What is meant by the problem of other minds?
problem of other minds, in philosophy, the problem of justifying the commonsensical belief that others besides oneself possess minds and are capable of thinking or feeling somewhat as one does oneself.
What was Descartes influence on the problem of the other minds?
By emphasizing our shared complexio Descartes is telling More that having resolved the problem of the external world we can rely on God’s uniform action in the world to entail joining a mind to members of our species.
What is the problem of other minds Russell?
The problem of other minds says that we do not know whether others have conscious thoughts; Russell thinks we do know this because 1) our own intelligent behaviors are similar to the intelligent behaviors of others and that therefore, 2) we can generalize from our own case to the case of others.
What does Descartes say about other minds?
In connection with other minds, we might press Descartes’ first sceptical consideration, thus: I am sometimes deceived about what another is thinking or feeling. But, as with the external world, this is not sufficient for radical doubt concerning others.
What is the problem of other minds quizlet?
–Wittgenstein believed that inner ostenstive definition, a private language, is impossible. The words we use to talk about our experiences cannot get their meanings by each of us, individually and privately, referring to a sensation we associate with the word.
How does functionalism solve the problem of other minds?
For human beings, we simply need to observe their behavior and we can safely attribute mentality to them since, according to functionalism, mental states just are functional states. If we accept the functional ist account of the mind, we certainly have no problem of other minds.
What is Russell’s argument from analogy for the existence of other minds?
Russell believes that there are other minds because he can see actions in others that are analogous to his own without thinking about them. He believes that all actions are caused by thoughts, but what happens when we have a reaction resulting as an action of something forced upon one’s self?
How does Russell justify the existence of other minds through observation?
In “Analogy of Other Minds,” Bertrand Russell sets out to prove that minds exist other than his own through introspection and analogy; he believes that by looking inwards and recognizing and understanding your own mind, you can observe other people’s behaviors and safely conclude that they have the same thoughts and …
Who introduced the problem of other minds?
The traditional answer was formulated by J. S. Mill: the argument from analogy. You are a human like me, you behave a lot like me, you use language like me. I have a mind; isn’t it rational to suppose that you have one too?
Which aspects of Cartesian dualism from among the following makes the problem of other minds exceedingly difficult to solve?
Which aspect(s)of Cartesian dualism, from among the following, make(s) the problem of other minds exceedingly difficult to solve? Since minds are not physical substances, they cannot be perceived (e.g., seen or felt), leaving no way of determining whether other people have them.
What is the main problem with dualism?
Problems of Interaction. The conservation of energy argument points to a more general complaint often made against dualism: that interaction between mental and physical substances would involve a causal impossibility.
What makes a problem of consciousness easy?
The easy problems of consciousness are those that seem directly susceptible to the standard methods of cognitive science, whereby a phenomenon is explained in terms of computational or neural mechanisms. The hard problems are those that seem to resist those methods.
What is the problem of consciousness and what does it mean to say that this is a hard problem?
The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining why any physical state is conscious rather than nonconscious. It is the problem of explaining why there is “something it is like” for a subject in conscious experience, why conscious mental states “light up” and directly appear to the subject.
How does the conscious mind work?
The conscious mind involves all of the things that you are currently aware of and thinking about. It is somewhat akin to short-term memory and is limited in terms of capacity. Your awareness of yourself and the world around you are part of your consciousness.