Historically speaking, what have been considered “reliable” sources of knowledge in Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy?

What is the major difference between Eastern and Western philosophy?

Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. Both philosophies center on virtues. Eastern philosophy takes more of a spiritual approach while Western philosophy is more hands-on.

What is the primary source of knowledge in Western thought?

In “The Sources of Knowledge,” Robert Audi distinguishes what he calls the “four standard basic sources” by which we acquire knowledge or justified belief: perception, memory, consciousness, and reason. With the exception of memory, he distinguishes each of the above as a basic source of knowledge.

What is Eastern Philosophy knowledge?

Epistemology is the theory of knowledge.

Eastern philosophers differ significantly from their Western counterparts on the issue of common sources of knowledge. A great many Hindu, Jain, Buddhist, Taoist and Neo-Confucian philosophers advocate using various meditation techniques to acquire knowledge about Reality.

What are the common ideas beliefs and concepts shared by Western and Eastern Philosophy?

Both of these philosophers have exerted an enormous influence through their works, and both argue for the existence of innate knowledge; that human beings are born knowing right from wrong, and good from bad, and need only be encouraged to pursue goodness in order to live a fulfilling life.

What is the difference between Western and Eastern culture?

Eastern and Western cultures have a different perception of power and power distance. Eastern cultures tend to have a very hierarchical structure, where Western cultures are more egalitarian. “Western cultures value independence and tend to promote individuals who are task orientated and individualistic.”

What are the differences between the Eastern and Western views of self?

Western philosophy acknowledges the existence of a human self (with some exceptions). Eastern philosophy firmly denies the existence of a human self (with some exceptions). Contemporary neuroscientific and neuropsychological research attempts to locate and identify the human self in the brain.

What is the primary source of knowledge in Eastern philosophy?

Cārvāka epistemology holds perception as the primary source of knowledge while rejecting inference which can be invalid.

What is the meaning of Western philosophy?

Western philosophy encompasses the philosophical thought and work of the Western world. Historically, the term refers to the philosophical thinking of Western culture, beginning with the ancient Greek philosophy of the pre-Socratics.

What do the Eastern and Western thoughts teach us about the self?

In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. In Eastern philosophy, though, the self is often treated as an illusion.

What is Eastern and Western concept?

In sociology, the East–West dichotomy is the perceived difference between the Eastern and the Western worlds. Cultural and religious rather than geographical in division, the boundaries of East and West are not fixed, but vary according to the criteria adopted by individuals using the term.

What is Western and Eastern psychology?

While Western psychology seems to reflect an attitude that the individual must be “helped” from without, by another person, Eastern attitudes are quite the opposite. Eastern, holistic perspectives recognize the interactive nature of reality, similar to the views of general systems theory.

What is the biggest contribution of Eastern philosophy to the world?

The most important characteristic of the Eastern world view – one could almost say the essence of it – is the awareness of the unity and mutual interrelation of all things and events, the experience of all phenomena in the world as manifestations of a basic oneness.

What is the similarities of Western and Eastern?

It is clear that both cultures are very similar in some ways, but they also show several key differences. Eastern and Western cultures resemble each other in some notable aspects. The first similarity is the adherence to religious beliefs. Both civilizations shape their lives according to their religious beliefs.

What considered Eastern?

Longitudes 20° W and 160° E are often considered its boundaries. Some geographers, however, define the Eastern Hemisphere as being the half of Earth that lies east of the Greenwich meridian (prime meridian, 0° longitude) continuing to the 180th meridian.

What are the characteristics of Eastern thought?

Eastern philosophies are quiet varied in their beliefs regarding deities, e.g. many of the philosophies have a high regard for proper behavior and deference to hierarchy, and nature is often reverenced as evidence of a natural order, but one key difference between Eastern and Western philosophy is a belief in the need …

What are Eastern values?

East believes the true key is inside. The inner world of a human being and his or her ability to control and develop it is of the highest value. The way to the top is inside yourself, through self-development and self-awareness. Westerners value success and achievement.

What difference exists between Eastern and Western cultural views on ideal living?

What contrast exists between Eastern and Western cultural views on optimal living? a. Eastern cultures view optimal living as spiritual transcendence, while Western cultures view it as a hopeful pursuit for better life on Earth.

How do Western and Eastern countries tend to differ in their values sociology?

Western countries like the U.S. tend to value individualism and stress the importance of each person’s own needs. Eastern Countries like China tend to value collectivism and stress the importance of groups over indiviuals.