What does Nietzsche mean by Apollonian and Dionysian elements of tragedy?
Nietzsche used these two forces because, for him, the world of mind and order on one side, and passion and chaos on the other, formed principles that were fundamental to the Greek culture: the Apollonian a dreaming state, full of illusions; and Dionysian a state of intoxication, representing the liberations of instinct …
How does Nietzsche describe the Dionysian?
Dionysus is the Greek god of wine and music, and Nietzsche identifies the Dionysian as a frenzy of self-forgetting in which the self gives way to a primal unity where individuals are at one with others and with nature.
What did Nietzsche say in Birth of tragedy?
Nietzsche argues that Greek tragedy arose out of the fusion of what he termed Apollonian and Dionysian elements—the former representing measure, restraint, and harmony and the latter unbridled passion—and that Socratic rationalism and optimism spelled the death of Greek tragedy.
What is Apollonian vs Dionysian?
The Apollonian, after the Greek god Apollo, represents a calm, reasoned, and structured form of art while the Dionysian, after Dionysus, is a deeply emotional and ecstatic one.
How was Dionysus created according to Nietzsche?
In danger of perishing with his mother, Zeus took the unborn Dionysus from the flames which engulfed his mother, and sewed Dionysus onto his thigh; caring for him until he was developed and healthy enough to set forth in the world.
What is Apollonian and Dionysian examples?
Rational thought is also Apollonian since it is structured and makes distinctions. Drunkenness and madness are Dionysian All forms of enthusiasm and ecstasy are Dionysian. Music is the most Dionysian of the arts, since it appeals directly to man’s instinctive, chaotic emotions and not to his formally reasoning mind.
What are Apollonian qualities?
According to Nietzsche, the Apollonian attributes are reason, culture, harmony, and restraint. These are opposed to the Dionysian characteristics of excess, irrationality, lack of discipline, and unbridled passion.
When did Nietzsche write The Birth of Tragedy?
Nietzsche worked on The Birth of Tragedy from some time early in 1870 until late in 1871. It appeared in print in January 1872. It is a complex work that we can approach from many different points of view.
How old was Nietzsche when he wrote The Birth of Tragedy?
Nietzsche’s enthusiasm for Schopenhauer, his studies in classical philology, his inspiration from Wagner, his reading of Lange, his interests in health, his professional need to prove himself as a young academic, and his frustration with the contemporary German culture, all coalesced in his first book—The Birth of …
Why is Dionysus associated with tragedy?
The Greeks also dedicated the great theater in Athens to Dionysus. Their concept of tragedy in drama grew from a ceremony that honored Dionysus. The word tragedy comes from the Greek words tragos, meaning goat,and oide, meaning song. The goat was sacred to, and symbolic of, Dionysus.
What does Apollonian form mean?
Apollonian. / (ˌæpəˈləʊnɪən) / adjective. of or relating to Apollo or the cult of Apollo. (sometimes not capital) (in the philosophy of Nietzsche) denoting or relating to the set of static qualities that encompass form, reason, harmony, sobriety, etc.
What is meant by Dionysian?
1a : of or relating to Dionysius. b : of or relating to the theological writings once mistakenly attributed to Dionysius the Areopagite. 2a : devoted to the worship of Dionysus. b : characteristic of Dionysus or the cult of worship of Dionysus especially : being of a frenzied or orgiastic character — compare apollonian.
What are Dionysian qualities?
Dionysus is known for having something of a dual personality: He brings joy, ecstasy and merriment, but also delivers “brutal and blinding rage.” So, in a sense, he represents all the possible side effects of overindulgence.