If I am unable to rebut a person’s argument – am I obligated to accept it?

Can you reject an argument?

Moreover, whether it is a fallacy or a bad argument in general, the argument must be rejected in favor of a good argument. It is up to you to not only reject the bad arguments of others and ensure a good argument be presented, but it is paramount that you hold yourself to the same standards.

What is it called when someone brings up an irrelevant argument?

An irrelevant conclusion, also known as ignoratio elenchi (Latin for ‘ignoring refutation’) or missing the point, is the informal fallacy of presenting an argument that may or may not be logically valid and sound, but (whose conclusion) fails to address the issue in question.

What is a Steelman argument?

A steel man argument (or steelmanning) is the opposite of a straw man argument. The idea is to help one’s opponent to construct the strongest form of their argument.

What does you can’t disprove a negative mean?

Let’s sum up. If “you can’t prove a negative” means you can’t prove beyond reasonable doubt that certain things don’t exist, then the claim is just false. We prove the nonexistence of things on a regular basis.

What is a non sequitur example?

A non sequitur is a conclusion or reply that doesn’t follow logically from the previous statement. You’ve probably heard an example of a non sequitur before, therefore bunny rabbits are way cuter than chipmunks.

What is a non sequitur?

Definition of non sequitur

2 : a statement (such as a response) that does not follow logically from or is not clearly related to anything previously said We were talking about the new restaurant when she threw in some non sequitur about her dog.

What is a strawman argument example?

For example, if someone says “I think that we should give better study guides to students”, a person using a strawman might reply by saying “I think that your idea is bad, because we shouldn’t just give out easy A’s to everyone”.

What is a strawman fallacy?

This fallacy occurs when, in attempting to refute another person’s argument, you address only a weak or distorted version of it. Straw person is the misrepresentation of an opponent’s position or a competitor’s product to tout one’s own argument or product as superior.

What does it mean to steel man someone?

John Spacey, October 09, 2020. A steel man is the practice of making someone’s argument stronger. This is the opposite of a straw man whereby you misrepresent your opponent’s position as being absurd or weak before offering a rebuttal.

What is a false dichotomy give an example?

The terms “false dilemma” and “false dichotomy” are often used interchangeably. Example: You can either get married or be alone for the rest of your life. False dichotomies are related to false dilemmas because they both prompt listeners to choose between two unrelated options.

What is post hoc example?

Post hoc: This fallacy states that the first event necessarily caused the second when one event happens after another. For example, a black cat crossed my path, and then I got into a car accident. The black cat caused the car accident.

What is poisoning the well fallacy?

Poisoning the well is a logical fallacy (a type of ad hominem argument) in which a person attempts to place an opponent in a position from which he or she is unable to reply.

What is a circumstantial fallacy?

Circumstantial Ad Hominem. Fallacy occurs when someone uses unsound reasoning to support a claim or argument. Circumstantial Ad Hominem occurs when someone attacks a claim by saying that the person making the claim is only making it because it’s in his/her interest or because of his/her circumstances.

What is an example of a slippery slope argument?

An example of a slippery slope argument is the following: legalizing prostitution is undesirable because it would cause more marriages to break up, which would in turn cause the breakdown of the family, which would finally result in the destruction of civilization.

What is abusive ad hominem?

Ad Hominem – Abusive. Ad Hominem – Abusive. Description: The argument attacks a position by appealing to the despicable qualities, moral turpitude, and over-all lowness and meanness of a person who holds the position.

What is fallacy of Amphiboly?

The fallacy of amphiboly happens when someone uses grammar or punctuation in a way that a statement could be interpreted as having more than one meaning, so it is unclear what is really meant. Other names for the fallacy are the fallacy of ambiguity, misusing ambiguity, and the fallacy of unclearness.

What is an example of circular reasoning?

For example: Eighteen-year-olds have the right to vote because it’s legal for them to vote. This argument is circular because it goes right back to the beginning: Eighteen-year-olds have the right to vote because it’s legal.

What is abusive analogy?

The fallacy of abusive analogy is a highly specialized version of the ad hominem argument. Instead of the arguer being insulted directly, an analogy is drawn which is calculated to bring him into scorn or disrepute.

What is a false cause fallacy?

material fallacies

(5) The fallacy of false cause (non causa pro causa) mislocates the cause of one phenomenon in another that is only seemingly related. The most common version of this fallacy, called post hoc ergo propter hoc (“after which hence by which”), mistakes temporal sequence for causal connection—as…

What is an example of a false cause fallacy?

This fallacy falsely assumes that one event causes another. Often a reader will mistake a time connection for a cause-effect connection. EXAMPLES: Every time I wash my car, it rains. Our garage sale made lots of money before Joan showed up.

What is the difference between abusive and circumstantial ad hominem?

Types of Ad Hominem Fallacy

Abusive – This is where the person is directly attacked. (i.e. This is why a woman shouldn’t do a man’s job.) Circumstantial – Personal circumstances motivate a person’s argument, so it must be false.

What is division fallacy?

A fallacy of division is an informal fallacy that occurs when one reasons that something that is true for a whole must also be true of all or some of its parts. An example: The second grade in Jefferson elementary eats a lot of ice cream.

What is a No True Scotsman fallacy?

Have you ever heard the argument “no true Scotsman”? It’s a common statement used in debating or concluding a particular point that attempts to compare the actions, words, or beliefs of one person to all Scotsmen. This is a common logical fallacy that is inherently false due to its generalization and vagueness.