Eternal universe vs. creation in greek phillosophy?

Did Aristotle believe the universe was eternal?

Aristotle. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle argued that the world must have existed from eternity in his Physics as follows. In Book I, he argues that everything that comes into existence does so from a substratum.

What did Plato say about the universe?

Plato, the Greek philosopher who lived in the 5th century B.C.E., believed that the universe was made of five types of matter: earth, air, fire, water, and cosmos. Each was described with a particular geometry, a platonic shape. For earth, that shape was the cube.

What is philosophical theory of eternity?

According to Tatevatsi the notion of eternity of the world stems from the eternal and immutable nature of the God: «As the God Self is everlasting, staying and eternal, likewise the world, the result of His glorious Business, will be staying and everlasting.

How did Aristotle view the world?

Thales believed the Earth was flat and floated on water like a log. Aristotle, who lived from 384 to 322 BC, believed the Earth was round. He thought Earth was the center of the universe and that the Sun, Moon, planets, and all the fixed stars revolved around it.

What did Socrates believe in philosophy?

Philosophy. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

Does Socrates believe in God?

Socrates also believes in deity, but his conception is completely different from the typical Athenians. While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose.

Is eternal and eternity the same?

Eternity, in common parlance, means infinite time that never ends (or the quality, condition or fact of being eternal).

What is eternal existence?

infinite time; duration without beginning or end. 2. eternal existence, esp. as contrasted with mortal life.

Is God eternal or everlasting?

They thought of God as eternal, in the sense that he is timeless or atemporal. Now, the dominant view among philosophers is that God is temporal. His eternal nature is thought of as being everlasting rather than timeless. He never came into existence and he will never go out of existence but he exists within time.

What did Aristotle believe?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What are 4 things that Socrates believed in?

Though Socrates characteristically professed his own ignorance regarding many of the (mainly ethical) subjects he investigated (e.g., the nature of piety), he did hold certain convictions with confidence, including that: (1) human wisdom begins with the recognition of one’s own ignorance; (2) the unexamined life is not …

What is Socrates most famous statement?

The unexamined life is not worth living.” “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.”

What did Aristotle believe?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

How does Aristotle define the universal?

In Aristotle’s view, universals are incorporeal and universal, but only exist only where they are instantiated; they exist only in things. Aristotle said that a universal is identical in each of its instances. All red things are similar in that there is the same universal, redness, in each thing.

What did Aristotle believe in astronomy?

Aristotle believed that the universe was spherical and finite. He also believed that the earth was a sphere, much smaller than the stars. To support his theory, he used observations from lunar eclipses stating that lunar eclipses would not show segments with a curved outline if the earth were not spherical.

What did Aristotle’s new theory say?

In Aristotle’s time, atomists held that matter was fundamentally constructed out of atoms. These atoms were indivisible and uniform, of various sizes and shapes, and capable only of change in respect of position and motion, but not intrinsic qualities.

Why was Aristotle atomic theory wrong?

He believed that instead of being matter being made of tiny particles (atoms) that they were all fundamentally air, fire, water, and earth. Aristotle believed that there could be no base unit of matter. He argued against the existence of the atom. Aristotle’s theory has been proven incorrect.

Why did Aristotle disagree with Democritus?

He theorized that all material bodies are made up of indivisibly small “atoms.” Aristotle famously rejected atomism in On Generation and Corruption. Aristotle refused to believe that the whole of reality is reducible to a system of atoms, as Democritus said.

What did Aristotle believe everything in the world was made of?

Aristotle believed that four classical elements make up everything in the terrestrial spheres: earth, air, fire and water. He also held that the heavens are made of a special weightless and incorruptible (i.e. unchangeable) fifth element called “aether”.

Did Aristotle believe in heaven?

As substances, celestial bodies have matter (aether) and form (a given period of uniform rotation). Sometimes Aristotle seems to regard them as living beings with a rational soul as their form (see also Metaphysics, bk. XII). Aristotle proposed a geocentric model of the universe in On the Heavens.

How did Aristotle know the Earth was round?

Aristotle (384-322 BC) was among the first to recognize the fact of our planet being a round sphere. He observed lunar eclipses and noticed that only a round sphere could imply a circular shadow. This astronomical observation was confirmed by general observations made at sea.

How did Aristotle explain why objects fall back to earth?

The things that are in accordance with nature include both these and whatever belongs to them in their own right, as travelling upward belongs to fire … So Aristotle argues that the stone falls because it has a “nature within it” which causes its motion to its natural place which is the centre of the Earth.

What did Galileo believe about falling objects?

Galileo Galilei—an Italian mathematician, scientist, and philosopher born in 1564—recognized that in a vacuum, all falling objects would accelerate at the same rate regardless of their size, shape, or mass. He arrived at that conclusion after extensive thought experiments and real-world investigations.

What is the focus of Aristotle and Galileo’s idea?

Aristotle says that the heavier things are, the quicker they will fall, whereas Galileo felt that the mass of an object made no difference to the speed at which it fell. Year 5 experimented to find out who was right by dropping things of the same weight but different shape and the same shape by different weights.

What was Aristotle’s theory on falling objects?

The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle said that objects fall because each of the four elements (earth, air, fire, and water) had their natural place, and these elements had a tendency to move back toward their natural place.

How did Galileo disprove Aristotle?

According to the story, Galileo discovered through this experiment that the objects fell with the same acceleration, proving his prediction true, while at the same time disproving Aristotle’s theory of gravity (which states that objects fall at speed proportional to their mass).

What is the difference between Aristotle and Galileo ideas about motion?

The Difference between Aristotle’s concept of motion and Galileo’s notion of motion is eleven o’clock That aristotle Affirmed That force is removed from an object it will stop while Galileo said an objects motion is stopped Because of the force of friction.