Conclusion: that statement which is affirmed on the basis of the other propositions (the premises) of the argument. Conditional statement: an “if p, then q” compound statement (ex. If I throw this ball into the air, it will come down); p is called the antecedent, and q is the consequent.
How do you know if its antecedent or consequent?
The Conditional: The Fourth Connective
- Conditional statement: when two statements are combined by placing the word “if” before the first and “then” before the second.
- The component statement that follows the “if” is called the antecedent.
- The component statement that follows the “then” is called the consequent.
What is conditional statement antecedent and consequent?
For propositions P and Q, the conditional sentence P⟹Q P ⟹ Q is the proposition “If P, then Q. ” The proposition P is called the antecedent, Q the consequent. The conditional sentence P⟹Q P ⟹ Q is true if and only if P is false or Q is true.
What do we call the antecedent or the condition in an IF THEN statement?
In an implication, if implies then is called the antecedent and. is called the consequent. Antecedent and consequent are connected via logical connective to form a proposition.
When a conditional IF THEN statement has a false antecedent if it is?
When the antecedent is false, the truth value of the consequent does not matter; the conditional will always be true. A conditional is considered false when the antecedent is true and the consequent is false.
|P||Q||P ⇒ Q|
What is the consequent of a conditional statement?
Conditional statement: an “if p, then q” compound statement (ex. If I throw this ball into the air, it will come down); p is called the antecedent, and q is the consequent.
What is the difference between antecedent phrase and consequent phrase?
In a period, the phrase ending with the less conclusive cadence is called the “ antecedent ” and the phrase ending with the more conclusive cadence is called the “ consequent .” These can be thought of as being in a “question and answer” relationship.
What two clauses are in an if-then statement?
Conditional sentences are constructed using two clauses—the if (or unless) clause and the main clause.
What is IF and THEN statement?
Hypotheses followed by a conclusion is called an If-then statement or a conditional statement. This is noted as. p→q. This is read – if p then q. A conditional statement is false if hypothesis is true and the conclusion is false.
What are the two parts of conditional statement?
Conditional Statement A conditional statement is a logical statement that has two parts, a hypothesis p and a conclusion q. When a conditional statement is written in if-then form, the “if’ part contains the hypothesis and the “then” part contains the conclusion.
What does P → Q mean?
The implication p → q (read: p implies q, or if p then q) is the state- ment which asserts that if p is true, then q is also true. We agree that p → q is true when p is false. The statement p is called the hypothesis of the implication, and the statement q is called the conclusion of the implication.
What does P ↔ Q mean?
P→Q means If P then Q. ~R means Not-R. P ∧ Q means P and Q. P ∨ Q means P or Q. An argument is valid if the following conditional holds: If all the premises are true, the conclusion must be true.
What is the contrapositive of P → Q?
Contrapositive: The contrapositive of a conditional statement of the form “If p then q” is “If ~q then ~p”. Symbolically, the contrapositive of p q is ~q ~p. A conditional statement is logically equivalent to its contrapositive.
Which is logically equivalent to P ↔ Q?
P → Q is logically equivalent to ¬ P ∨ Q . Example: “If a number is a multiple of 4, then it is even” is equivalent to, “a number is not a multiple of 4 or (else) it is even.”
What is a converse inverse and contrapositive?
The converse of the conditional statement is “If Q then P.” The contrapositive of the conditional statement is “If not Q then not P.” The inverse of the conditional statement is “If not P then not Q.”
What is converse statement?
Definition: The converse of a conditional statement is created when the hypothesis and conclusion are reversed. In Geometry the conditional statement is referred to as p → q. The Converse is referred to as q → p.
What is converse and inverse?
The converse statement is notated as q→p (if q, then p). The original statements switch positions in the original “if-then” statement. The inverse statement assumes the opposite of each of the original statements and is notated ∼p→∼q (if not p, then not q).
What is the difference between inverse and converse?
is that converse is familiar discourse; free interchange of thoughts or views; conversation; chat or converse can be the opposite or reverse while inverse is the opposite of a given, due to contrary nature or effect.
What is the contrapositive statement?
Definition of contrapositive
: a proposition or theorem formed by contradicting both the subject and predicate or both the hypothesis and conclusion of a given proposition or theorem and interchanging them “if not-B then not-A ” is the contrapositive of “if A then B “
What is the contrapositive of if A then B?
Conditionals: “if A then B” (or “A implies B”) is a conditional statement with antecedent A and consequent B. It’s contrapositive is “if not B then not A” and it’s converse is “if B then A”. Statements with the same truth table are said to be equivalent.
What is converse statement in logic?
The converse of a statement is formed by switching the hypothesis and the conclusion. The converse of “If two lines don’t intersect, then they are parallel” is “If two lines are parallel, then they don’t intersect.” The converse of “if p, then q” is “if q, then p.”
What is syllogism law?
In mathematical logic, the Law of Syllogism says that if the following two statements are true: (1) If p , then q . (2) If q , then r . Then we can derive a third true statement: (3) If p , then r .