Have any metaphysics arguments been critiqued along the lines of Turing Equivalence in computer languages?

Did Alan Turing believe in free will?

Turing addressed this “controversy”, directly or indirectly, in all his papers on artificial intelligence . He did not explicitly claim that human beings do have free will, or that they do not; he allowed the possibility that “the feeling of free will which we all have is an illusion” (1951, p. 484).

What is the system reply to Searle’s argument?

Searle’s response to the Systems Reply is simple: in principle, he could internalize the entire system, memorizing all the instructions and the database, and doing all the calculations in his head. He could then leave the room and wander outdoors, perhaps even conversing in Chinese.

Is it possible for an appropriately programmed computer to have or develop a mind?

The appropriately programmed computer with the right inputs and outputs would thereby have a mind in exactly the same sense human beings have minds. The definition depends on the distinction between simulating a mind and actually having a mind.

What are qualia and what is the qualia problem?

There are many definitions of qualia, which have changed over time. One of the simpler, broader definitions is: “The ‘what it is like’ character of mental states. The way it feels to have mental states such as pain, seeing red, smelling a rose, etc.” C.S.

Why is it called the Turing test?

The Turing Test is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being. The test is named after Alan Turing, the founder of the Turing Test and an English computer scientist, cryptanalyst, mathematician and theoretical biologist.

Can computers have free will?

We may be deterministic, or we may have free will. (Quantum physics can make is unpredictable, but that’s not free will). Now imagine a computer, advanced enough to be equally capable as a human brain, with the means to express itself and act. No, you can’t program it to have free will.

Has any machine ever passed the Turing test?

The so-called Turing test is a three-person game in which a computer uses written communication to try to fool a human interrogator into thinking that it’s another person. Despite major advances in artificial intelligence, no computer has ever passed the Turing test.

Is the brain’s mind a computer program summary?

Strong AI claims that thinking is merely the manipulation of formal symbols, and that is exactly what the computer does: manipulate formal symbols. This view is often summarized by saying, “The mind is to the brain as the program is to the hardware.”

Can computers have self awareness and consciousness?

Since consciousness is the awareness of internal and external environments, and since computers and machines are aware of their environment, self-awareness is recognition of that consciousness. Since self-awareness does not require a biological origin, today’s machines can be categorized as self-aware.

Can Siri pass the Turing test?

Can Siri pass the Turing Test? Probably not. Siri would have to be able to convincingly carry out a conversation with a subject and be able to generate its own thoughts. So far, Siri only works with simple sentences and short phrases and is unable to carry out a full-blown conversation.

What is the Turing test in philosophy?

The phrase “The Turing Test” is most properly used to refer to a proposal made by Turing (1950) as a way of dealing with the question whether machines can think. According to Turing, the question whether machines can think is itself “too meaningless” to deserve discussion (442).

Can a human fail the Turing test?

Despite a few high-profile claims of success, the machines have so far failed — but surprisingly, a few humans have failed to be recognized as such, too. A new paper presents several instances during official Turing Test chats where the “judge” incorrectly identified the chat partner as a machine.

Do quantum computers have free will?

Quantum free will
Sadly, in some ways, my research showed no link between free will and fundamental physics. Decades of philosophical debate as to whether free will could be a quantum phenomenon has been chasing an unfounded myth. Imagine you are on stage, facing two envelopes.

Do animals have free will?

The idea may simply require “free will” to be redefined, but tests show that animal behaviour is neither completely constrained nor completely free. The paper, in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, suggests animals always have a range of options available to them.

Do robots have free will?

Robots ultimately lack the intentionality and free will necessary for moral agency, because they can only make morally charged decisions and actions as a result of what they were programmed to do.

Can AI be a moral agent?

Against this background, we identify two conditions of moral agency: internal and external. We argue further that the existing AI architectures are unable to meet the two conditions. In consequence, machines – at least at the current stage of their development – cannot be considered moral agents.

Are advanced algorithms taking our free will?

While big data and algorithms will increase our cognitive capacity, help us make better choices, and prevent diseases and disasters, they might gradually take over our lives and replace ‘free will’ and ‘intuition’, since each individual will try to optimize their choices, minimize chances of failure, and maximize their

Why robots are not moral agents?

It is almost a foregone conclusion that robots cannot be morally responsible agents, both because they lack traditional features of moral agency like consciousness, intentionality, or empathy and because of the apparent senselessness of holding them accountable.

Can a paralyzed person be a moral agent?

Traditionally, moral agency is assigned only to those who can be held responsible for their actions. Children, and adults with certain mental disabilities, may have little or no capacity to be moral agents.