Does the number of alternatives in a multiple choice question affect the learning output?


How many alternatives are recommended to be included in a multiple-choice question?

Abstract. Textbook writers often recommend four or five options per multiple-choice item, and most, if not all, testing programs in the United States also employ four or five options.

What are the weaknesses of multiple choice questions?

Disadvantages of MCQs

  • The Guessing Game. Since there are defined options and one has to be the correct answer, students might resort to guessing or tic tac toe technique to tick the right answer. …
  • Creates More Confusion. …
  • Only a Part of The Concept is Tested.

What is the importance of analyzing the options in each item in a multiple-choice test?

It is important to evaluate MCQ items to see how effective they are in assessing the knowledge of students. Postexamination analysis of the MCQs helps to assess the quality of individual test items and test as a whole. Poor items can be modified or removed from the store of questions.

How does a multiple-choice item designed to measure knowledge outcomes?

A multiple choice item has a stem which asks a question, describes data or presents a situation. The responses include a keyed correct response and three or four distractors or foils. The way the item is framed and the type of response required determines whether the item is Recall, Interpretation, or Problem Solving.

Which statement is used when we need to choose one among number of alternatives?

Selecting one from the various alternatives is called decision making. When trying to make a good decision, a person must weigh the positives and negatives of each option, and consider all the best possible alternative.

How many distractors should a multiple-choice item have?

two distractors

Theory and analytical work on multiple-choice questions (MCQs) suggest that three options—one correct answer and two distractors—are optimal for the single-best answer format (Grier 1975; Lord 1944; Tversky 1964).

What are some advantages and disadvantages to using multiple-choice questions?

Pros and cons of multiple choice questions

  • Quick and simple to answer. …
  • You can potentially ask more questions. …
  • Mobile friendly. …
  • Simple to analyse. …
  • They can be time-consuming to create. …
  • The data they produce is solely quantitative. …
  • They can limit the respondent in their answers.

What is the advantages of multiple-choice?

With a multiple-choice question, the answer is selected, not generated. Students also think they’re easier because they’re are used to multiple-choice questions that test recall, ask for definitions, or have answers that can be memorized without being all that well understood.

What is the main disadvantage of true or false questions?

Disadvantages of True and False Questions:

There’s a 50% chance of users getting the question correct. Hard to determine who knows the material and who doesn’t. Can be “too easy” Users can just check an answer without any comprehension of the question.

Are multiple-choice tests effective?

Multiple choice test items are less susceptible to guessing than true/false questions, making them a more reliable means of assessment. The reliability is enhanced when the number of MC items focused on a single learning objective is increased.

Are multiple choice questions an accurate measure of one’s knowledge?

In sum, multiple-choice items are an inexpensive and efficient way to check on factual (“declarative”) knowledge and routine procedures. However, they are not useful for assessing critical or higher order thinking in a subject, the ability to write, or the ability to apply knowledge or solve problems.

Why multiple-choice question are widely used types of test items?

Multiple-choice tests are very popular in education for a variety of reasons – they are easy to grade, offer greater objectivity, and can allow more content to be covered on a single test. As a result of its popularity and utility, multiple-choice testing has been the focus of a lot of research.

Why multiple choice tests are better than essay tests?

According to Vanderbilt University, “because students can typically answer a multiple choice item much more quickly than an essay question, tests based on multiple choice items can typically focus on a relatively broad representation of course material, thus increasing the validity of the assessment.”

Are multiple choice tests better than essay tests?

MCQ scores were significantly higher (P 0.01) than essay scores for each of the groups when analyzed by two-way ANOVA. The results of this study suggest that for most students, the strong correlation between scores on MCQs and essay questions indicates that student performance was independent of testing format.

Why do multiple choice items tend to provide higher test validity and reliability than the essay type?

Validity and Reliability

Well-designed multiple choice tests are generally more valid and reliable than essay tests because (a) they sample material more broadly; (b) discrimination between performance levels is easier to determine; and (c) scoring consistency is virtually guaranteed.

What do multiple choice questions assess?

They assess students’ ability to recognise a correct answer, rather than to construct an answer.
They can be used to assess students’ ability to:

  • recall information;
  • interpret graphs and diagrams;
  • understand concepts;
  • discriminate between fact and opinion;
  • make inferences from data; and.
  • solve problems.

How do you test the validity and reliability of a multiple choice question?

Validity was assessed by comparing an index of expected MCQ difficulty with an index of observed MCQ difficulty, while reliability was assessed via Cronbach’s alpha coefficient before and after replacement of consistently non-functioning distractors.

Which of the following should be considered when creating multiple choice items?

Designing alternatives

  • Limit the number of alternatives. …
  • Make sure there is only one best answer. …
  • Make the distractors appealing and plausible. …
  • Make the choices gramatically consistent with the stem. …
  • Place the choices in some meaningful order. …
  • Randomly distribute the correct response. …
  • Avoid using “all of the above”.

How do you create an effective multiple-choice question?

  1. 1 Write the stem (the problem or question) The stem should be meaningful by itself and should present a definite problem. …
  2. 2 Write the correct answer. The answer should be clear and concise. …
  3. 3 Write the distractors. Use plausible distractors (wrong-response options) …
  4. 4 Review and revise. Encourage Higher-Order Thinking.
  5. What is the technical name used for the question or statement in a multiple-choice question?

    The stem is the opening—a problem to be solved, a question asked, or an incomplete statement to be completed. The options are the possible answers that the examinee can choose from, with the correct answer called the key and the incorrect answers called distractors.

    How do you do multiple choice questions?

    Multiple-Choice Test Taking Tips and Strategies

    1. Read the entire question. …
    2. Answer it in your mind first. …
    3. Eliminate wrong answers. …
    4. Use the process of elimination. …
    5. Select the best answer. …
    6. Read every answer option. …
    7. Answer the questions you know first. …
    8. Make an educated guess.

    Can multiple-choice questions have more than one answer?

    Notice if you were in a “Multiple Choice” question, the “Correct Answer” would simply move to that question row. You cannot have more than one correct answer in “Multiple Choice.”

    When you take a multiple-choice test you are relying in?

    When you take a multiple-choice test, you are relying on recognition to help you choose the correct answer. Here is another example. Let’s say you graduated from high school 10 years ago, and you have returned to your hometown for your 10-year reunion.

    What is it important to do when answering multiple-choice questions quizlet?

    Terms in this set (6)

    • Read the question.
    • Read all answers to the question.
    • Go back to the problem and underline/highlight important details.
    • If there is a graphic, LOOK OVER IT.
    • Eliminate any incorrect choices.
    • Check to make sure you are marking the correct answer on your answer document.

    When answering multiple choice questions you should choose the best answer not just any answer that could conceivably be true?

    When answering multiple-choice questions, you should choose the best answer, not just any answer that could conceivably be true. The multiple choice answer “all of the above” is often, but not always, the correct answer. One part of getting a good job is showcasing you best qualities to prospective employers.

    When answering a multiple choice question the first thing you should do is?

    Use this 4 step process to answer any multiple choice question like you’re getting paid to do it.

    1. Know what each multiple choice question is asking. …
    2. Evaluate each answer to the multiple choice question. …
    3. Eliminate each clearly wrong answer. …
    4. If all else fails, guess like a street magician.