From given premises, how can you conjecture the conclusion before attempting any (dis)proof?

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Can a premise lead to more than one conclusion?

A conclusion is a statement in an argument that indicates of what the arguer is trying to convince the reader/listener. What is the argument trying to prove? There can be only one conclusion in a single argument.

Which of the following is a statement of fact or evidence used to support a conclusion?

argument

An argument is an assertion that contains both a conclusion and premises. It is a statement of fact or opinion that is based on evidence. Keep in mind that not all statements are arguments, and some statements may contain multiple arguments.

How many premises can an argument have?

Arguments can have any number of premises (even just one) and sub-conclusions. Often arguments have unstated premise(s), that is, premise(s) that need to be added for the premises to support the conclusion.

Can an invalid argument have a tautology as a conclusion?

Therefore, if the premises of a propositionally valid argument are tautologies, then its conclusion must be a tautology as well.
No propositionally valid argument can have a contradiction as a conclusion.

P (P∧¬P) ¬(P→P)
T F F
F F F

When a premise assumes the truth of the conclusion it is trying to support then this is called?

A form of circular reasoning, begging the question is one of the most common types of fallacies. It occurs when the premises that are meant to support an argument already assume that the conclusion is true.

How does a premise help create an argument?

A premise is a statement in an argument that provides evidence or reasons to form a conclusion. It contains the information that leads your audience to believe that your argument is true. An argument can have one or more premises.

What is the purpose of the conclusion of an argument?

The function of your paper’s conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of your main argument(s) and reiterates the most important evidence supporting those argument(s).

What are premise and conclusion indicators?

There may be one or more premise indicators, but not necessarily. Common conclusion indicators include thus, therefore, and ergo. Common premise indicators include because, since, as shown by, assuming that, and the reason is that. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.

When multiple premises give support to the same conclusion this is called?

1. Mutually. This means that the premises work together to support the conclusion. As a result, if you were to remove one or more premises, the argument would fail to support the conclusion.

What fallacy assumes that what is true for the whole is true for the parts?

Fallacy of composition

The fallacy of composition is an informal fallacy that arises when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that it is true of some part of the whole.

What does it mean to beg the question provide an example of an argument not taken from the text that begs the question?

The fallacy of begging the question occurs when an argument’s premises assume the truth of the conclusion, instead of supporting it. In other words, you assume without proof the stand/position, or a significant part of the stand, that is in question. Begging the question is also called arguing in a circle. Examples: 1.

What can happen when inductive reasoning about a person or group is based on too few examples?

Inductive reasoning fallacy that occurs when too few examples are cited to warrant a conclusion.

Why can you never be sure that a conclusion you arrived at using inductive reasoning is true?

In an inductive argument the conclusion is, at best, probable. The conclusion is not always true when the premises are true. The probability of the conclusion depends on the strength of the inference from the premises.

When we make use of many experiences and examples to arrive at generalized conclusion it is called?

Inductive reasoning begins with observations that are specific and limited in scope, and proceeds to a generalized conclusion that is likely, but not certain, in light of accumulated evidence. You could say that inductive reasoning moves from the specific to the general.

What offers the advantage of drawing conclusions quickly without testing every possible example?

Use a representative sample. “drawing conclusions quickly without testing every possible example” does not have an advantage over any other method.

Which form of reasoning is the process of drawing a specific conclusion from a set of premises?

Inductive reasoning, or inductive logic, is a type of reasoning that involves drawing a general conclusion from a set of specific observations. Some people think of inductive reasoning as “bottom-up” logic, because it involves widening specific premises out into broader generalizations.

Which of the following is an approach in drawing conclusions wherein a test statistic is compared with a critical value?

What is P-value? In critical value approach, a test statistic is compared with a critical value.

How can you tell that a statement shows inductive reasoning or deductive reasoning?

If the arguer believes that the truth of the premises definitely establishes the truth of the conclusion, then the argument is deductive. If the arguer believes that the truth of the premises provides only good reasons to believe the conclusion is probably true, then the argument is inductive.

What do you mean by inductive and deductive method of reasoning?

Deductive reasoning, or deduction, is making an inference based on widely accepted facts or premises. If a beverage is defined as “drinkable through a straw,” one could use deduction to determine soup to be a beverage. Inductive reasoning, or induction, is making an inference based on an observation, often of a sample.

How do we use inductive reasoning in everyday life explain with an example?

In causal inference inductive reasoning, you use inductive logic to draw a causal link between a premise and hypothesis. As an example: In the summer, there are ducks on our pond. Therefore, summer will bring ducks to our pond.

What is the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning examples?

Inductive reasoning involves starting from specific premises and forming a general conclusion, while deductive reasoning involves using general premises to form a specific conclusion. Conclusions reached via deductive reasoning cannot be incorrect if the premises are true.

Why does qualitative research use inductive reasoning Brainly?

Qualitative research is often said to employ inductive thinking or induction reasoning since it moves from specific observations about individual occurrences to broader generalizations and theories.

How can inductive and deductive reasoning be used to solve problems?

deductive reasoning. Where inductive thinking uses experience and proven observations to guess the outcome, deductive reasoning uses theories and beliefs to rationalize and prove a specific conclusion. The goal of inductive reasoning is to predict a likely outcome, while the goal of deductive reasoning to prove a fact.