“No matter how thin you slice it, there will always be two sides.” “If you want the present to be different from the past, study the past.” “Everything excellent is as difficult as it is rare.” “I have made a ceaseless effort not to ridicule, not to bewail, not to scorn human actions, but to understand them.”
What Spinoza said about God?
Spinoza believed that God is “the sum of the natural and physical laws of the universe and certainly not an individual entity or creator”.
What were the ideas of Spinoza?
Spinoza’s most famous and provocative idea is that God is not the creator of the world, but that the world is part of God. This is often identified as pantheism, the doctrine that God and the world are the same thing – which conflicts with both Jewish and Christian teachings.
How do you quote Spinoza’s Ethics?
Citations to Spinoza’s Ethics give the part in roman capitals, then the proposition, definition, or axiom number, (e.g., p13, or d5)), and then specify whether the cited material is in a scholium (s), corollary (c), or lemma (l).
How does Spinoza define thought?
Spinoza is claiming here that a mode X under the attribute of Thought is one and the same as mode X under Attributey. A good way to get some intuitive sense of this is to see how this works with respect to ourselves. Under the attribute of Thought, I am a finite mode—an idea or mind.
How does Spinoza define love?
Spinoza’s concept of love. Spinoza defines love in 3p13s: ‘love is nothing but joy with the accompanying idea of an external cause‘. Love is an affect; affects are changes in the power of the body and mind. Joy is an increase of power to act, sadness a decrease in power.
How does Spinoza define decision from the standpoint of thought and how does he define it from the standpoint of extension?
How does Spinoza define “decision” from the standpoint of thought, and how does he define it from the standpoint of extension? A mental decision is regarded under the attribute of thought is a caused idea. A decision as a conditioned state or appetite is regarded under the attribute of extension.