Good (intro) textbook for deontic logic?

What is Deontic logic in philosophy?

Deontic logic is a branch of logic that has been the most concerned with the contribution that the following sorts of notions make to what follows from what (or what supports what, more generally): permissible (permitted) impermissible (forbidden, prohibited) obligatory (duty, required)

What is Deontic reasoning?

Deontic reasoning is thinking about whether actions are forbidden or allowed, obligatory or not obligatory.

What are Deontic conditionals?

Deontic conditional rules are intended to regulate people’s actions under certain conditions. Take, for example, the following two rules: (1) “If a person has a ticket, then this person may enter.” (2) “If there is a stop-sign at the crossroads, then the driver must stop.”

What is the difference between epistemic and deontic modality?

In general, deontic modality indicates obligation and permission, while epistemic modality expresses possibility and prediction. However, the uses are quite complicated since the distinction between deontic and epistemic modality is not a clear cut.

What is Deontic language?

Deontic modality (abbreviated DEO) is a linguistic modality that indicates how the world ought to be according to certain norms, expectations, speaker desires, etc.

How do you pronounce Deontic?

Welcome to own your words pronunciation deontic deontic it is an adjective pronunciation deontic deontic it is an adjective. If you like the video please hit the like.

Is May epistemic or Deontic?

Whether or not the verb is epistemic or deontic indicates if ‘something’ will happen or not. For example, the modal auxillary verb ‘will’ is deontic because it means that the subject of the sentence definitely will happen, whilst the modal auxillary verb ‘may’ is epistemic because the outcome is less definite.

Is have Deontic modality?

Words commonly thought to express deontic modalities include the auxiliary verbs ‘must’, ‘have to’, ‘may’, ‘can’, ‘should’ and ‘ought to ‘, but also the adjectives ‘obligatory’, ‘permissible’ and ‘impermissible’.

Is Must a Deontic modal?

The English language contains a number of expressions that often stand for concepts called the ‘deontic modals’. These expressions include ‘must’, ‘should’, ‘ought’, ‘may’, ‘can’ and the like.

What is alethic truth?

Alethic truth, Bhaskar (1994) tells us, is. a species of ontological truth constituting and following on the truth of, or real reason(s) for, or dialectical ground of, things, as distinct from. propositions, possible in virtue of the ontological stratification of the.

What is epistemic in linguistics?

Epistemic modality is a sub-type of linguistic modality that encompasses knowledge, belief, or credence in a proposition. Epistemic modality is exemplified by the English modals may, might, must. However, it occurs cross-linguistically, encoded in a wide variety of lexical items and grammatical structures.

What is another word for epistemic?

In this page you can discover 13 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for epistemic, like: teleological, epistemological, kantian, epistemology, rationality, essentialist, objectivist, folk-psychology, deontological, ontological and intentionality.

What is the subject of ontology?

Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality. It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level.

Is perhaps epistemic modality?

Yet, Tucker (2001) suggests that while perhaps/maybe are exclusively epistemic, possibly conveys primarily root –and more precisely, circumstantial (cf. Huddleston & Pullum 2002, p. 184-185)– possibility. Its epistemic reading is only a secondary sense inferable in certain contexts.

What does Epistemically possible mean?

An epistemic possibility is something that may be true, given the relevant epistemic constraints (for example, “Given what we know about the weather, it might rain tomorrow”), while an epistemic necessity is something that must be true given the relevant epistemic constraints (for example, “I don’t see Julie’s car in …

What is epistemic modality examples?

Examples. Sentences such as “John may be in his office” or “Mary could be at school by now” (Palmer 2001:26, 32) are examples of the expression of epistemic modality.

What is an epistemic marker?

Tim Vandenhoek. Musashi University. Abstract. The use of epistemic markers – words and phrases employed to show differing degrees of certainty and hesitation – is an important element of academic writing. Previous research has suggested that this is an area in which non-native speakers (NNS) struggle.

What is epistemic violence?

Epistemic violence is a failure of an audience to communicatively. reciprocate, either intentionally or unintentionally, in linguistic exchanges. owning to pernicious ignorance. Pernicious ignorance is a reliable ignorance or. a counterfactual incompetence that, in a given context, is harmful.

What is root modality?

2.1 Introduction. Root modal statements are statements about what must, may, should, or cannot be the case according to some set of circumstances in the world, rather than what is known by the speaker or a community to which the speaker belongs.