How would infinitism intersect ethical beliefs?

What is the ethical to Kierkegaard?

In other words, for Kierkegaard, what we take to be “the ethical” collapses into the aesthetic, a life perspective that has happiness and self-fulfilment as its god-terms, in contrast to faith and sin, the poles that mark out the religious standpoint.

What did Nietzsche say about ethics?

Nietzsche argues that there are two fundamental types of morality: “master morality” and “slave morality”. Master morality values pride and power, while slave morality values kindness, empathy, and sympathy.

How did Socrates address ethical issues?

The ultimate aim of Socrates’ philosophical method is always ethical. Socrates believed that if one knows what the good is, one will always do what is good. Thus if one truly understands the meaning of courage, self-control, or justice, one will act in a courageous, self-controlled and just manner.

How does Foucault define ethics?

Ethics, Foucault says, is the form that freedom takes when it is informed by reflection, and by this he means that freedom consists in reflectively informed ascetic practices or practices of self.

What did Søren Kierkegaard believe?

For his emphasis on individual existence—particularly religious existence—as a constant process of becoming and for his invocation of the associated concepts of authenticity, commitment, responsibility, anxiety, and dread, Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered the father of existentialism.

What are Kierkegaard main ideas?

Some of Kierkegaard’s key ideas include the concept of “subjective and objective truths”, the knight of faith, the recollection and repetition dichotomy, angst, the infinite qualitative distinction, faith as a passion, and the three stages on life’s way.

What were Socrates beliefs on ethics?

Socrates equated knowledge with virtue, which ultimately leads to ethical conduct. He believed that the only life worth living was one that was rigorously examined. He looked for principles and actions that were worth living by, creating an ethical base upon which decisions should be made.

What does Socrates say about ethics?

Socrates states no one chooses evil; no one chooses to act in ignorance. We seek the good, but fail to achieve it by ignorance or lack of knowledge as to how to obtain what is good. He believes no one would intentionally harm themselves.

What were Socrates main beliefs?

Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

How does Socrates influence us today?

He especially taught the youth of wealthy families not to over-value material objects but to have more interest in their spirits. He believed that people had the capability to solve issues through just logical thinking. This is still relevant as ever as his theories are critical to modern Western Philosophy.

How can we apply the Socratic method in our daily life?

Socrates also used this method of questioning to encourage people to question the things they were told and to look beyond the obvious. Today, the Socratic method is often used in medical and legal education in order to help students tap into more difficult concepts and/or principles.

How does Socratic method can help us in determining the truth?

1. The Socratic method uses questions to examine the values, principles, and beliefs of students. Through questioning, the participants strive first to identify and then to defend their moral intuitions about the world which undergird their ways of life.

What is Socratic method example?

Example of the Socratic Method

You might answer something like this: ‘Love is a combination of feelings you have and actions you take to demonstrate your appreciation that another person exists. ‘ A teacher using the Socratic method might say, but what if you have additional feelings other than love for a person?