Does Hofling support Milgram?
The Results of the Hofling Hospital Study
This study helped to support the conclusions made in the Milgram study without the notorious reputation of Migram’s experiments.
What was the purpose of the hospital replication study?
This experiment helped illustrate how one could be willing to do something they are ordered to do, even if they know what they are being ordered to do is wrong (such as giving a patient too much of a drug). This study was also very important in relation to the Milgram experiment.
Who is Charles Hofling?
Hofling, a psychiatrist, was the author of a field experiment that measured the concept of obedience in doctor/nurse relationships in 1966. In the experiment nurses (unaware they were in an experiment) were given orders, by doctors that they didn’t know, to administer “fatal” doses of a fictional drug to patients.
What did rank and Jacobson do?
Rank and Jacobson (1977) tried to replicate Hoflings study using a real drug which the nurses had heard of, but did not get similar results. They believed that the nurse’s knowledge of the drug, specifically the consequence of an overdose, meant they could justify their defiance to the doctor more easily.
Which of the following is true of Milgram’s 1963 1965 1974 research on obedience to authority?
Which of the following is true of Milgram’s (1963, 1965, 1974) research on obedience to authority? With each increment of shock voltage, fewer participants obeyed, but about 65% still administered 450 volts (the highest level).
What did Blass and Schmitt do?
Blass and Schmitt (2001) asked observers to explain who they thought was responsible for the harm caused to the learner in Milgram’s study. Most though the experimenter was responsible, so supporting the agentic state explanation. Legitimacy of authority is supported by cultural differences.
What alternative explanations could also account for obedience?
Explanations for obedience: agentic state and legitimacy of authority, and situational variables affecting obedience including proximity, location and uniform, as investigated by Milgram. Dispositional explanation for obedience: the Authoritarian Personality.
What is meant by legitimacy of authority?
In political science, legitimacy is the right and acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a regime. Whereas authority denotes a specific position in an established government, the term legitimacy denotes a system of government—wherein government denotes “sphere of influence”.
WHO has said legitimate power of authority?
Many years ago Max Weber (1921/1978), one of the founders of sociology discussed in earlier chapters, distinguished legitimate authority as a special type of power.
How can we tell that someone has legitimate authority?
Compliance and Obedience: Legal
A law has legitimacy when others feel obligated to obey it. A legitimate authority is one which is entitled to have its decisions and rules accepted and followed by others.
How can we tell that someone has legitimate authority in case you become an authority How would you use your power?
Legitimate authority. (sometimes just called authority), Weber said, is power whose use is considered just and appropriate by those over whom the power is exercised. In short, if a society approves of the exercise of power in a particular way, then that power is also legitimate authority.
What are 3 types of authority?
His three types of authority are traditional authority, charismatic authority and legal-rational authority (Weber 1922).