Current theories of the psychology of ambivalence

What is the ambivalence theory?

Racial ambivalence theory is an explanation of White people’s attitudes and behavior toward Black people. The theory holds that many Whites are fundamentally ambivalent about Blacks. That is, their attitudes toward Blacks are a potent mixture of extreme positive and negative evaluations.

What causes psychological ambivalence?

So where does ambivalence come from? Many psychologists and social scientists report that certain personality traits tend to be associated with the ambivalent stance, such as obsessive compulsive tendencies, unhealthy psychological defensive styles (such as splitting), and underdeveloped problem solving skills.

What psychological effects does ambivalence have?

Psychologically uncomfortable ambivalence, also known as cognitive dissonance, can lead to avoidance, procrastination, or to deliberate attempts to resolve the ambivalence. People experience the greatest discomfort from their ambivalence at the time when the situation requires a decision to be made.

What is ambivalence in psychiatry?

The term ambivalence-meaning the coexistence of love and hate toward a person or object-is commonly used both in the vernacular and in psychiatry.

What is ambivalence according to bhaba?

The idea of ambivalence sees culture as consisting of opposing perceptions and dimensions. Bhabha claims that this ambivalence—this duality that presents a split in the identity of the colonized other—allows for beings who are a hybrid of their own cultural identity and the colonizer’s cultural identity.

What is ambivalence in counseling?

In psychotherapy, ambivalence involves simultaneous movements toward and away from change – as an approach-avoidance conflict (Dollard and Miller, 1950) – a conflict of the self that, if not properly solved, tends to negatively impact treatment (Miller and Rollnick, 2002; Braga et al., 2016, 2018).

What is ambivalent personality?

Psychology defines ambivalence (or detached personality) as a state of having simultaneous contradictory reactions, beliefs, or feelings towards some a person, object, or state of facts.

What is ambivalence in a client?

Ambivalence represents a client’s experience of simultaneously feeling two ways about changing one’s behavior; for example, concurrently wanting to make a change while also feeling reticent to do so.

Why is ambivalence important in Motivational Interviewing?

Motivational Interviewing helps people explore ambivalence – what keeps the person doing what they do and what might move them towards wanting to make a change.

How do you identify ambivalence?

Ambivalent identification

  1. Consciously dealing both the positive and negative aspects of another person or entity like their organisation or family, and.
  2. Can maintain the state of ambivalence or uncertainty about the relationship over the very long periods of time, often for many years (Thompson & Holmes, 1996)

Which of the following approaches should be taken when encountering ambivalence?

Which of the following approaches should be taken when encountering ambivalence? Explore only the arguments against change. Explore only the arguments for change.

What is Mi and oars?

The four core motivational interviewing skills, or OARS, are Open questioning, Affirming, Reflecting and Summarizing (Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. 2013).

Who is Miller and Rollnick?

In 1991, William R. Miller and Stephen Rollnick wrote a book titled Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People to Change Addictive Behavior. It explained how to talk with people about their alcohol and drug use in ways that respected their ability to decide for themselves whether they wanted to change.

What does the R stand for in oars?

The OARS Model includes four basic skills: O = Open Questions. A = Affirmations. R = Reflective Listening. S = Summarizing.

What are the 4 elements of the spirit of MI?

So, the “music” of MI, or the “spirit” of MI involves four key elements: partnership, acceptance, compassion, and evocation.

What does the R stand for in MI spirit?

It communicates compassion, acceptance, partnership, and respect. The spirit of MI is based on four key elements: Collaboration between the practitioner and the client; Evoking or drawing out the client’s ideas about change; Emphasizing the autonomy of the client.

What are the 4 main processes of motivational interviewing?

The 4 Processes include Engaging, Focusing, Evoking, and Planning. These processes are not linear or a step by step guide to MI. Engaging naturally comes first because you need to have good engagement prior to having a conversation about change.

What are query extremes?

When your client expresses little desire for change, it can be useful to have him or her explore the extreme consequences of the current behavior and to imagine the best possible outcome of change.

Which element of the spirit of motivational interviewing is rooted in a strengths based focus?

Support Self-‐Efficacy

MI is a strengths-‐based approach that believes that clients have within themselves the capabilities to change successfully. A client’s belief that change is possible (self-‐efficacy) is needed to instill hope about making those difficult changes.

What is querying extremes in motivational interviewing?

The first approach we will explore together is Querying Extremes. This technique is designed to elicit change talk by asking the client to talk about the extremes of their (or others’) concerns or potential consequences about their particular condition or behavior.

What is mobilizing change talk?

Mobilizing Change Talk—A subtype of client change talk that expresses or implies action to change; examples are commitment, activation language, and taking steps.

What does rolling with resistance mean?

“Rolling with Resistance” is a key technique which recognises that simply attacking or confronting someone directly does not always work – it may drive people deeper into their shell or lead them to be highly defensive or confrontational themself.