Does medication to treat Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder reduce associated cognitive deficits?

How effective is medication for OCD?

Medication is an effective treatment for OCD. About 7 out of 10 people with OCD will benefit from either medication or Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP). For the people who benefit from medication, they usually see their OCD symptoms reduced by 40-60%.

What are the cognitive deficits in OCD?

Results: Patients with OCD were significantly impaired in tasks that measured visuospatial memory, executive function, verbal memory and verbal fluency, whereas auditory attention was preserved in these individuals. The largest effect size was found in the ability to recall complex visual stimuli.

Is cognitive therapy good for OCD?

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) encompasses a range of therapy techniques that are highly beneficial in treating obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), including exposure and response prevention and cognitive restructuring. Most people who receive CBT treatment for OCD start noticing improvements within weeks.

Are people with OCD cognitively impaired?

Our study demonstrated selective cognitive deficits in patients with OCD that were not observed in matched controls or in patients with unipolar depression or panic disorder. The patients with OCD demonstrated impaired spatial working memory, speed of motor initiation and execution, and spatial recognition.

Can OCD be cured with medication?

Depending on the severity of OCD , some people may need long-term, ongoing or more intensive treatment. The two main treatments for OCD are psychotherapy and medications. Often, treatment is most effective with a combination of these.

How do SSRIs treat OCD?

An SSRI can help improve OCD symptoms by increasing the levels of a chemical called serotonin in your brain. You may need to take an SSRI for 12 weeks before you notice any benefit. Most people need treatment for at least a year.

Can OCD cause cognitive?

Background. Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with cognitive dysfunction. Although there are several studies focused on the neurobiology of OCD, little is known about the biological correlates of the cognitive deficit linked to this disorder.

Is OCD a neurocognitive?

Background: Studies have shown that in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), there is impairment of neurocognitive functioning during the symptomatic phase. However, studies that explore the “state or trait” dependent nature of these neurocognitive deficits are largely lacking.

What are some common symptoms that patients experience when affected by OCD?


  • Fear of contamination or dirt.
  • Doubting and having difficulty tolerating uncertainty.
  • Needing things orderly and symmetrical.
  • Aggressive or horrific thoughts about losing control and harming yourself or others.
  • Unwanted thoughts, including aggression, or sexual or religious subjects.

How does OCD affect memory?

Pathological doubt, often found in individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), has been theoretically linked to memory deficits, but empirical evidence for such deficits has been mixed. In contrast, many studies suggest that individuals with OCD have low confidence in their memories.

Can OCD affect executive function?

It is thought that OCD is related to a dysfunction in prefrontal cortex and subcortical brain circuits and that this dysfunction impairs an executive function characteristic, the ability of set-shifting (6).

What are the Behavioural characteristics of OCD?

Common types of compulsive behaviour in people with OCD include:

  • cleaning and hand washing.
  • checking – such as checking doors are locked or that the gas is off.
  • counting.
  • ordering and arranging.
  • hoarding.
  • asking for reassurance.
  • repeating words in their head.
  • thinking “neutralising” thoughts to counter the obsessive thoughts.

What is the root cause of OCD?

Experts aren’t sure of the exact cause of OCD. Genetics, brain abnormalities, and the environment are thought to play a role. It often starts in the teens or early adulthood. But, it can also start in childhood.

How does OCD affect a person emotionally?

Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) often experience aversive emotions such as anxiety, fear and disgust in response to obsessive thoughts, urges or images.

How does OCD affect the brain?

Unfortunately, obsessive-compulsive disorder diminishes the amount of grey matter in the brain, making people with OCD less able to control their impulses. Low levels of grey matter can also change the way you process information, making you more likely to obsess over “bad thoughts” whether you intend to or not.

Is OCD reversible?

There is no cure, unfortunately, but many people with OCD are able to get substantial control over their symptoms with proper treatment.

Is OCD due to lack of serotonin?

Obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD, is an anxiety disorder which, like many anxiety disorders, is marked by low levels of serotonin. Serotonin, a type of neurotransmitter, has a variety of functions that make a deficiency a serious and anxiety producing issue.

Does OCD show up on MRI?

MRIs of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) show corpus callosum and white matter abnormalities in the brain, with heightened differences observed in individuals with more severe OCD symptoms, leading the authors of a study published in the July issue of Radiology to suggest the possibility of improved …

Does an OCD brain look different?

People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have less grey matter in the region of the brain “that is important in suppressing responses and habits”, reported BBC News. “Brain scans might be able to reveal which people are at genetic risk of developing obsessive compulsive disorder,” the BBC added.

Is OCD a chemical imbalance?

Is OCD Caused by a Chemical Imbalance? While studies in the past have shown possible links between chemical imbalances and deficiencies, including serotonin production issues, recent research has largely disproven any connection between an OCD diagnosis and chemical imbalances in the brain.

Can OCD be cured by surgery?

In the study, nearly half of patients showed at least some improvement in their OCD symptoms, and 15 percent fully recovered seven years after the surgery. The findings suggest surgery may be an effective treatment for patients with very severe OCD who have not been helped by other therapies, the researchers said.

What is the best treatment for severe OCD?

Quick Read. The gold standard treatment for OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) is a kind of CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) called “exposure with response prevention.” When children experience anxiety they often try to avoid the things that trigger it.

How long should you take antidepressants for OCD?

You may start to feel better within 1 to 3 weeks after you start to take antidepressant medicine. But it can take as many as 12 weeks to see more improvement. If you have questions or concerns about your medicines, or if you do not notice any improvement by 3 weeks, talk to your doctor.

What is the latest treatment for OCD?

Patients diagnosed with debilitating obsessive-compulsive disorder have access to a revolutionary new treatment at MUSC Health – deep transcranial magnetic stimulation or dTMS. MUSC Health began offering dTMS in early 2020, according to E.

What is the best drug for OCD and anxiety?

Which medication works best for OCD? SSRIs, especially when combined with CBT, work best in lessening OCD symptoms. The American Psychiatric Association suggests switching to a different SSRI if the one you’re using isn’t helping. TCAs such as clomipramine may be used if SSRIs do not help improve OCD.