What are the key features of consequentialist theories?
Consequentialism is based on two principles:
- Whether an act is right or wrong depends only on the results of that act.
- The more good consequences an act produces, the better or more right that act.
What is at issue between Consequentialists and Deontologists?
December 10, 2019. 4 min read. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. Whereas, consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action.
Are all Consequentialists utilitarianism?
Indeed, utilitarianism and consequentialism share many of the same tenets. One difference, however, is consequentialism does not specify a desired outcome, while utilitarianism specifies good as the desired outcome.
What is consequentialism theory with example?
Consequentialism is an ethical theory that judges whether or not something is right by what its consequences are. For instance, most people would agree that lying is wrong. But if telling a lie would help save a person’s life, consequentialism says it’s the right thing to do.
What is consequentialism as an ethical theory?
consequentialism, In ethics, the doctrine that actions should be judged right or wrong on the basis of their consequences.
What is the most well known consequentialist theory of ethics?
Consequentialism is a theory that says whether something is good or bad depends on its outcomes. An action that brings about more benefit than harm is good, while an action that causes more harm than benefit is not. The most famous version of this theory is utilitarianism.
What is the major principle behind Rawls theory of justice?
As mentioned above Rawls’s theory defines individuals as; healthy, physically and psychologically able and rational equal ideals. The first principle of justice is to have equal access to the essential resources for welfare, self-respect, fundamental liberties and fair equal opportunity; the primary social goods.
What is a consequentialist perspective?
Consequentialism is the view that morality is all about producing the right kinds of overall consequences. Here the phrase “overall consequences” of an action means everything the action brings about, including the action itself.
What is non consequentialist ethics?
Nonconsequentialism is a type of normative ethical theory that denies that the rightness or wrongness of our conduct is determined solely by the goodness or badness of the consequences of our acts or of the rules to which those acts conform.
How does consequentialism differ from rival approaches to ethics?
How does consequentialism differ from rival approaches to ethics? It requires us to move beyond egoistic concerns, and to focus on improving the lives of others, as well as our own. Acts are morally right just because they maximize the amount of goodness in the world.
What is the difference between consequentialism and utilitarianism?
Utilitarianism combines the aspects of hedonism and consequentialism. While the greatest good alone is stressed by Consequentialists, utilitarian stresses on greatest good for the greatest number of people. Consequentialism says that the rightness of any conduct is based upon its consequences.
What is the difference between a consequentialist and a non consequentialist theory of ethics?
According to consequentialism, the right act is that act which has the best consequences. According to non-consequentialism, the rightness of an action is not solely determined by its consequences. (Though, most versions of non-consequentialism allow some ethical relevance of consequences).
How would Consequentialists and non Consequentialists both approach the death penalty?
Consequentialist arguments point out beneficial aspects of capital punishment, normally focusing on deterrence, while non-consequentialist arguments seek to justify execution independently of its effects, for example, by appealing to the concept of retribution.
What is the difference between the Consequentialists ideological and Nonconsequentialist deontological views of morality?
While consequentialist accounts focus only on how much good or bad an action produces, non-consequentialist ethics often take other factors into account beyond consequences. For example, the consequentialist view generally holds that people should only weigh their own welfare as much as that of any other person.
What is an example of non consequentialism?
The most familiar example would be utilitarianism–“that action is best that produces the greatest good for the greatest number” (Jeremy Bentham). A non-consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of an action based on properties intrinsic to the action, not on its consequences.
What is the opposite of consequentialism?
Deontology is a set of moral theories which place themselves opposite consequentialism. While consequentialism determines right actions from good ends, deontology asserts that the end and the means by which it is arrived upon are intrinsically linked. A good end will come about as a result of good or right means.
What is the difference between consequentialist theories and non-consequentialist theories quizlet?
According to consequentialism, the moral quality of an action is to be assessed entirely by appeal to consequences. Meanwhile, non-consequentialism holds that other things besides consequences can be significant from a moral point of view.
What does it mean to say that an action is supererogatory?
Supererogation is the technical term for the class of actions that go “beyond the call of duty.” Roughly speaking, supererogatory acts are morally good although not (strictly) required.
What is the difference between an obligatory action and an supererogatory action?
The third approach appeals to virtue and vice, holding that obligatory actions are those failure to perform which reveals some defect in the agent’s character, while supererogatory actions are those that may be omitted without vice.
Is there such a thing as a supererogatory act or are all right actions simply our duty?
In ethics, an act is supererogatory if it is good but not morally required to be done. It refers to an act that is more than is necessary, when another course of action—involving less—would still be an acceptable action. It differs from a duty, which is an act wrong not to do, and from acts morally neutral.
Can a supererogatory act be morally impermissible?
THICISTS GENERALLY AGREE that there are supererogatory acts, which are morally good, but not morally obligatory. 1 It is sometimes claimed that, in addition to supererogatory acts, there are suberogatory acts, which are morally bad, but not morally impermissible.
What is a correct example of a morally supererogatory action?
Typical examples of supererogatory acts are saintly and heroic acts, which involve great sacrifice and risk for the agent and a great benefit to the recipient. However, more ordinary acts of charity, beneficence, and generosity are equally supererogatory.
What is a supererogatory action quizlet?
Supererogatory Action. an action that is. praiseworthy on moral grounds, but not. morally obligatory.