**Daniel Dennett proposed the multiple drafts model, in which consciousness seems linear but is actually blurry and gappy, distributed over space and time in the brain**. Consciousness is the computation, there is no extra step or “Cartesian theater” in which you become conscious of the computation.

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## Who created the computational theory of mind?

Hilary Putnam

This entry is therefore concerned solely with the Computational Theory of Mind (CTM) proposed by **Hilary Putnam** [1961] and developed most notably for philosophers by Jerry Fodor [1975, 1980, 1987, 1993].

## What is the Turing machine’s theoretical significance with respect to the computer model of the mind?

According to CCTM, **the mind is a computational system similar in important respects to a Turing machine**, and core mental processes (e.g., reasoning, decision-making, and problem solving) are computations similar in important respects to computations executed by a Turing machine.

## Who was the theorist who compared the human brain into a computer?

In the 1930s **Alan Turing** proposed the model of an abstract machine (the Turing Machine) that could be programmed to compute any computable sequence. In the 1940’s McCollough and Pitts modeled the operation of neurons in the brain using Boolean logic, the same logic used in computer programming.

## What is computational functionalism?

Computational functionalism is **the view that mental states and events – pains, beliefs, desires, thoughts and so forth – are computational states of the brain**, and so are defined in terms of “computational parameters plus relations to biologically characterized inputs and outputs” (1988:7).

## What is the computational theory?

The Computational Theory of Mind (CTM) **claims that the mind is a computer**, so the theory is also known as computationalism. It is generally assumed that CTM is the main working hypothesis of cognitive science.

## What do you mean by computational theory?

In theoretical computer science and mathematics, the theory of computation is **the branch that deals with what problems can be solved on a model of computation, using an algorithm, how efficiently they can be solved or to what degree** (e.g., approximate solutions versus precise ones).

## What is the difference between human brain and computer?

**The brain uses chemicals to transmit information; the computer uses electricity**. Even though electrical signals travel at high speeds in the nervous system, they travel even faster through the wires in a computer. Both transmit information. A computer uses switches that are either on or off (“binary”).

## What are the similarities between computer and human brain?

Both of them have memory, both of them use electrical signals, both of them can retrieve and transmit data, both of them have partitions and both of them connect data in order to reach to conclusions which are logical and working.

## Which theory argues that the mind works in ways similar to a computer?

**Cognitive psychology** sees the individual as a processor of information, in much the same way that a computer takes in information and follows a program to produce an output.

## What are the 3 branches of the theory of computation?

In theoretical computer science, the theory of computation is the branch that deals with whether and how efficiently problems can be solved on a model of computation, using an algorithm. The field is divided into three major branches: **automata theory, computability theory and computational complexity theory**.

## What is the importance of theory of computation?

Theory of Computation is very important as **it helps in writing efficient algorithms that operate on computer devices, research and development of programming languages and in compiler design and construction that is efficient**.

## What are the topics in theory of computation?

The theory of computation is the branch of mathematics that studies **what types of tasks are theoretically possible with computing machines**. It is also concerned with the relative difficulty and complexity of these tasks. Mathematical models for computers such as Turing machines and finite automata are essential tools.

## What is difference between theory of automata and theory of computation?

Automata theory (also known as Theory Of Computation) is a theoretical branch of Computer Science and Mathematics, which mainly deals with the logic of computation with respect to simple machines, referred to as automata. Automata* enables scientists to understand how machines compute the functions and solve problems.

## What are the applications of TOC?

**Applications of Theory of Computation**

- Traffic Lights.
- Video Games.
- CPU Controllers.
- Protocol Analysis.
- Regular Expression Matching.
- Vending Machines.
- Speech Recognition.
- Natural Language Processing.

## What is sentence in theory of computation?

Grammar in theory of computation is **a finite set of formal rules that are generating syntactically correct sentences**. The formal definition of grammar is that it is defined as four tuples − G=(V,T,P,S) G is a grammar, which consists of a set of production rules. It is used to generate the strings of a language.

## What is a symbol in theory of computation?

The symbol is **the smallest building block in the theory of computation and can be any letter, number or even pictograms**. For example: a, b, 0, 1. Alphabet. From the symbols we can form an alphabet represented by the sigma sign (Σ). The alphabet is nothing more than a collection of symbols (finite set).

## What are the types of grammar in theory of computation?

Chomsky Classification of Grammars

Grammar Type | Grammar Accepted | Language Accepted |
---|---|---|

Type 0 | Unrestricted grammar | Recursively enumerable language |

Type 1 | Context-sensitive grammar | Context-sensitive language |

Type 2 | Context-free grammar | Context-free language |

Type 3 | Regular grammar | Regular language |