# Flow charting a philosophical argument?

Contents

## How do you diagram a philosophical argument?

First each of the propositions in the argument we're diagramming will be assigned a number just as we would do with a standard reconstruction. We'll place these numbers within circles.

## What are the 4 types of arguments in logic?

Hence there are four types of arguments: conclusive a priori, defeasible a priori, defeasible a posteriori, and prima facie conclusive a posteriori.

## How do you explain an argument in philosophy?

In philosophy, an argument is a connected series of statements, including at least one premise, intended to demonstrate that another statement, the conclusion, is true.

## What is an argument diagram how do we diagram an argument?

Description. Argument Diagramming provides an introduction to exploring and understanding arguments by explaining what the parts of an argument are, and how to break arguments into their parts and create diagrams to show how those parts relate to each other.

## What are some indicators of an argument?

It is very common to use a conclusion indicator to stress the part of an argument that is being argued for. Arguments can also have premise indicators.

What is an argument?

Conclusion indicators Premise indicators
Therefore Because
Thus Since
Hence Supposing that
Consequently Assuming that

## How do you distill an argument?

Terms in this set (31)

1. distilling arguments. to identify, isolate, and extract the main thrust of an argument from a text.
2. first step. determine whether passage contains an arguments.
3. second step. identify the conclusion.
4. third step. …
5. fourth step. …
6. fifth step. …
7. conclusion indicator words. …
8. more than one conclusion.

## How do you critically evaluate a philosophical argument?

1. Identify the conclusion and the premises.
2. Put the argument in standard form.
3. Decide if the argument is deductive or non-deductive.
4. Determine whether the argument succeeds logically.
5. If the argument succeeds logically, assess whether the premises are true.

## What are the two types of arguments in philosophy?

In general, there are two kinds of argument:

• Deductive Arguments.
• Inductive Arguments.

## How do you defend a philosophical argument?

In the main part you should stick to the central rule of paragraph development: Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that expresses only one point, and develop the point in the paragraph. Recall that in a good argument the conclusion follows deductively or inductively from the premises, and the premises are true.

## Which of the following words often indicates a premise of a philosophical argument?

words “for,” “because,” “as,” and “for the reason that” are all premise indicators. In the strict sense of the terms, inference and argument have exactly the same meaning.

## What are the three parts of an arguments?

An argument is a connected series of statements that create a logical, clear, and defined statement. There are three stages to creating a logical argument: Premise, inference, and conclusion.

## What are indicator words and how can they help you locate arguments?

Indicator words provide assistance to you when you are trying to identify an argument and its parts. The phrase Since carrots are full of vitamins uses the indicator word ‘since’ which is often associated with premises. The last part of the sentence uses the phrase, ‘it follows that’ to show that it is a conclusion.

## How do you write a good philosophical essay?

In order to produce a good philosophy paper, it is first necessary to think very carefully and clearly about your topic.

SOME SUGGESTIONS FOR WRITING YOUR PHILOSOPHY PAPER

1. Organize carefully. …
2. Use the right words. …
4. Give credit. …
5. Anticipate objections. …
6. Edit boldly.

## When diagramming an argument an arrow means?

Using arrows to mean “is offered as evidence for,” creat a kind of flowchart that shows which premises are intended to support which conclusions. The fifth step of diagramming an argument. Indicate independent premises by drawing arrows directly from the premises to the conclusions they are claimed to support.

## When diagramming arguments How do we depict dependent premises?

A linked diagram shows an argument with dependent premises. A divergent diagram shows a single premise supporting independent conclusions. Finally, a serial diagram shows a conclusion from one argument is a premise in a second argument.

## How do you identify premises and conclusions in arguments?

If it’s being offered as a reason to believe another claim, then it’s functioning as a premise. If it’s expressing the main point of the argument, what the argument is trying to persuade you to accept, then it’s the conclusion. There are words and phrases that indicate premises too.

## What are indicator words and how can they help you locate arguments?

Indicator words provide assistance to you when you are trying to identify an argument and its parts. The phrase Since carrots are full of vitamins uses the indicator word ‘since’ which is often associated with premises. The last part of the sentence uses the phrase, ‘it follows that’ to show that it is a conclusion.

## How do we evaluate arguments?

When evaluating an argument, here are some things that you might consider:

1. Who is making the argument?
2. What gives them authority to make the argument?
3. What evidence is given in support of the argument? …
4. Does the evidence upon which the argument is based come from a reliable and independent source?

## Which of the following words and phrases are premise indicators?

words “for,” “because,” “as,” and “for the reason that” are all premise indicators. In the strict sense of the terms, inference and argument have exactly the same meaning.

## Do all arguments have a premise?

TRUE: A valid argument cannot have all true premises and a false conclusion. So if a valid argument does have a false conclusion, it cannot have all true premises. Thus at least one premise must be false.

## How many premises does an argument have?

In logic, an argument requires a set of (at least) two declarative sentences (or “propositions”) known as the “premises” (or “premisses”), along with another declarative sentence (or “proposition”), known as the conclusion. This structure of two premises and one conclusion forms the basic argumentative structure.

## What is an example of a premise indicator?

A premise indicator is a synonym for “because.” Here are some examples: Abortion is wrong because life is present from the moment of conception. Since life is present from the moment of conception, abortion is wrong.

## What are premise indicators in philosophy?

Premise Indicators

They indicate that something is coming. Since we’ve got two basic components to an argument, we’ve also got two basic kinds of indicators. First, are the premise indicators, also sometimes called ‘reason indicators’ because they make it clear that a reason for this argument is coming.

## What is the premise indicator of this argument?

The word ‘therefore’ is what we call a conclusion indicator. It is very common to use a conclusion indicator to stress the part of an argument that is being argued for. Arguments can also have premise indicators.

What is an argument?

Conclusion indicators Premise indicators
Consequently Assuming that
Ergo Given that

## What is an inductive argument in philosophy?

An inductive argument is an argument that is intended by the arguer to be strong enough that, if the premises were to be true, then it would be unlikely that the conclusion is false. So, an inductive argument’s success or strength is a matter of degree, unlike with deductive arguments.

## What is an analogical argument in philosophy?

An analogical argument is an explicit representation of a form of analogical reasoning that cites accepted similarities between two systems to support the conclusion that some further similarity exists.

## What is a sound argument philosophy?

A sound argument is one that is not only valid, but begins with premises that are actually true. The example given about toasters is valid, but not sound. However, the following argument is both valid and sound: In some states, no felons are eligible voters, that is, eligible to vote.