What do we learn from Searle’s Chinese Room experiment?
The Chinese Room argument is not directed at weak AI, nor does it purport to show that no machine can think – Searle says that brains are machines, and brains think. The argument is directed at the view that formal computations on symbols can produce thought.
What is missing from the Chinese room that human minds have that makes them special according to Searle?
To Searle, as a philosopher investigating in the nature of mind and consciousness, these are the relevant mysteries. The Chinese room is designed to show that the Turing test is insufficient to detect the presence of consciousness, even if the room can behave or function as a conscious mind would.
What is the Chinese Room Searle?
The Chinese room argument is a thought experiment of John Searle. It is one of the best known and widely credited counters to claims of artificial intelligence (AI), that is, to claims that computers do or at least can (or someday might) think.
What’s wrong and right about Searle’s Chinese room argument?
Searle’s Chinese Room Argument showed a fatal flaw in computationalism (the idea that mental states are just computational states) and helped usher in the era of situated robotics and symbol grounding (although Searle himself thought neuroscience was the only correct way to understand the mind).
What is the main point of Searle’s Chinese room argument quizlet?
Searle argues against The Strong A.I. Thesis: An appropriately programmed computer would be a thinking thing (a mind). John Searle is locked in a room, he does NOT know or understand any Chinese.
What does Searle think his Chinese room thought experiment shows quizlet?
Terms in this set (13) Searle is inside a room that shows a screen with inputs written in Chinese, but he does not know Chinese, so they look like meaningless squiggles. There is an output chute where he can put the correct output according to an English rulebook that tells you how to manipulate the symbols.
What is the main point of the Chinese room argument?
John Searle (2009), Scholarpedia, 4(8):3100. The Chinese Room Argument aims to refute a certain conception of the role of computation in human cognition. In order to understand the argument, it is necessary to see the distinction between Strong and Weak versions of Artificial Intelligence.
How does Searle respond to the robot reply quizlet?
Which of the following best characterizes Searle’s response to the Robot Reply? Putting the program into a robot concedes that merely running a program is not sufficient for understanding.
Which of the following is a criticism of dualism from the Physicalist perspective?
Which of the following is a criticism the physicalist makes of dualism? The dualist cannot adequately explain where mind-body interaction takes place.
Which of the following is a criticism the hard determinist would make of the libertarian?
Which of the following is a criticism the hard determinist would make of the libertarian? Libertarianism is in conflict with the scientific view of the world. our will is suspended between two causes that pull us in opposite directions. There is no way to know if we are determined or free.
Which of the following is the most relevant persuasive argument to the effect that humans could not possibly ever be free?
Which of the following is the most relevant, persuasive argument to the effect that humans could not possibly (ever) be free? Human action is determined by neural activity, which is in turn determined by microphysical activity. There is no room for free will in this.
What is one reason that Descartes offers for believing that the self is a thinking substance and can exist without a body?
Terms in this set (10) What is one reason that Descartes offers for believing that the self is a thinking substance and can exist without a body? I can conceive of myself existing without a body, but I cannot conceive of myself existing without a mind.
When Descartes reasons that it is conceivable that he could exist?
When Descartes reasons that it is conceivable that he could exist without his body and that whatever is conceivable is logically possible he is offering _____. divisibility argument.
How does Descartes’s reasoning lead him to the conclusion that he must be a thing that can exist without his body?
On the one hand, Descartes argues that the mind is indivisible because he cannot perceive himself as having any parts. On the other hand, the body is divisible because he cannot think of a body except as having parts. Hence, if mind and body had the same nature, it would be a nature both with and without parts.
What did Descartes believe?
Descartes was also a rationalist and believed in the power of innate ideas. Descartes argued the theory of innate knowledge and that all humans were born with knowledge through the higher power of God. It was this theory of innate knowledge that was later combated by philosopher John Locke (1632–1704), an empiricist.
How does Descartes reach the conclusion that he is a thinking thing?
How does Descartes reach the conclusion that “I am a thinking thing”? He was on the search for truth → rejected everything that he had the least bit of doubt in to see if after, he had something undoubtable.
What is the significance of Descartes claim I am thinking therefore I exist How does he argue for that claim?
Descartes says that ‘I think therefore I exist’ (whatever it is, argument or claim or ‘intuition’ or whatever we think it is) is seen to be certainly true by ‘the natural light of reason’. Here is Descartes committing himself to the idea that our reason can tell us things that are true about the world we live in.
What did Descartes think was essential in finding the truth?
Innate ideas are truths that are not derived from observation or experiment. Descartes cautioned against relying too much on authoritarian thinking. Descartes placed much weight on common sense. Descartes rejected sense knowledge as a sufficient foundation for certainty.