How many types of theodicy are possible?

The basic approaches to theodicy can be said to take three forms: logical/deductive, evidential/inductive, and existential.

What are the three Theodicies?

Thomas Aquinas, the 13th-century Dominican theologian, and in the Theodicy (1710), by the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. According to Leibniz, there are three forms of evil in the world: moral, physical, and metaphysical.

What is the importance of theodicy?

Theodicies are designed to provide explanations for evil and to enable people to hold on to the possibility of God in the midst of pain and suffering and seek to provide complex philosophical and theological arguments to justify and sustain the idea that there is logic in believing in a God who is perfectly good, all

What does theodicy mean?

A theodicy is an attempt to justify or defend God in the face of evil by answering the following problem, which in its most basic form involves these assumptions: God is all good and all powerful (and, therefore, all knowing). The universe/creation was made by God and/or exists in a contingent relationship to God.

What is classical theodicy?

Classical theodicists are those who defend the pursuit of finding plausible reasons for the existence of evil in a world created by a God of love and power.

What are Theodicies quizlet?

Theodicy. The attempt to provide a justification or defense of the Sacred in the face of evil, chaos, and suffering. Religions with an Impersonal Sacred Reality.

What is Hick’s theodicy?

During this stage Hick also developed his Irenaean “soul-making” theodicy in which he argued that God allows evil and suffering in the world in order to develop humans into virtuous creatures capable of following his will.

What are the five types of theodicy?

The basic approaches to theodicy can be said to take three forms: logical/deductive, evidential/inductive, and existential.

What are the four Theodicies?

the Plotinian theodicy, named after Plotinus. the Augustinian theodicy, which Hick based on the writings of Augustine of Hippo. the Irenaean theodicy, which Hick developed, based on the thinking of St. Irenaeus.

What is the test theodicy?

Test Theodicy: This earthly life is just a test. God has thrown us into this world full of evil and pointless suffering in order to find out what kind of beings we are. Without pointless suffering, this test is not complete. If we pass the test, we are going to heaven.

What is theodicy of submission?

Term. monotheistic theodicies: theodicy of submission. Definition. the mystery of god’s sovereignty ; one submits to god’s ultimacy and authority. The reason for the suffering is unknown.

What’s central to the two main Theodicies discussed by John Hick?

What’s central to the two main theodicies discussed by John Hick? Belief in human free will. Which of the following is an element of the Augustinian theodicy? – God is not responsible for evil; it is the result of free human choices.

What is the main difference between an Ecclesia and a denomination?

The main difference between an ecclesia and a denomination is: the number of followers or believers is much larger for denominations. the geographical location varies for ecclesia versus denominations. ecclesia are state-sponsored and considered an official religion.

What is St Augustine’s theodicy?

The Augustinian theodicy asserts that God created the world ex nihilo (out of nothing), but maintains that God did not create evil and is not responsible for its occurrence. Evil is not attributed existence in its own right, but is described as the privation of good – the corruption of God’s good creation.

What is replica theory?

John Hick’s replica theory. John Hick suggested that if someone dies and appears in a new world with the same memories and physical features then it is meaningful to call this replica the same person.

What is the free will theodicy?

The Free Will Theodicy (FWT) attempts to defeat the Argument from. Evil by claiming that the suffering of the innocent (SOI) is justified by the existence. of free will (FW).

Who wrote the free will theodicy?

Of the three authors considered in this paper, the one whose commitment to a libertarian conception of free action is least obvious is John Hick. Perhaps for that reason, it will also be easiest to see how a theological determinist can adopt central aspects of his free will theodicy.

Can good exist without evil?

Good can exist without evil, whereas evil cannot exist without good’ -Thomas Aquinas.

What is the difference between natural evil and moral evil?

Natural evils are bad states of affairs which do not result from the intentions or negligence of moral agents. Hurricanes and toothaches are examples of natural evils. By contrast, moral evils do result from the intentions or negligence of moral agents. Murder and lying are examples of moral evils.

What are the two types of suffering?

Suffering is often categorized as physical or mental.

What are the four types of evil?

The Four Types of Evil

  • Demonic Evil.
  • Instrumental Evil.
  • Idealistic Evil.
  • Foolish Evil.