theory is also impartial.
What is consequentialism vs utilitarianism?
Indeed, utilitarianism and consequentialism share many of the same tenets. One difference, however, is consequentialism does not specify a desired outcome, while utilitarianism specifies good as the desired outcome.
Which type of ethics is sometimes referred to as consequentialism?
Teleological. A type of ethics sometimes referred to as consequentialist ethics that judges an action based on its consequences.
What is an implication of act consequentialism?
implications of consequentialism. 1. consequentialist “right action” is completely defined in terms of how action is connected to consequences. 2. Intentions not directly relevant for assessing morality of indiv.
Who created consequentialism?
G. E. M. Anscombe
Etymology. The term consequentialism was coined by G. E. M. Anscombe in her essay “Modern Moral Philosophy” in 1958, to describe what she saw as the central error of certain moral theories, such as those propounded by Mill and Sidgwick.
What is the history of consequentialism?
Anscombe coined the term “consequentialism” in 1958 in her essay “Moral Modern Philosophy.” This theory’s roots are in utilitarianism and since the 1960’s, many writers have used the term “consequentialism” instead of “utilitarianism” for the view that the extent of the rightness of an action depends on the value of …
Is consequentialism a form of utilitarianism?
Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism because it rests on the idea that it is the consequences or results of actions, laws, policies, etc. that determine whether they are good or bad, right or wrong. In general, whatever is being evaluated, we ought to choose the one that will produce the best overall results.
How do you say consequentialist?
Phonetic spelling of consequentialist
- con-sequen-tial-ist. Vito Abbott.
- con-se-quen-tial-ist. Akshay Rastogi.
Is utilitarianism a philosophy?
Utilitarianism is a tradition of ethical philosophy that is associated with Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, two late 18th- and 19th-century British philosophers, economists, and political thinkers.
How do you pronounce consequences?
Break ‘consequences’ down into sounds: [KON] + [SUH] + [KWUHNS] + [IZ] – say it out loud and exaggerate the sounds until you can consistently produce them.
What do u mean by consequences?
noun. the effect, result, or outcome of something occurring earlier: The accident was the consequence of reckless driving. an act or instance of following something as an effect, result, or outcome. the conclusion reached by a line of reasoning; inference. importance or significance: a matter of no consequence.
How do you say content in British English?
Con change con change o con chance con chance.