Criticizing Arguments: Identifying Weaknesses?

How do you identify weaknesses in an argument?

If an argument is weak, you’d be better off throwing a coin to know if the conclusion is true and that’s far from succeeding in providing reasons for a conclusion. So, if the conclusion is unlikely to be true when the premises are true, then the argument is weak.

What are some of the arguments weaknesses?

So an argument can weak one of these ways:

  • It is ill-formed.
  • You think one or more of the premises are false.
  • You suspend judgment about one or more of the premises.
  • The argument is defeated.

What do you call a weak argument?

4 deficient, faulty, inadequate, lacking, pathetic, poor, substandard, under-strength, wanting. 5 feeble, flimsy, hollow, inconclusive, invalid, lame, pathetic, shallow, slight, unconvincing, unsatisfactory.

Do fallacies make an argument weak?

Logical fallacies make an argument weak by using mistaken beliefs/ideas, invalid arguments, illogical arguments, and/or deceptiveness. If you are arguing, avoid fallacies of thought because they create weaknesses in an argument. Here are some of the most common fallacies to be aware of.

How do you analyze the strengths and weaknesses of an argument?

To test an argument’s strength, we can identify the assumptions it depends on and determine whether or not they are valid. A strong argument will accurately summarize any important counterarguments and respond to them. Even if an argument has significant flaws, it may also contain insights worth noting.

What is an example of weak evidence?

Weak use of evidence
Most families no longer sit down to eat together, preferring instead to eat on the go while rushing to the next appointment (Gleick 148). Everything is about what we want. This is a weak example of evidence because the evidence is not related to the claim.

What is weak inductive argument?

Well, an inductive argument’s strength is a matter of degree. Inductive arguments that are not strong are called weak arguments. A weak argument fails to provide the probable support for the given conclusion. There is no well-defined or sharp line between strong and weak inductive arguments.

What is a feeble argument?

If you describe something that someone says as feeble, you mean that it is not very good or convincing. This is a particularly feeble argument. Synonyms: unconvincing, poor, thin, weak More Synonyms of feeble.

What is a deductive thinker?

Updated on July 05, 2020. Deductive reasoning is a type of logical thinking that starts with a general idea and reaches a specific conclusion. It’s sometimes is referred to as top-down thinking or moving from the general to the specific.

How do you critically assess an argument?

When evaluating an argument, here are some things that you might consider:

  1. Who is making the argument?
  2. What gives them authority to make the argument?
  3. What evidence is given in support of the argument? …
  4. Does the evidence upon which the argument is based come from a reliable and independent source?

What are the 4 steps in analyzing an argument?

1) Read the argument and instructions carefully. 2) Identify the argument’s claims, conclusions and underlying assumptions. Evaluate their quality. 3) Think of as many alternative explanations and counterexamples as you can.

What 4 things should you evaluate in an argument?

Evaluate 4 Factors in Argument Analysis

  • Summarize the author’s reasons. In the standards this is stated as identify, explain, or trace the reasons the author provides in his argument. …
  • Assess the provided evidence. …
  • Identify perspectives represented. …
  • Investigate the author’s credibility.

What are the five steps of analyzing an argument?

The five steps of analyzing arguments include: Determining what the arguer MEANS, CONSECUTIVELY numbering arguments, identifying the argument’s MAIN CLAIM, DIAGRAMMING the argument, and CRITIQUING the argument.

What two things must be considered when evaluating an argument?

The first step of evaluating an argument is making an inference connection. The second step is asserting premise acceptability.

What are the three basic components when evaluating argument?

Form: Its reasons and conclusion will be related in such a way that if the reasons are true, the conclusion will likely be true. Content: The reasons will make claims that are true, or have a high probability of being true. Context: The argument as a whole fits the circumstances in which it was intended to apply.

What are the five elements of an effective argument?

Information is used, but it is organized based on these major components of an argument: claim, reason, evidence, counter-claim, and rebuttal.

What are techniques of recognizing arguments?

There are three steps to argument identification:

  • Understand the Context: Is someone trying to convince you of something?
  • Identify the Conclusion: What are they trying to convince you?
  • Identify the Reasons: Why do they think you should believe them?