How can substance dualism (Cartesian) explain how the mind is affected from brain damage?

The substance dualist could hold that the eyes and brain are just (somehow) providing input to mind / causally involved in our phenomenal experiences, and that the mind is different from the brain in a way not unlike the way in which mind is different from the eyes.

What is the mind-body problem explain Cartesian dualism in your answer?

One of the deepest and most lasting legacies of Descartes’ philosophy is his thesis that mind and body are really distinct—a thesis now called “mind-body dualism.” He reaches this conclusion by arguing that the nature of the mind (that is, a thinking, non-extended thing) is completely different from that of the body ( …

What is Descartes substance dualism?

Substance dualism, or Cartesian dualism, most famously defended by René Descartes, argues that there are two kinds of foundation: mental and physical. This philosophy states that the mental can exist outside of the body, and the body cannot think.

How do you explain substance dualism?

The main idea behind substance dualism is that the mind and body are distinct. And in fact they are two separate substances.

What is substance dualism critically discuss Cartesian relation between mind and body?

That version, now often called substance dualism, implies that mind and body not only differ in meaning but refer to different kinds of entities. Thus, a mind-body (substance) dualist would oppose any theory that identifies mind with the brain, conceived as a physical mechanism.

What is one reason that Descartes offers for believing that the self is a thinking substance and can exist without a body?

Terms in this set (10) What is one reason that Descartes offers for believing that the self is a thinking substance and can exist without a body? I can conceive of myself existing without a body, but I cannot conceive of myself existing without a mind.

What is the mind body problem and why is it a problem?

The mind-body problem is the problem of understanding what the relation between the mind and body is, or more precisely, whether mental phenomena are a subset of physical phenomena or not.

How Descartes define substance?

Descartes believed in only two kinds of substance: material body, which is defined by extension, and mental substance, which is defined by thought, which, in this context, is more or less equivalent to consciousness.

What is substance dualism quizlet?

Substance dualism is a theory set out by Descartes which holds that the mind and body are two ontologically distinct substances and as a result there are also two distinct properties; mental and physical. According to the theory the mind can exist independently of the body.

What is the problem with substance dualism?

But these commonplaces create a problem for the substance dualist. The problem can be expressed in terms of the following argument: (1) If substance dualism is true, then we cannot know the mental states of others. (2) We do, on at least some occasions, know the mental states of others.

Which aspect of Cartesian dualism from among the following makes the problem of other minds exceedingly difficult to solve?

Which aspect(s)of Cartesian dualism, from among the following, make(s) the problem of other minds exceedingly difficult to solve? Since minds are not physical substances, they cannot be perceived (e.g., seen or felt), leaving no way of determining whether other people have them.

How does Descartes explain the relationship between mind and body?

According to Descartes, minds and bodies are distinct kinds of “substance”. Bodies, he held, are spatially extended substances, incapable of feeling or thought; minds, in contrast, are unextended, thinking, feeling substances.

What is the Cartesian circle and why was it problematic for Descartes?

He then says that without his knowledge of God’s existence, none of his knowledge could be certain. The Cartesian circle is a criticism of the above that takes this form: Descartes’ proof of the reliability of clear and distinct perceptions takes as a premise God’s existence as a non-deceiver.

Does Descartes escape the Cartesian circle?

According to these proponents, Descartes’ clear and distinct perceptions, prior to the Ontological Argument—on Descartes’ own account—are not free from doubt. But in light of the passages above, it seems that we have strong textual evidence that affords Descartes a way out of the Circle.

What is the method of doubt and why does Descartes use it?

methodic doubt, in Cartesian philosophy, a way of searching for certainty by systematically though tentatively doubting everything. First, all statements are classified according to type and source of knowledge—e.g., knowledge from tradition, empirical knowledge, and mathematical knowledge.

What is the Cartesian equation of a circle?

The equation of a circle is (x − a)2 + (y − b)2 = r2 where a and b are the coordinates of the center (a, b) and r is the radius.

How did René Descartes discover the Cartesian plane?

When he got out of bed, Descartes wrote down what he had discovered. Then he tried describing the positions of points, the same way he described the position of the fly. Descartes had invented the coordinate plane! In fact, the coordinate plane is sometimes called the Cartesian plane, in his honor.

Is Cartesian coordinate good?

Cartesian Coordinate is one of the strongest choices for PvE damage right now. When Vorpal Weapon is combined with the Particle Deconstruction Mod, it has the ability to out-damage some of the exotic fusion rifles. However, it is not a strong pick in PvP activities, where it is often outclassed by shotguns.

What can you find in the Cartesian plane?

A cartesian plane divides the plane space into two dimensions and is useful to easily locate the points. It is also referred to as the coordinate plane. The two axes of the coordinate plane are the horizontal x-axis and the vertical y-axis.

What is the importance of knowing the concepts of the Cartesian coordinate system?

Either way, the Cartesian coordinate system is one of Descartes’ most important legacies (although he was not the only person to have the idea). It allows us to answer geometric problems using algebra and to visualise algebraic relationships that would otherwise remain quite abstract.

What is the purpose of a Cartesian plane?

The Cartesian Plane is sometimes referred to as the x-y plane or the coordinate plane and is used to plot data pairs on a two-line graph. The Cartesian plane is named after the mathematician Rene Descartes who originally came up with the concept. Cartesian planes are formed by two perpendicular number lines intersect.

What is a Cartesian graph used for?

What is the Cartesian coordinate system used for? A Cartesian coordinate system is one which allows the mathematician to accurately locate any point in space, given an origin, an x-axis to measure width, a y-axis to measure height, and a z-axis to measure depth of any 3-Dimensional object or space.

How do you use the Cartesian coordinate system?

The line up and down is what's known as the y axis. And that will denote the what's called the dependent variable. The way I think about it is so the idea is any point in the plane.

What is Cartesian plane explain with diagram?

A Cartesian plane (named after French mathematician Rene Descartes, who formalized its use in mathematics) is defined by two perpendicular number lines: the x-axis, which is horizontal, and the y-axis, which is vertical. Using these axes, we can describe any point in the plane using an ordered pair of numbers.