Does Plantinga believe in God?
More specifically, Plantinga argues that belief in God is properly basic, and due to a religious externalist epistemology, he claims belief in God could be justified independently of evidence.
Does Alvin Plantinga believe in free will?
Plantinga rejects the compatibilist notion of freedom whereby God could directly cause agents to only do good without sacrificing their freedom.
What is Plantinga’s solution to the problem of evil?
Plantinga claims God and evil could co-exist if God had a morally sufficient reason for allowing evil. He suggests that God’s morally sufficient reason might have something to do with humans being granted morally significant free will and with the greater goods this freedom makes possible.
What are the three Theodicies?
Thomas Aquinas, the 13th-century Dominican theologian, and in the Theodicy (1710), by the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. According to Leibniz, there are three forms of evil in the world: moral, physical, and metaphysical.
What is Alvin Plantinga’s modal argument for God’s existence?
The original argument basically examines God’s place as a necessary being and unfolds logically why He must exist. As we also learned, modal logic is a way of argument that shows how beings possibly and necessarily exist, thus leading to the conclusion that some beings must necessarily exist.
What is the free will Defence as articulated by Alvin Plantinga?
Plantinga’s Free Will Defense goes as follows: “A world containing creatures who are significantly free (and freely perform more good than evil actions) is more valuable, all else being equal, than a world containing no free creatures at all.
What are the 3 main arguments for the existence of God?
There is certainly no shortage of arguments that purport to establish God’s existence, but ‘Arguments for the existence of God’ focuses on three of the most influential arguments: the cosmological argument, the design argument, and the argument from religious experience.
WHO rejects the ontological argument for the existence of God?
Aquinas rejects the ontological argument for the existence of God. According to Aquinas, it is impossible that something that undergoes change to cause that change. According to Aquinas, something can be its own efficient cause.
What is the teleological argument for God?
The basic premise, of all teleological arguments for the existence of God, is that the world exhibits an intelligent purpose based on experience from nature such as its order, unity, coherency, design and complexity.
What is a teleological view?
Teleology is a philosophical idea that things have goals or causes. It is the “view that developments are due to the purpose or design which is served by them”. An example would be Aristotle’s view of nature, later adopted by the Catholic Church.
Are humans teleological?
Abstract. Human beings are predisposed to think of evolution as teleological—i.e., having a purpose or directive principle—and the ways scientists talk about natural selection can feed this predisposition.