Divine Command Theory vs. Rational Ethics?

Is divine command theory rational?

On Divine Command Theory it is therefore rational to sacrifice my own well-being for the well-being of my children, my friends, and even complete strangers, because God approves of and even commands such acts of self-sacrifice.

What is the difference between divine command theory and natural law ethics?

God’s commands tell us what is morally obligatory, permitted and wrong. The Natural Law stated that humans have a moral knowledge/reason that makes us able to decide what’s right.

Why is divine command theory not valid in ethics?

Other criticisms of divine command theory include: Religious scriptures are generally ancient and are hard to interpret against the complexities of today’s society. As a result, religion as an ethical system does not provide specific ethical guidance to specific ethical dilemmas.

What is the opposite of divine command theory?

As an alternative to divine command theory, Linda Zagzebski has proposed divine motivation theory, which still fits into a monotheistic framework. According to this theory, goodness is determined by God’s motives, rather than by what he commands.

What are the weaknesses of divine command theory?

Weaknesses

  • even if moral commands in the Bible come from God, we cannot tell whether they are as God gave them – no original version of any Old Testament book.
  • Bible contains what most people would consider to be immoral commands; such as views towards slavery and homosexual behaviour.

What is the main principle of divine command theory?

Divine command theory is the belief that things are right because God commands them to be. In other words, it means that things which are considered wrong or unethical are wrong because they are forbidden by God.

What is one objection to the divine command theory?

Of the many objections to this theory, the four main ones are that it makes morality arbitrary, that it cannot work in a pluralistic society, that it makes morality infantile, and that it is viciously circular.

Is divine command theory Consequentialism?

The divine command theory is a non-consequentialist theory in which it states that a person should obey God’s law above anything. There is only one law, and it is the law of God. The story of Abraham and Isaac is a good example of following God’s law regardless of the consequences.

What is an example of divine command theory?

An example of divine command theory, according to theists, is that God commands humans not to steal. Thus, humans are morally obligated to refrain from stealing.

Which of the following is an argument in favor of the divine command theory?

Which of the following is an argument in favor of the divine command theory? God is all-knowing.

Is divine command theory deontological?

The divine command theory is a form of deontology because, according to it, the rightness of any action depends upon that action being performed because it is a duty, not because of any good consequences arising from that action.

What does divine command theory say about abortion?

Divine Command Theory

God commanded his followers not to kill. Abortion is the killing of an unborn human that exists in a state of life. So for those who sign up to Divine Command Theory, abortion under any circumstances is wrong.

Is divine command theory deontological?

The divine command theory is a form of deontology because, according to it, the rightness of any action depends upon that action being performed because it is a duty, not because of any good consequences arising from that action.

Which of the following is an argument in favor of the divine command theory?

Which of the following is an argument in favor of the divine command theory? God is all-knowing.

Is divine command theory Consequentialist?

The divine command theory is a non-consequentialist theory in which it states that a person should obey God’s law above anything. There is only one law, and it is the law of God. The story of Abraham and Isaac is a good example of following God’s law regardless of the consequences.

What is an example of divine command theory?

Modified divine command theory

Because God is benevolent, the two meanings coincide; God is, however, free to command other than he has done, and if he had chosen to command, for example, that murder was morally right, then the two meanings would break apart.

Is divine command theory true?

4. Therefore, the Divine Command theory is not true. So there are several and severe problems with the Divine Command Theory. Here is another theory that in one of its forms involves belief in the existence of a deity, god.

Is divine command theory normative?

There is a class of metaethical and normative views that commonly goes by the name ‘divine command theory.

What does divine command theory say about abortion?

Divine Command Theory

God commanded his followers not to kill. Abortion is the killing of an unborn human that exists in a state of life. So for those who sign up to Divine Command Theory, abortion under any circumstances is wrong.

What does relativism say about abortion?

Relativists often do claim that an action/judgment etc. is morally required of a person. For example, if a person believes that abortion is morally wrong, then it IS wrong — for her. In other words, it would be morally wrong for Susan to have an abortion if Susan believed that abortion is always morally wrong.

How would a utilitarian view abortion?

A common utilitarian argument goes this way: Anything having a balance of good results (considering everyone) is morally permissible. Abortion often has a balance of good results (considering every- one). Abortion often is morally permissible.

Is utilitarianism a philosophy?

Understanding Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a tradition of ethical philosophy that is associated with Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, two late 18th- and 19th-century British philosophers, economists, and political thinkers.

What is wrong with utilitarianism?

Perhaps the greatest difficulty with utilitarianism is that it fails to take into account considerations of justice. We can imagine instances where a certain course of action would produce great benefits for society, but they would be clearly unjust.

What is the opposite of utilitarianism?

Deontology is exactly the opposite of utilitarianism when it comes to the explanations of its concepts. Deontology does not believe in the concept of ‘the end justifies the means’. On the other hand, it says ‘the end does not justify the means. ‘ This is the main difference between utilitarianism and deontology.

What is the best ethical theory?

Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. It is a form of consequentialism. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number.

What are the two ethical theories?

There are two broad categories of ethical theories concerning the source of value: consquentialist and non-consequentialist.

What are the 3 main theories of ethics?

There are generally three philosophical approaches, or what may be considered the science, to ethical reasoning:

  • utilitarian ethics.
  • deontological ethics.
  • virtue ethics.