Did Socrates Help or Hurt Athens by Submitting to Execution?

Why was Socrates put to death in Athens?

In 399 B.C.E., Socrates was executed by the Athenian court on charges of impiety and corrupting the youth. The controversial decision lingers atop the great legacy of Athens, a city praised for its intellectual and political liberty.

Did Socrates betray Athens?

Thus, two of Socrates’ students betrayed Athens and helped Sparta during one of the most devastating wars in the region’s recent memory: Alcibiades helped Sparta win the war, and Critias led the crushing government intended to punish Athenians afterward.

What did Socrates do when sentenced to death?

The accusers of Socrates proposed the punishment of death. In proposing death, the accusers might well have expected to counter with a proposal for exile–a punishment that probably would have satisfied both them and the jury. Instead, Socrates audaciously proposes to the jury that he be rewarded, not punished.

Did Socrates accept his punishment?

ABSTRACT: In the dialogue, Crito, Socrates justified his decision to accept his death penalty. His decision was praised as principled and just. However, such a view was one of the greatest myths in the history of philosophy.

Why did Socrates not fear death?

Socrates ultimately does not fear death because of his innocence, he believes that death is not feared because it may be one of the greatest blessings of the soul.

What did Socrates do?

Socrates was a scholar, teacher and philosopher born in ancient Greece. His Socratic method laid the groundwork for Western systems of logic and philosophy.

Why does Socrates think citizens of Athens should be ashamed?

Socrates insists that he makes no claim of being eloquent in his speech. He is not a rhetorician, and they should be ashamed for suggesting that he would try to lead them astray by the force of his eloquence.

What does Socrates say about death in the apology?

Socrates supports this claim with an argument in the form of a constructive dilemma: either death involves the cessation of consciousness, in which case our afterlife existence will resemble a single night of dreamless sleep, or after our death we will go to a place where all the dead are ruled over by just judges.

Does Socrates believe in God?

Socrates also believes in deity, but his conception is completely different from the typical Athenians. While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose.

What is Socrates famous saying?

The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” “The unexamined life is not worth living.” “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.”

Who said Socrates was the wisest?

When told that the Oracle of Delphi had revealed to one of his friends that Socrates was the wisest man in Athens, he responded not by boasting or celebrating, but by trying to prove the Oracle wrong.

How does Socrates differ from other Athenians?

Socrates seeks wealth, but the Athenians seek virtue.

Why did Socrates question Athenians about their beliefs?

Why did Socrates question Athenians about their beliefs? He thought questioning them was a way to get them to consider the real truths and their self-beliefs.

How did Socrates defend himself?

Socrates defends himself by saying he was prophesied to be a wise man by the Oracle of Delphi. Due to the prophecy, he believes his spiritual mission is to question people. Through questioning, he hopes to illuminate the difference between true and false wisdom.

Why does Socrates think that the death penalty will not actually harm him?

The only reason for commuting the penalty would be if it were an unjust penalty. Socrates does indeed consider the penalty to be unjust, not because it is so harsh, but because it was laid down at all. His alternative, then, is not a lighter penalty, but a reward.

How does Socrates defend himself against the crimes of which he is accused?

Socrates begins his defense by acknowledging that many people have accused him of “studying things in the sky and below the earth” and of “making the worse into the stronger argument” and teaching these things to others (p. 26).

What is Socrates defense against his accusers in Athens?

In his defence at trial, Socrates faced two sets of accusations: (i) asebeia (impiety) against the pantheon of Athens, by introducing new gods; and (ii) corruption of Athenian youth, by teaching them to doubt the status quo.

How did Socrates show by his actions that the risk of death is unimportant to him in his example of the service to the council and the trial of the ten generals?

How did Socrates show by his actions that the risk of death is unimportant to him in his example of the service to the Council and the trial of the ten generals? He was the only council member who argued against trying the ten generals en bloc.

Do you think Socrates was too hard on his fellow Athenians before his accusers came forward was he too hard on them during the trial and after the verdict?

Was he too hard on them during the trial and after the verdict? Personally it never came to mind that Socrates was too hard on his fellow Athenians.