How does Hume’s conception of impressions and ideas lead him to argue that causality can only be probabilistic?

What is Hume’s view on causality?

Hume argues that we cannot conceive of any other connection between cause and effect, because there simply is no other impression to which our idea may be traced. This certitude is all that remains. For Hume, the necessary connection invoked by causation is nothing more than this certainty.

Why are ideas and impressions important to Hume?

Because the formation of every simple idea is always preceded by the experience of a corresponding simple impression, and because the experience of every simple impression is always followed by the formation of a corresponding simple idea, it follows, according to Hume, that simple impressions are the causes of their

What did Hume believe about impressions?

Hume thinks that impressions have more force and liveliness (or vivacity) than ideas in the memory, which in turn have more force and liveliness than ideas in the imagination. But he does not think that the latter all have the same low degree of force and liveliness; some of them have a higher degree than others.

What is Hume’s distinction between impressions and ideas?

Summary. Hume draws a distinction between impressions and thoughts or ideas (for the sake of consistency, we will refer only to “ideas” from here on). Impressions are lively and vivid perceptions, while ideas are drawn from memory or the imagination and are thus less lively and vivid.

Where does Hume talk about causality?

There is a NECESSARY CONNEXION to be taken into consideration; and that relation is of much greater importance, than any of the other two above-mention’d. In the Enquiry, section 4, part 2, Hume presents his famous skeptical argument concerning causation and induction.

Why does Hume conclude that our idea of causation is the result of custom or habit?

Causation is the operative associative principle here, since it is the only one of those principles that can take us beyond our senses and memories. Hume concludes that custom alone “makes us expect for the future, a similar train of events with those which have appeared in the past” (EHU 5.1. 6/44).

What are Hume’s two proofs for his thesis about ideas and impressions?

Hume advances two important universal theses about ideas. First, every simple idea is a copy of an impression of inner or outer sense. Second, every complex idea is a bundle or assemblage of simple ideas, i.e., complex ideas are structured ensembles of simple ideas.

What can you conclude about Hume’s concept of self ideas must come from impressions but there is no impression from which the idea of self comes?

According to Hume, ideas must come from impressions, but there is no impression from which the idea of self comes; therefore, there is no self. can never observe his self, only perceptions. a bundle of different perceptions.

What did David Hume believe about ideas quizlet?

Hume believes that all meaningful ideas come from what? All meaningful ideas come from sense impressions. 1. Nearly impossible to come up with an idea that isn’t from sense impressions.

Why Hume thinks our idea of causation Cannot be justified by matters of fact?

As Hume stated, because of human nature, sense perceptions lead to complex ideas of substance and causation which cannot be justified logically.

Does Hume believe in causation?

David Hume coined a sceptical, reductionist viewpoint on causality that inspired the logical-positivist definition of empirical law that “is a regularity or universal generalization of the form ‘All Cs are Es’ or, whenever C, then E”.

What does Hume mean by relations of ideas?

Hume opens this section by drawing a distinction between “relations of ideas” and “matters of fact.” Relations of ideas are a priori and indestructible bonds created between ideas. All logically true statements such as “5 + 7 = 12” and “all bachelors are unmarried” are relations of ideas.

How does Hume distinguish between impressions and ideas what is the Sceptical implications of this distinction in his philosophy?

Most modern philosophers held that ideas reside in our spiritual minds, whereas impressions originate in our physical bodies. So, when Hume blurs the distinction between ideas and impressions, he is ultimately denying the spiritual nature of ideas and instead grounding them in our physical nature.