How do I handle contradicting study results?

How do you deal with contradictory information?

Concentrate on the most significant counterarguments. Do not allocate too much time to controversial issues. Recognize them and elaborate on them focusing on their weak points. Do not dip into the matter as it may undermine the supporting examples.

What is contradictory result?

If two or more facts, ideas, or statements are contradictory, they state or imply that opposite things are true.

What is contradictory data in research?

Contradictory data is synonymous to incorrect data and it is important that such data be investigated and evaluated when analysing a noisy dataset. Different approaches to dealing with contradictory data have been proposed by different researchers.

How do you discuss negative results?

Explicitly explain why your negative results are essential to advancing knowledge in your field. Don’t rely on the reader to figure this out. For example, we wrote that the lack of an experimental effect in our study was informative because “it contrasts with a growing body of experimental work”.

How do you start a contradicting paragraph?

Some examples of counter-argument sentence starters are… “On the other hand…”, which shows one point of the argument is one hand, and the other point of the argument being the other hand. “However…”, which would show the two different opposing views of the argument.

What is contradictory data in qualitative research?

Contradictory evidence, often known as deviant cases, must be sought out, examined, and accounted for in the analysis to ensure that researcher bias does not interfere with or alter their perception of the data and any insights offered.

What’s a contradictory statement?

A contradictory statement is one that says two things that cannot both be true. An example: My sister is jealous of me because I’m an only child. Contradictory is related to the verb contradict, which means to say or do the opposite, and contrary, which means to take an opposite view.

What does contradiction mean in literature?

Definition: A contradiction occurs when two statements don’t seem to agree with each other. “The Sound of Silence” is a contradiction. (It also happens to be an awesome song.) A paradox is a type of contradiction.

What are contradictions?

A contradiction is a situation or ideas in opposition to one another. Declaring publicly that you are an environmentalist but never remembering to take out the recycling is an example of a contradiction. A “contradiction in terms” is a common phrase used to describe a statement that contains opposing ideas.

How do you communicate test results?

How to Communicate Negative Test Results to a Patient

  1. Ask How They Prefer to Hear Them. Determine how the patient would like their results communicated, whether it be through email, phone, or in person. …
  2. Understand Your Patient’s Mental State. …
  3. Ensure Their Comfort. …
  4. Be Clear. …
  5. Provide Resources. …
  6. Show Empathy. …
  7. Document Everything.

Can you publish negative results?

An article describing negative findings will be considered credible only when it is published in a reputed peer-reviewed journal. Publishing negative results can be an unsatisfying process. However, it is important that researchers do not fall prey to publishing in predatory journals.

How can the researchers present the results properly?

Key Aspects for Your Research Results Section

Make sure you include details about your data analysis and interpretation, as well as statistical significance tests. Report the statistical insignificant research findings for your academic article’s credibility. Use the past tense when describing to your research results.

How should you make recommendations from your study?

Recommendations should be one-sentence, succinct, and start with an action verb (create, establish, fund, facilitate, coordinate, etc.). They should use a “SMART” format (Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, Timely). Each recommendation should be followed by a few sentences of explanatory text.

How do you report research findings?

Structure and Writing Style

  1. Present a synopsis of the results followed by an explanation of key findings. This approach can be used to highlight important findings. …
  2. Present a result and then explain it, before presenting the next result then explaining it, and so on, then end with an overall synopsis.

How do you write a research results and discussion?


  1. Don’t repeat results.
  2. Order simple to complex (building to conclusion); or may state conclusion first.
  3. Conclusion should be consistent with study objectives/research question. …
  4. Emphasize what is new, different, or important about your results.
  5. Consider alternative explanations for the results.
  6. Limit speculation.

What are the things to avoid when writing results and discussions?

Don’t write long explanations. Keep your descriptions concise. Eliminate phrases that establish passive-voice structures. When you use the active voice and choose strong verbs, your sentences will shrink, and your message will be clearer.

How do you write a qualitative research results?

Results of qualitative research (e.g. interviews)

For each theme, make general observations about what the data showed. For example, you might mention recurring points of agreement or disagreement, patterns and trends, and individual responses that were particularly significant to your research question.

What should be included in results?

What is included in the Results? The Results section should include the findings of your study and ONLY the findings of your study. The findings include: Data presented in tables, charts, graphs, and other figures (may be placed into the text or on separate pages at the end of the manuscript)

How do you write results and Discussion examples?

Tips to Write the Result Section

  1. Direct the reader to the research data and explain the meaning of the data.
  2. Avoid using a repetitive sentence structure to explain a new set of data.
  3. Write and highlight your important findings in your results.
  4. Use the same order as the subheadings of the methods section.

How do you write conclusion in a research study?

In the conclusion, you should restate the thesis and show how it has been developed through the body of the paper. Briefly summarize the key arguments made in the body, showing how each of them contributes to proving your thesis.

Why do we need to conclude and recommend upon completing your research study?

The function of your paper’s conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of your main argument(s) and reiterates the most important evidence supporting those argument(s).

How do you end a report?

There seem to be at least four ways to end a report: a summary, a true conclusion, an afterword, and nothing. Yes, it is possible to end a document with no conclusion (or “final section”) whatsoever.

How do you write a good conclusion for a report?

The conclusion paragraph should restate your thesis, summarize the key supporting ideas you discussed throughout the work, and offer your final impression on the central idea. This final summation should also contain the moral of your story or a revelation of a deeper truth.

What are good concluding sentences?

What is a Concluding Sentence?

  • In conclusion.
  • Therefore.
  • As expressed.
  • Overall.
  • As a result.
  • Thus.
  • Finally.
  • Lastly.

How do you end an academic essay?

The conclusion to an academic paper always: Summarises the main points given in the essay. Draws together the ideas to explain how they connect and relate. Shows how you have answered the question.
The conclusion may also:

  1. Suggest some further research.
  2. Give a concluding statement.
  3. Pose a further question.