How has neuroscience characterized classic Benthamite utilitiarian reasoning in situations like the trolley problem?

What is the point of thought experiments What is the point of the trolley problem?

The trolley problem is a thought experiment in ethics about a fictional scenario in which an onlooker has the choice to save 5 people in danger of being hit by a trolley, by diverting the trolley to kill just 1 person.

What is the actual answer to the trolley problem?

The only way to save the lives of the five workers is to divert the trolley onto another track that only has one worker on it. If Adam diverts the trolley onto the other track, this one worker will die, but the other five workers will be saved.

What is the significance of the trolley problem?

The trolley problem is important because versions of it have been used to explore the validity and range of application of the doctrine of double effect and the distinction between doing harm and allowing harm.

How would utilitarianism approach the Trolley Problem give a short explanation?

In all the trolley scenarios, utilitarians would favor whatever option in which the greater numbers of lives are saved. The moral value of an action is not in its intrinsic nature, but rather in its consequences.

What does the Trolley Problem tell us about the nature of ethics and the specific problems it deals with?

The trolley problem is a question of human morality, and an example of a philosophical view called consequentialism. This view says that morality is defined by the consequences of an action, and that the consequences are all that matter.

What is the Trolley Problem quizlet?

Thomson claims that if a trolley driver refuses to steer the runaway trolley onto a side track, and because of this the trolley runs over five people, the driver merely lets the five die.

What can the Trolley Problem teach us about human morality and human behavior?

The trolley dilemma allows us to think through the consequences of an action and consider whether its moral value is determined solely by its outcome.

What is the moral difference between the Trolley Problem and the Fat Man problem?

In response to the Problem, philosophers influenced by Kant have argued that one ought not to use human beings as a means to save others, so it would be morally right to steer the trolley away from the five, but morally wrong to push the fat man.

What is the central idea of a teen and a trolley reveal society’s dark side?

It is a thought problem known as “the trolley problem.” Tiffany Sun, 17, used it to explore biases in people against certain types of appearance, of apparent income or of disability. Her results show some of our darkest behaviors. But knowing that those dark sides exist might help us fight to counter them, she says.

Which of the following best describes the central idea of the article a teen and a trolly?

Q. Which part of the following best describes the central idea of the article? Humans are evil by nature and must actively do good in order to resist their evil impulses. The trolley problem does not accurately reflect human nature because there is no right answer to the problem.