What is Kierkegaard most famous for?
In addition to being dubbed “the father of existentialism,” Kierkegaard is best known as a trenchant critic of Hegel and Hegelianism and for his invention or elaboration of a host of philosophical, psychological, literary and theological categories, including: anxiety, despair, melancholy, repetition, inwardness, irony …
What is Kierkegaard’s philosophy of life?
Kierkegaard claims that the only way to make life worthwhile is to embrace faith in God, and that faith necessarily involves embracing the absurd. One has faith in God, but one cannot believe in God. We believe in things that we can prove, but we can only have faith in things that are beyond our understanding.
What is Kierkegaard’s theory?
The divine command theory is a metaethical theory which claims moral values are whatever is commanded by a god or gods. However, Kierkegaard is not arguing that morality is created by God; instead, he would argue that a divine command from God transcends ethics.
Is Kierkegaard a common name?
How Common Is The Last Name Kierkegaard? The surname Kierkegaard is the 563,577th most commonly occurring surname internationally, borne by around 1 in 12,967,164 people.
Does Kierkegaard believe in God?
Kierkegaard believed that Christianity was not a doctrine to be taught, but rather a life to be lived. He considered that many Christians who were relying totally on external proofs of God were missing out a true Christian experience, which is precisely the relationship one individual can have with God.
What are Kierkegaard main ideas?
Some of Kierkegaard’s key ideas include the concept of “subjective and objective truths”, the knight of faith, the recollection and repetition dichotomy, angst, the infinite qualitative distinction, faith as a passion, and the three stages on life’s way.
What is truth according to Kierkegaard?
Kierkegaard’s definition of “truth”: “An objective uncertainty held fast in an appropriation-process of the most passionate inwardness is the truth, the highest truth attainable for the individual.” It is not so much as what is believed as it is how it is believed.
How did Kierkegaard View man?
Kierkegaard believed that a human being’s relationship with God must be hard-won, a matter of devotion and suffering. According to Kierkegaard, a person becomes a committed, responsible human being by making difficult decisions and sacrifices.
What are the three stages of life according to Kierkegaard?
In the pseudonymous works of Kierkegaard’s first literary period, three stages on life’s way, or three spheres of existence, are distinguished: the aesthetic, the ethical, and the religious.
Was Kierkegaard a nihilist?
Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855): The nineteenth century Danish theologian Søren Kierkegaard—who many academics regard among the first existentialist philosophers—wrote about nihilism, calling it “leveling.” Kierkegaard felt that leveling was not a positive thing, because the problem of nihilism was that it meant …
Did Kierkegaard believe in free will?
According to Kierkegaard, free will can be achieved through the three stages of existence. Kierkegaard stresses the importance of how the three stages of existence influence one’s decisions thus determining his or her quality or character.
How did Kierkegaard suggest we find life’s greatest meaning?
Concluding Unscientific Postscript) (4) A fourth idea about meaning in Kierkegaard is the idea that one can give one’s life meaning, or that one can acquire meaning in life, by doing something like devoting oneself to something.
What faith does Kierkegaard think?
we can have faith, or we can take offense. What we cannot do, according to Kierkegaard, is believe by virtue of reason. If we choose faith we must suspend our reason in order to believe in something higher than reason. In fact we must believe by virtue of the absurd.
What is Kierkegaard’s paradox?
A paradox for Kierkegaard is a situation in which two opposite values or views collide. Faith, for example, is a paradox to Kierkegaard since it favors the individual over the universal, while (Hegelian) ethics says the opposite.
What is the absurd Kierkegaard?
The absurd is something or a state which cannot be rationally explained. It could be said that for Kierkegaard the absurd is any action which happens without a rational reason to justify it.
Is Kierkegaard a rationalist or empiricist?
In addition to downplaying the irrationality of Kierkegaard, he maintains that Kierkegaard is actually a “robustly rational thinker” (7).
What does Kierkegaard say about faith in Fear and Trembling?
Kierkegaard believes that faith in God is the key to human happiness, but in Fear and Trembling he also explains that real faith is hard to attain because it also means embracing the absurd.
What makes Kierkegaard an existentialist?
For his emphasis on individual existence—particularly religious existence—as a constant process of becoming and for his invocation of the associated concepts of authenticity, commitment, responsibility, anxiety, and dread, Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered the father of existentialism.
Is Kierkegaard a knight of faith?
Kierkegaard used his book Fear and Trembling to make the claim that Abraham, Mary and a tax collector were also knights of faith.