Do Kant or Aristotle ever comment on the line between self-interest/preservation and helping others?

What does Aristotle and Kant have in common?

Aristotle and Kant have one major similarity. They both feel that the reasons behind an action are important in determining the moral worth of that action.

What does Kant argue?

Kant argued that the moral law is a truth of reason, and hence that all rational creatures are bound by the same moral law. Thus in answer to the question, “What should I do?” Kant replies that we should act rationally, in accordance with a universal moral law.

What is Kant main philosophy?

His moral philosophy is a philosophy of freedom. Without human freedom, thought Kant, moral appraisal and moral responsibility would be impossible. Kant believes that if a person could not act otherwise, then his or her act can have no moral worth.

What is the basis of morality according to Kant?

Kant holds that if there is a fundamental law of morality, it is a categorical imperative. Taking the fundamental principle of morality to be a categorical imperative implies that moral reasons override other sorts of reasons. You might, for instance, think you have a self interested reason to cheat on exam.

What did Kant say about Aristotle?

I. The traditional view of the relationship between the moral theories of Aristotle and Kant is that the two were fundamentally opposed to each other. Kant not only radically rejected Aristotle’s eudaimonism, but he was also opposed to virtue as a fundamental ethical category.

How does ethics of care differ from other ethical theories like Kant’s and Aristotle’s?

Interdependency of a person
The concept of person in traditional ethical theories tends to view the individual as independent, isolated, rational, and self-interested. Care ethics, however, views a person as interdependent, integral (emotion, reason, and will), and relational.

What does Immanuel Kant say about self?

According to him, we all have an inner and an outer self which together form our consciousness. The inner self is comprised of our psychological state and our rational intellect. The outer self includes our sense and the physical world. When speaking of the inner self, there is apperception.

What is Kant’s theory simplified?

Kant’s moral philosophy is a deontological normative theory, which is to say he rejects the utilitarian idea that the rightness of an action is a function of how fruitful its outcome is. He says that the motive (or means), and not consequence (or end), of an action determines its moral value.

What was Aristotle’s philosophy?

In his metaphysics, he claims that there must be a separate and unchanging being that is the source of all other beings. In his ethics, he holds that it is only by becoming excellent that one could achieve eudaimonia, a sort of happiness or blessedness that constitutes the best kind of human life.

How does Aristotle differ from Kant?

This follows from Kant’s insistence that an act is virtuous only if the moral agent is willing freely and universally. Secondly, Aristotle’s virtues modify behavior directly, whereas Kant’s virtues modify behavior indirectly by creating moral feeling which, in turn, represses the temptations of the natural inclination.

What is the difference between Aristotle’s Golden Mean and Kant’s categorical imperative?

Aristotle’s approach is agent-centered in that it focuses on the development of the individual, which in turn, benefits society as a whole. Kant’s approach is duty-based, which means that there are certain duties that we have as human beings and these duties are absolutely binding for us.

How might Aristotle criticize Kant’s metaphysics of morals?

Perhaps most significant, Aristotle claims it is the end for all human actions and the basis for morality. Kant’s theory does not reflect this same position on happiness. Namely he challenges the Ancient conception of happiness as a basis for morality.

What is ethical according to Aristotle?

Aristotle’s ethics, or study of character, is built around the premise that people should achieve an excellent character (a virtuous character, “ethikē aretē” in Greek) as a pre-condition for attaining happiness or well-being (eudaimonia).

What did Kant believe is the relationship between rationality and morality?

What did Kant believe is the relationship between rationality and morality? Rationality requires us to be moral. The principle of universalizability does not account for the immorality of: principled fanatics.

What is Aristotle’s virtue ethics?

Virtue ethics is a philosophy developed by Aristotle and other ancient Greeks. It is the quest to understand and live a life of moral character. This character-based approach to morality assumes that we acquire virtue through practice.

What does Aristotle mean by self realization What does Aristotle mean by self realization?

The school of ethical thought which Aristotle profounded is termed “Self Realizationism, implying that the goal of the ethical life is the actualization or the fulfillment of one’s potentialities, one’s true nature, or one’s gifted talents. Self Realization.

What are the main ideas of Aristotle’s virtue theory?

Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. Like Plato, he regards the ethical virtues (justice, courage, temperance and so on) as complex rational, emotional and social skills.

How is virtue ethics different from kantianism?

Kantian ethicists believe that being a good person is strictly a matter of them having a “good will.” On the other hand, virtue ethicists believe that being a good person is a matter of having a good character, or being naturally inclined to do the right thing.

What is the fundamental difference Kant saw between his moral philosophy and utilitarianism?

The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. Both Kantianism and utilitarianism are ethical theories that express the ethical standard of an action.