Does being able to remember conscious experience mean consciousness cannot be an epiphenomenon?

Is consciousness an epiphenomenon?

However, for others, consciousness is an epiphenomenon, that is, something without a direct function, like the redness of blood – a characteristic which was not selected for, but was a consequence of the mechanism selected to deliver oxygen.

What is an example of epiphenomenon?

For example, having an increased risk of breast cancer concurrent with taking an antibiotic is an epiphenomenon. It is not the antibiotic that is causing the increased risk, but the increased inflammation associated with the bacterial infection that prompted the taking of an antibiotic.

What is an epiphenomenon in psychology?

Epiphenomenalism is the view that mental events are caused by physical events in the brain, but have no effects upon any physical events. Behavior is caused by muscles that contract upon receiving neural impulses, and neural impulses are generated by input from other neurons or from sense organs.

What is an epiphenomenon?

Definition of epiphenomenon



: a secondary phenomenon accompanying another and caused by it specifically : a secondary mental phenomenon that is caused by and accompanies a physical phenomenon but has no causal influence itself.

What is the main argument of epiphenomenalism?

The most powerful argument against epiphenomenalism is that it is self-contradictory: if we have knowledge about epiphenomenalism, then our brains know about the existence of the mind, but if epiphenomenalism were correct, then our brains should not have any knowledge about the mind, because the mind does not affect …

Do conscious thoughts cause behavior?

Everyday intuitions suggest full conscious control of behavior, but evidence of unconscious causation and automaticity has sustained the contrary view that conscious thought has little or no impact on behavior.

What is a synonym for an epiphenomenon?

•Other relevant words: (noun)



byproduct, outlier, by-product.

Are epiphenomenalism Physicalists?

So physicalist epiphenom- enalism is the conjunction of physicalism-i.e., the doctrine that tokens of mental events are tokens of physical events-and type epiphenomenalism.

How do you say epiphenomena?

noun, plural ep·i·phe·nom·e·na [ep-uh-fuh-nom-uh-nuh], /ˌɛp ə fəˈnɒm ə nə/, ep·i·phe·nom·e·nons.

Is epiphenomenalism a determinism?

As already noted, epiphenomenalism does not entail determinism. Perhaps, however, Libet-style studies should also be understood as providing evidence for the thesis that our choices are causally determined.

What is the emergent theory of consciousness?

In philosophy, emergentism is the belief in emergence, particularly as it involves consciousness and the philosophy of mind. A property of a system is said to be emergent if it is a new outcome of some other properties of the system and their interaction, while it is itself different from them.

Is epiphenomenalism an Interactionist dualism?

Interactionism can be distinguished from competing dualist theories of causation, including epiphenomenalism (which admits causation, but views causation as unidirectional rather than bidirectional), and parallelism (which denies causation, while seeking to explain the semblance of causation by other means such as pre- …

What is Descartes interactionism?

interactionism, in Cartesian philosophy and the philosophy of mind, those dualistic theories that hold that mind and body, though separate and distinct substances, causally interact.

What is the theory of Occasionalism?

occasionalism, version of Cartesian metaphysics that flourished in the last half of the 17th century, in which all interaction between mind and body is mediated by God. It is posited that unextended mind and extended body do not interact directly.

What qualia means?

qualia include the ways it feels to see, hear and smell, the way it feels to have a pain; more generally, what it’s like to have mental states. Qualia are experiential properties of sensations, feelings, perceptions and, in my view, thoughts and desires as well.

Is memory a qualia?

Psychologists use the word “memory” in broad reference to mental states that are qualitatively similar to the experience of seeing the color orange – statements beginning with “I remember …” relate these distinct subjective experiences, which, akin to feelings or sensations, are of different quality than mental states …

What are the three laws of qualia?

First, they are irrevocable: I cannot simply decide to start seeing the sunset as green, or feel pain as if it were an itch; second, qualia do not always produce the same behaviour: given a set of qualia, we can choose from a potentially infinite set of possible behaviours to execute; and third, qualia endure in short- …

Is consciousness a qualia?

Consciousness, the evidence strongly indicates, is not qualia, not the awareness of this or that perceptual, conceptual or emotional content, but reflexive, autonoetic awareness as such. Content may be subject to copyright.

Is the hard problem of consciousness unsolvable?

The hard problem of consciousness has been often claimed to be unsolvable by the methods of traditional empirical sciences. It has been argued that all the objects of empirical sciences can be fully analyzed in structural terms but that consciousness is (or has) something over and above its structure.

What are the four basic properties of consciousness?

Ok, so hopefully that analogy helps you to remember these four characteristics of consciousness, which are unity, intentionality, selectivity, and transience.

What is the easy problem of consciousness?

The easy problems of consciousness are those that seem directly susceptible to the standard methods of cognitive science, whereby a phenomenon is explained in terms of computational or neural mechanisms. The hard problems are those that seem to resist those methods.

Can brain alone explain consciousness?


Maybe even a fundamental gap. But that's only really a conceptual gap it's a gap in knowledge of a level of thought so knowledge of the brain will never produce knowledge of consciousness.

What are the 5 levels of consciousness?

There are five levels of consciousness; Conscious (sensing, perceiving, and choosing), Preconscious (memories that we can access), Unconscious ( memories that we can not access), Non-conscious ( bodily functions without sensation), and Subconscious ( “inner child,” self image formed in early childhood).