What is Derek Parfit’s view on personal identity?
ABSTRACT: In Reasons and Persons, Derek Parfit argues for a Reductionist View of personal identity. According to a Reductionist, persons are nothing over and above the existence of certain mental and/or physical states and their various relations.
Is Consequentialism self defeating?
(2) Consequentialism is the theory or family of theories of morality which holds that there is one moral aim, that outcomes be as good as possible. Parfit argues that Consequentialism is not directly collectively self-defeating, hence may be a candidate for the proper moral theory.
Is Parfit a utilitarian?
In Reasons and Persons’ Parfit focuses on several utilitarian issues.
Is Derek Parfit a consequentialist?
The form of Consequentialism that Parfit argues is compatible with Kantianism and Contractualism is Rule Consequentialism. This has led many to assume that Parfit does not believe that Act Consequentialism is a defensible form of Consequentialism.
What was Parfit’s initial conclusion to the non identity problem?
In Derek Parfit’s original formulation the Repugnant Conclusion is stated as follows: “For any possible population of at least ten billion people, all with a very high quality of life, there must be some much larger imaginable population whose existence, if other things are equal, would be better even though its
What matters Parfit summary?
Summary. Parfit defends an objective ethical theory and suggests that we have reasons to act that cannot be accounted for by subjective ethical theories.
What is the point of Parfit’s Replicator thought experiment?
Using thought experiments such as these, Parfit argues that any criteria we attempt to use to determine sameness of person will be lacking, because there is no further fact. What matters, to Parfit, is simply “Relation R”, psychological connectedness, including memory, personality, and so on.
Why our identity is not what matters Parfit summary?
Abstract. Derek Parfit famously argued that personal identity is not what matters for prudential concern about the future. Instead, he argues what matters is Relation R, a combination of psychological connectedness and continuity with any cause.
What are the three incompatible moral intuitions that make up the non identity problem?
More precisely, the nonidentity problem is the inability to simultaneously hold the following beliefs: (1) a person-affecting view; (2) bringing someone into existence whose life is worth living, albeit flawed, is not “bad for” that person; (3) some acts of bringing someone into existence are wrong even if they are not